THE PECULIARITIES OF PERSONAL MOTIVATION DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM
Natalia Zhygailo
Ivan Franko National University in Lviv
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5686-2652
Khrystyna Saiko
Ivan Franko National University in Lviv
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4397-6930
PDF 99-107 (Українська)

Keywords

autistic children
pedagogical conditions
motivation
correctional work
intellectual disorders
educational motives

How to Cite

Zhygailo, N., & Saiko, K. (2021). THE PECULIARITIES OF PERSONAL MOTIVATION DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(1), 99-107. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.1.8

Abstract

The article solves the issues of psychological and pedagogical preconditions of correctional work with autistic children. The principles and methods of interaction with adults having children with autism spectrum disorders are substantiated. It is noted that correctional work with an autistic child should take place at all ages and in all spheres of their life. The importance of creating pedagogical conditions for correctional work aimed at autistic children’s education in the inclusive environment is revealed. The main difficulties of inclusion of children with such nosology into general education classes are determined. Stages of correctional work with autistic children within the offered innovative psychological-pedagogical conditions are offered.

We have summarized the performed review of scientific and pedagogical literature. The learning motivation of children with autism includes many factors that are constantly changing and entering into new relations. According to their content, motives are divided into external and internal, social and cognitive, etc.; they play an important role in educational activities. External motives are related to factors that lie outside the educational activities; internal motives are directly related to educational activities and the course of an educational process.

If external motivation predominates over internal one, internal motivation for learning should be formed. Successful activities require both types of motivation - internal and external - but, according to some authors, children are more likely to have external motivation than internal, which leads to the presence of motives that are "understood", but often not really act. Therefore, special attention should be paid to formation of internal (cognitive) motivation requires.

The current stage of correctional care for children with autistic spectrum disorders in Ukraine is characterized by dynamic scientific and practical searches for optimal corrective ways and methods. We analysed theoretically the works by foreign and national scientists and showed the depth and comprehensiveness of the methods, technologies to overcome autism and develop such children.

 

PDF 99-107 (Українська)

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