PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by<strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="https://www.apsciorg.fr/"> Association pour la Promotion des Sciences et des Innovations</a></span></strong> &nbsp;in conjunction with&nbsp;<strong><a href="http://psychology-naes-ua.institute/eng/">H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine</a></strong> from 2015 year, 12 times a year (from 2019).</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine № 409 of 17.03.2020, Annex 1), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (КВ &nbsp;№ &nbsp;24063-13903 &nbsp;ПР&nbsp;of 22.07.2019). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> Інститут психології імені Г. С. Костюка Національної академії педагогічних наук України en-US PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2414-0023 <p><strong>Copyright Notice</strong></p> <p>Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -&nbsp;https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</p> DYNAMICS OF THE STATE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF STUDENT YOUTH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF CHERNIGIV REGION IN CONNECTION WITH WAR https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1515 <p>The article considers the concept of «psychological well-being of the individual», theoretical approaches to its understanding: hedonistic, eudomonistic and integrative. An attempt has been made to determine the components of the psychological well-being of the individual, objective and subjective indicators and factors that determine it.</p> <p>Emphasis is placed on the concept of «psychological state». The psychological well-being of the individual is defined as an integrated, fairly stable psychological state, which is manifested in the experience of life satisfaction and a sense of fullness of their own functioning.</p> <p>It is noted that in the structure of the psychological well-being of the individual a significant place is occupied by the subjective attitude, ie the attitude of the individual to himself, other people, his own life, future. To a large extent, the attitude determines the assessment of phenomena and events of life, the way of reacting and interpreting the experience.</p> <p>The significance of the war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine as a hyper-stress factor that negatively affects the mental health and psychological well-being of people is analyzed. The dynamics of a person's emotional response to war, negative emotional and other psychological consequences of experiencing war events are described.</p> <p>Possible positive psychological changes that can occur in a person as a result of a traumatic event are described, in particular, such as «post-traumatic growth». The essence of the process of post-traumatic growth of personality is revealed.</p> <p>An analytical comparison of the results of psychological research on the state of psychological well-being of students of vocational (vocational) education institutions of Chernihiv region this year and the previous year is presented. There was some increase in the level of psychological well-being of young people.</p> <p>It was found that young people are more likely to experience positive emotions from ordinary things, see more reasons for joy in everyday life, became more optimistic about their future, increased social support, improved self-esteem, but decreased ability to set goals, which is manifested in difficulties in planning life, a vague vision of distant life prospects.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Svitlana Zabarovska Larysa Dubyna Copyright (c) 2022 Svitlana Zabarovska, Larysa Dubyna https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 8 4 60 68 10.31108/1.2022.8.4.5 FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL VALUES OF A HIGHER EDUCATION ACQUIRENT IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING PROFESSIONAL DISCIPLINES https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1514 <p>The article is devoted to the problem of the relevance of using active learning methods in the study of professional disciplines, in particular, practical training aimed at the formation of value orientations among student youth in the process of professional training in a higher educational institution.</p> <p>An analysis of the results of modern research in domestic and foreign psychology on the problem of formation of professional values was carried out. The methodological bases of tasks and the content of lectures and practical classes in professional disciplines are highlighted.</p> <p>The hierarchical structure of value orientations was revealed and their content characteristics were analyzed after studying the discipline of professional training "Psychology".</p> <p>The importance of improving the organization of the educational process with the aim of acquiring practical skills close to the conditions of the educational process, the formation of professional and personal competencies in the future specialist of the pedagogical direction is determined.</p> <p>The expediency of introducing active learning methods into the educational process of a higher educational institution, which is one of the main pillars for acquiring practical skills and abilities necessary for the formation of a specialist's personality, has been proven.</p> <p>The following methods were used to form the results of the research: analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature, general scientific methods of comparison, systematization, interpretation and description of ideas and facts; questionnaire “Value orientations of the teacher”.</p> <p>The use of scientific and scientific-methodological publications, methods of psychological-pedagogical research and methodological materials and practical experience of specialists in age and pedagogical psychology and the Department of Educational Psychology of the Faculty of Special Education, Psychology and Social Work of the Ivan Ohiienko Kamianets-Podilskyi National University.</p> <p>The article substantiates the importance of the problem of improving the quality of the professional training of future specialists in the pedagogical industry with the use of active teaching methods, specific pedagogical situations in the study of professional disciplines, in particular, practical training aimed at the formation of a personality of a specialist who would be competitive on the domestic and European labor markets.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nataliia Panchuk Copyright (c) 2022 Nataliia Panchuk https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 8 4 51 59 10.31108/1.2022.8.4.4 PSYCHOLOGY OF RESENTMENT OF UKRAINIANS https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1513 <p>The development of Ukraine requires a new psychology of the winner. The path of inner work on the people's own psychological problems is difficult and painful, but it is the only way of renewal. The emphasis is on the negative psychological characteristics of the Ukrainian people: individualism; not submission; envy; not solidarity; apathy; the advantage of one's own interests over the common ones; emotionality; criticism, consumer psychology, etc.</p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Vikonskaya's analysis reveals the deep foundations of the essence of the psyche of the Ukrainian people. Individualism, anarchist tendencies were formed under the influence of the boundless expanses of the steppe and are compensation for the long enslavement of other peoples. Power is perceived by Ukrainians with distrust, as something hostile and threatening, since the peasant has always experienced harassment from the pan. The materialism of peasant life, dependence on nature and one's own labor gave rise to apoliticality, the desire to live one's own life and indifference to common actions.</span></p> <p>Personal egoism is the result of long-term captivity, since the Ukrainian people, without their own state, were deprived of the skills for long-term unification, joint protection around the state ideology. For Ukrainians, the organization served as a voluntary association, which everyone could leave at their own discretion. A person is independent and independent in choosing his behavior and establishing relations with a particular community.</p> <p>The strong in spirit will overcome the path and reach the finish line - a European state where the law is above all. The weak will fall in a cruel world. We prove by deeds on the battlefield that we belong to the mighty of this world. Too high a price has been paid for the right to be called a Ukrainian. We must work hard to overcome the Ukrainian defective psychology.</p> <p>Only constructive criticism will be the key to overcoming the ressentiment in the psychology of Ukrainians, which hinders the consolidation and implementation of the idea of ​​Ukraine's revival and its entry into the European family.</p> <p> </p> Andrii Masliuk Iryna Yevchenko Copyright (c) 2022 Andrii Masliuk, Iryna Yevchenko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 8 4 38 50 10.31108/1.2022.8.4.3 EMPIRICAL STUDY OF MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENT OF SELF-EDUCATION OF FUTURE SPECIALISTS https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1512 <p>The article highlights the results of an empirical study of the motivational component of self-education of future specialists. The data of studying the components of self-education motivation have been presented: motivation for achieving success, motivation of learning, the ability to self-education and self-actualization.</p> <p>The results of diagnostics of the motivational component of self-education have shown that motivation for achieving success, motivation of learning, the ability to self-education, and self-actualization are manifested in future specialists at a fairly high level.</p> <p>Diagnostics of motivation of learning has demonstrated a preference for the motives of "mastering the profession" and "acquiring knowledge". This indicates that future specialists have already decided their priorities, the choice of profession was conscious and they strive to acquire the necessary knowledge to become qualified specialists in the field of pedagogy.</p> <p>Research of the motivation for achieving success and fear of failure has shown that most students have a stable motivation for success. Obviously, master's students become more self-confident, know what they want and go for their goal.</p> <p>The study of the degree of self-actualization has displayed the advantage of a high degree of self-actualization of the respondents. This testifies to the desire of future specialists for the most complete identification and development of their personal capabilities. That is, master's students strive to realize themselves, to find the meaning of their existence, to become what they can become, and not what others force them to be.</p> <p>Diagnostics of the ability to self-education and self-development has revealed the advantage of a high level of manifestation of these qualities. This shows that future specialists are aware of the need to improve their potential and realize themselves as individuals, acquire the necessary knowledge, skills and abilities.</p> <p>The results of the correlation analysis have made it possible to conclude that the ability to self-education does not have a significant dependence on the desire to master the profession and gain knowledge, but the ability to self-education determines the desire to achieve success and depends on self-actualization. Thus, the research hypothesis has been partially confirmed.</p> <p>A promising direction of future research concerns elaboration of psychodiagnostic methods for the study of the motivational component of self-education of future specialists; research of the dynamics of development of self-education motivation of future specialists in the process of training.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nataliia Shevchenko Sofiia Mukomel Copyright (c) 2022 Nataliia Shevchenko, Sofiia Mukomel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 8 4 28 37 10.31108/1.2022.8.4.2 SELF-ESTEEM AND PERFECTIONISM AS CORRELATES OF BURNOUT OF TEACHERS PRESCHOOL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1511 <p>The article is devoted to a theoretical analysis of the understanding of the phenomenon of burnout in psychology and an empirical study of the relationship between self-esteem and perfectionism of preschool teachers and the level of their professional burnout.</p> <p>It is noted that, despite the fact that today burnout is one of the most popular and researched topics in science, its integral psychological concept is still missing, as well as a general understanding of the concept of burnout, its structure, symptoms, stages of development and causes.</p> <p>It is noted that in psychology, numerous scientists - researchers of burnout are inclined to offer their own definitions of it, to highlight its structure, symptoms and causes, unwittingly or consciously focusing on the ideas about the process of burnout expressed by H. Freudenberger and K. Maslach and colleagues.</p> <p>The conducted research revealed the presence of both correlational and causal relationships between professional burnout and perfect motivation.</p> <p>It was concluded that professional burnout can be interpreted as a process of gradual devastation of the meaningfulness of a person's professional activity.<br>The results of the empirical study show that there are statistically significant correlational and causal relationships between the professional burnout of educators and the features of their self-esteem and perfect motivation: the components of self-attitude to a greater extent determine professional burnout, which is also influenced by the individual's constant striving for perfection, putting forward excessively unrealistic demands for herself when she does not accept her own shortcomings. It was found that burnout determines the confidence of the subjects that the requirements for them are excessive, but they must be followed due to the desire to be accepted and get the approval of colleagues and management of the institution, etc.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Tetyana Koltunovych Halyna Chuyko Copyright (c) 2022 Tetyana Koltunovych, Halyna Chuyko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 8 4 7 27 10.31108/1.2022.8.4.1