PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by<strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href=""> Association pour la Promotion des Sciences et des Innovations</a></span></strong> &nbsp;in conjunction with&nbsp;<strong><a href="">H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine</a></strong> from 2015 year, 12 times a year (from 2019).</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine № 409 of 17.03.2020, Annex 1), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (КВ &nbsp;№ &nbsp;24063-13903 &nbsp;ПР&nbsp;of 22.07.2019). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> Інститут психології імені Г. С. Костюка Національної академії педагогічних наук України en-US PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2414-0023 <p><strong>Copyright Notice</strong></p> <p>Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -&nbsp;</p> ORGANIZATION OF LEISURE TIME FOR FUTURE OFFICERS: THE PSYCHOLOGICAL PROGRAM <p>The organized leisure is an integral part of the moral and psychological support for the preparation and use of the Armed Forces. The purpose of this work was to streamline the program promoting cadets’ leisure and leisure activities, by taking into account their psychological characteristics. Special attention was paid to cadets’ recreational activities, namely their developmental exercises during free time.</p> <p>The study object: training of future officers. The study theme: psychological features of the organized leisure, and used philosophical and psychological methods for it.</p> <p>The study sample: cadets of the Military Academy (Odessa), aged of 17-25 years. The total number was 120 people.</p> <p>Used methods: Rokeach Value Survey, observation, expert evaluation, Kelly’s Original Role Construct Repertory Test, Cattell’s Personality Factor Questionnaire. The method of factor analysis: principal component with varimax rotation and Kaiser normalization. The obtained data were interpreted and five factors were identified. The first factor&nbsp;was the most pronounced; it was called “mind and conscience when using free time”. The criteria were given for different levels of leisure based on the following indicators:&nbsp; initiative, focus on creativity and self-improvement, support of others, volitional component and satisfaction. The differences in cadets’ semantic constructs depending on the organization levels of their free time were examined. Cadets’ free time must be used to built-up resources necessary for resistance to crisis phenomena and stress factors. The obtained data proved effectiveness of the proposed program.</p> <p>Conclusion: The free time and leisure activities should be organised on the basis of a special program that takes account an individual’s basic professional orientation and his/her personal beliefs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mykhailo Tsymbal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-05-05 2020-05-05 6 4 75 83 10.31108/1.2020.6.4.6 INFLUENCE OF ACMEOLOGICAL ABILITIES ON A PROFESSIONAL’S SELF-DEVELOPMENT <p>The article examines the concept of “acmeological abilities” in conjunction with the problem of an individual’s self-development. The whole set of an individual’s determinants influencing development of acmeological abilities is outlines. These abilities are considered in line with the main task of acmeology, namely, studying the objective laws, psychological mechanisms, conditions, and factors of a progressively developing mature personality. The performed review showed that problem of an individual’s abilities to self-development is not posed within the context of the psychological research on self-development itself.</p> <p>The productive and unproductive motivation for self-development is considered. The productive motivation for self-development is spiritually and creatively oriented. An individual having motivation is internally free, pay less attention to external developmental goals (success, career, money); his/her orientation on self-development is dictated mainly by the solution of creative, professional, spiritual tasks. Productive self-development is possible if not external, but internal developmental goals of a moral, spiritual character are achieved. The external developmental goals (professional, financial) are important but do not come at the first place. The efficiency of this motivation is manifested through achievement of better personality integration and integrity due to the harmonious conjugation of the individual’s internal and external life activities. The unproductive motivation for self-development is developed at neurotic, rigid behaviour (for example, perfectionism, achievement seeking). In these cases, an individual’s self-development is determined by solution of internal tasks; improved personal performances in a profession, won competitions, etc. This motivation is unproductive because the integrity of personality development is disrupted due to the compensatory nature of self-development under unproductive interactions with people around.</p> <p>The study identified the factors that contribute to or impede the implementation of acmeological abilities. The main factor stimulating an adult’s self-development is the need to solve complex professional and life problems that go beyond their actual and psychological competencies. The concept of “acmeological abilities” is correlated with the category of “auto-psychological competence”.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Tamiliia Dotsevych ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-05-05 2020-05-05 6 4 84 92 10.31108/1.2020.6.4.7 PROFESSIONAL TASKS CLASSIFICATION IN THE TRAINING SYSTEM OF THE FUTURE BORDER GUARD OFFICERS <p>The article deals with the description of the professional tasks classification of the future border guard officers educational system. The tasks classification has been developed on the basis of: 1) the national and foreign scientists analysis views on the essence of such concepts as «task» and «thinking strategy», and 2) psychological analysis of the personnel of State Border Service of Ukraine (SBGS) professional activity. It has been revealed that the components of the thinking strategy as the personal formation, are the following thinking actions as situation analysis, evaluation of new information, choice of research objects, choice of landmarks, the creative behavior planning, hypotheses forecasting development and plans of problem-solving, possibilities of deep reorientation at the activity conditions, ready-made solutions preparation as to the problem and decisions making. It has been stated that the professional tasks classification is the first and foremost necessary to identify the external and internal signs of learning problems particular types, their specific properties and to determine the nature of the cadets thinking activity, the choosing of the appropriate thinking strategies caused by a particular type of educational and professional tasks. The classification also allows instructors to manage the learning cadets activities while the professional training process as well as to define the educational tasks (according to Mashbits Yu. I.), in order to activate their professional thinking development.</p> <p>The border guard officers thinking actions are inherent in such thinking strategies as analyzing, combining and reconstructing, which make the most meaningful contribution in our opinion to the solution of educational and professional tasks while the SBGS institutions educational conditions of the effective professional decision-making learning with the aim of the state border security and protection.</p> <p>It has been taken into consideration all the mentioned above aspects in the development of the educational and professional tasks classification for the future border guard officers to increase their professional thinking. The authors classification consists of the procedural, communicative, practical, and problem-solving (non-standard) tasks on taking the decisions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Olena Volobuieva Andrii Fedyk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-05-05 2020-05-05 6 4 93 106 10.31108/1.2020.6.4.8 THE PLANE OF THE TRANS-THEORETIC EXISTENTIAL-SYSTEMIC CONCEPT OF REORGANIZATION OF THE SEMANTIC ARCHITECTONICS OF AN INDIVIDUAL’S CONSCIOUSNESS <p>The article substantiates a list of questions about the mechanisms and conditions of the dynamics of semantic architectonics of an individual’s consciousness as a text. The link between self-organization and reorganization of the semantic architectonics of an individual’s consciousness and the generative property of personality as a complex system to self-movement and self-transformation, characterized by self-attribution, is proved. The postulated trans-theoretic existential-systemic concept is validated. We examined the concept composition, substantive elements, the rules of their interactions and mutual influence, the model of their organization, their participation and relevance at request solving and processing of levels, stages and procedural actions reorganizing the semantic architectonics of an individual’s consciousness. The procedure of theoretical-methodological research consisted of the following methods: the synergistic method to analyze interaction and consistency of paradigm bases when creating a new concept; the modeling method to determine the foundations of a built model; and the reconstruction method to determine a coordinate space as a unified methodological background for describing the diversity and heterogeneity of concepts used in the initial research approaches. The heuristic model of the trans-theoretic concept was constructed, which consisted of existential analysis, the theory of dynamical systems, individual psychology, transpersonal psychology, psychodrama and some practical branches - system modeling, decoding of experience, neurological levels, holotropic breathing. These components exhibited fundamental diversity, but at the same time, the essential unity of the existential-system concept and influence on the dynamics of an individual’s meanings, in particular, intentionally created meanings and the individual’s identity basis, and on a certain acqured life position as a source of meaning in a life situation. The integrative unity of the examined concept was achieved by the construct from the theory of dynamical systems, namely: the nonlinearity of development of complex systems, to which personality belongs. The synergistic relationships between the elements of the trans-theoretic existential-systemic concept were determined on the plane of the microstructure. The internal interaction of the concept elements covered five perspectives of actions, namely: system-determined, ontological, genetic, functional and content-contextual.</p> <p>The dynamic processes of the reorganization of the semantic architectonics of consciousness are determined by common actions of the genetic, systemic and contextual planes of the existential-systemic concept, which shape and fill with content the ontological field of an individual’s existential reality; so the following key categories can be revealed: “self-attribution” and “dialogue exchange between the Self and the world”, “intentionality”, “the experience of meeting with oneself, the world and the world of other people”, “evolution”. The reorganization of the semantic architectonics of an individual’s consciousness is presented as a three-dimensional coordinate space with vectors. The protocol of the psychological assistance for clients with panic attacks is described, containing sequential steps and tasks of each of the vectors and the corresponding operations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Svitlana Kalishchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-05-05 2020-05-05 6 4 107 118 10.31108/1.2020.6.4.9 PSYCHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE ON POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE AFFECTS (OPANA), BASED ON THE PANAS SCALES <p>The article aim is to describe the development and testing of the psychometric characteristics of OPANA (the Questionnaire on Positive and Negative Affects), based on the PANAS scales (Watson, Clark, and Tellegen, 1988).</p> <p>The sample of 777 participants was involved in the development and approbation of the questionnaire (age 17-72, 300 men, 477 women). The differences between the survey’s results of men and women, as well as differences depending on the methods of data collection (paper-and-pencil or online) were presented. The high internal reliability of the questionnaire scales (Cronbach alpha for the “during the past few weeks” instruction was 0.89 for positive affect (PA) and 0.88 for negative affect (NA) was confirmed. The test-retest reliability (N = 103 participants) was r = 0.7 for PA and r = 0.48 for NA. The exploratory factor analysis was used to analyze the factor structure of the questionnaire: as a result, a three-factor structure of the questionnaire was determined. The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the equivalence of the two-factor and three-factor models (the three-factor model fit indices were χ² / df = 2.94; RMSEA = 0.059; CFI = 0.94; TLI = 0.93; the two-factor model fit indices were χ² / df = 2.89; RMSEA = 0.058; CFI = 0.942; TLI = 0.93). Significant correlations of PA and NA scales with the scales of affect balance, satisfaction with life, dispositional optimism, psychological hardiness, as well as extraversion, openness to experience and emotional stability proved the construct validity of the questionnaire.</p> <p>OPANA can be used as a reliable and valid psychodiagnostic tool. The proposed list of descriptors makes it possible to distinguish between positive and negative affects, to analyze them according to the temporal context of an evaluation, to conduct longitudinal studies and to track the dynamics of changes. Because the research was conducted with a large group of participants, most of whom were students and representatives of different social groups, the obtained results can be only a starting point for exploring the possibilities of applying the Questionnaire in Ukrainian psychological science. The method should be probated with groups of different ages and with specific groups, for example, alcohol and drug addicts, people with deviant or delinquent behaviour, in order to clarify the normative data for the questionnaire.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Maryna Klimanska Inna Haletska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-05-05 2020-05-05 6 4 119 132 10.31108/1.2020.6.4.10