PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2020-03-03T10:32:00+02:00 Klimovskyi Stanislav Open Journal Systems <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 12 times a year (from 2019).</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (КВ &nbsp;№ &nbsp;24063-13903 &nbsp;ПР&nbsp;of 22.07.2019). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> THE ROLE OF SCENARIOS FOR THE ACHIEVEMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING BY UNIVERSITY LECTURERS AND SCIENTISTS IN THEIR ACME-PERIOD 2020-03-03T10:04:54+02:00 Halyna Handzilevska Eduard Balashov Anastasiia Onypchuk <p>The article studies theoretically and methodologically the problem of psychological well-being of university lecturers and scientists at their acme-period. In addition to the theoretical analysis of the examined scientific concepts, we make am attempt to research empirically the features of deployment of lecturers’ and scientists’ subjective and psychological well-being in their acme period in comparison with the personnel not engaged in scientific work; university lecturers’ and scientists’ scenarios is researched as the psychological resources or barriers for psychological well-being in the acme period.&nbsp;</p> <p>We used the Scale of Subjective Well-Being of M.V. Sokolova, C. Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being (in adaptation of T.D. Shevelenkova, T. P. Fesenko) and Student's t-test and found that university lecturers’ and scientists’ general psychological well-being at their acme-period is higher than that of others professions. University lecturers and scientists prefer to construct goals in life and social relationships, they are focused on personal growth and self-improvement in daily activities. We used S. Maximova’s questionnaire on early childhood decisions, which is the modification of&nbsp; V. Petrovsky’s method “Children’s Thoughts”, adapted into Ukrainian by H. Handzilevska and U. Nikitchuk, and correlation analysis and investigated different scenarios of university lecturers and scientists; these scenarios perform various functions at achieving of psychological well-being. So, the scientists’ resourceful scenarios for psychological well-being includes the prescriptions “Try”, “Be strong”; the barriers scenarios includes prescriptions “Don’t&nbsp; be small, don’t be spontaneous”, “Don’t invent”, “Don’t grow up”, “Don’t be successful”, “Don’t get closer”. At the same time, we found that the order “Hurry up” was a resource for life goal construction, personal growth, self-improvement, however, it was a barrier to self-acceptance. The same result was for the order “Be excellence”, which optimizes the social environment, however, is not favourable for self-acceptance. In addition, the comparison between the sample of the Ukrainian writers and scientists-emigrants and the sample of emigrants not involved in such activities showed that narrativization is a factor of differences appeared in certain types of social-cultural adaptation and in the basic acmeological resources for life scenarios.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-03-03T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## LANGUAGE AS A FACTOR OF PASSIONARITY DYNAMICS 2020-03-03T10:07:39+02:00 Oleksii Bedlinskyi <p>The article substantiates the influence of bilingualism and mixed-lingualism on the collective unconscious of people, in general, and the dynamics of the ethnic group’s passionarity, in particular. Language is considered as a matrix of the collective unconscious, which is one of the factors changing the passionarity energy. Association dictionaries of Ukrainian-speaking, Russian-speaking and mixed-speaking bilinguals were composed; these dictionaries consist of 32 words-stimuli and associative reactions to them and were compiled by the results of an association experiment, which was attended by 360 students of A. S. Makarenko State Pedagogical University in Sumy. The performed analysis of the associative dictionaries confirms that Russian-speaking bilinguals have more paradigmatic (associative) responses by contrast. The syntagmation (predicative) reactions of mixed-speakers are more similar to the reaction of investigated Ukrainian-speakers, and the paradigmatic (associative) reactions of mixed-speakers respondents are more similar to the reaction of Russian-speaking than that of Ukrainian-speaking people. It is proved that associations can influence the formation of norms, values, behaviour patterns, gestalts, archetypes, etc. The transfer of meanings of goodness, justice, love, and so on onto social groups of other scales can become one of the excitation mechanisms of the passionarity energy.&nbsp; Meanings, norms, and behaviour stereotypes, etc. can be fixed in the collective unconscious and language and passed on to descendants during native language mastering, relatively independent of modern culture. The reasons for the passionarity surges and passionarity decreases are not related to gene mutations, as L. M. Humilev, the author of the “Passion theory of ethnogenesis”, stated, but to changes in the relations between language, collective unconscious, environment, an individual’s level of consciousness and performed activities, which determine the passionarity differentiation – a reduced number of harmonious individuals and an increased number of passionars and subpassionars. During the natural development of an ethnic group, the number and quality of the means displaying universal values is growing, both in the language and in the collective unconscious of the ethnic group, which leads to a large number of harmonic individuals and decreased passionarity energy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-03-03T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## TOLERANCE IN THE LIFE OF AN INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY 2020-03-03T10:06:35+02:00 Halyna Chuyko Yan Chaplak <p>The article analyses the understanding of tolerance in psychology and determines its role in human life and human relations.</p> <p>The article notes that a complete, agreed by many scholars, scientific theoretical concept of tolerance has not yet formed, which is explained by the ambiguity, multi-aspect and the complex nature of this phenomenon.</p> <p>We divided the definitions of tolerance into three groups: 1) tolerance understood as a moral quality of a person; 2) it included into the system of human values; 3) the role of tolerance in effective interactions at interpersonal relations to achieve mutual understanding and consent of people. However, factually, different definitions of tolerance combine different understandings of it, emphasizing the complex nature of this phenomenon.</p> <p>The scholars propose to distinguish tolerance to any person (to Other), who differs in appearance, psychological characteristics, lifestyle, nationality, race, religion, etc., and intolerance to their immoral actions. The violations of the norms of universal human and public morality are the limit of tolerance.</p> <p>We proposed to distinguish the hierarchy of tolerance types, according to the degree of its manifestation: 1) tolerance as a conscious and unconditional acceptance of Other; 2) as acceptance of another people, if they do not commit evil; 3) internal non-acceptance, but respect to the rights and freedoms of Other; 4) non-acceptance with the wish to reconcile with the differences of another person for the sake of communication with them and mutual agreement; 5) non-acceptance with the suppression of disagreement with Other for the sake of mutual understanding and cooperation.</p> <p>The study results are generalized in the conclusion that since the phenomenon of tolerance was analyzed in different sciences, and there were quite a large number of interpretations of this concept, it is worth admitting its complicated, complex nature, dependence on a specific science and social situation of its development, and the importance of this phenomenon for the existence and development of society and civilization as a whole.</p> <p>The article concludes that tolerance is a personal trait manifested in a well-disposed and unprejudiced attitude to another person, who could differ in any way, as to an equal personality, who has the right to their own system of life values, principles and world outlook and freedom to choose their way of life and achieve happiness but does not commit moral evil (harm) to another person, nature or civilization.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-03-03T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CORRECTIVE MODEL FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE WITH MOTOR DISORDERS 2020-03-03T10:09:59+02:00 Inna Chukhrii <p>Due to the rapid economic and political changes in Ukraine, the problem of psychological assistance is becoming increasingly important. The demand for psycho-correctional, counselling and psychotherapeutic services for the country population is growing. The psychological services to disabled young people, including anti-terrorist operation veterans with past-damage motor disorders, are of particular importance. The programs of socio-psychological support for disabled young people with are being implemented at the state level, but this problem is not sufficiently developed. In order to provide comprehensive psychological assistance to young people with motor disorders, we developed and tested a new program aimed at overcoming the socio-psychological maladaptation of young people with motor disorders. Its main component is a psychological corrective model of psychological mechanisms of social adaptation of young people with motor disorders.</p> <p>The basic structure of the model is&nbsp;the theoretical model of psychological mechanisms of social adaptation of young people with motor disorders&nbsp;proposed by Shevtsov A.G., Chukhrii I.V. The proposed model covers the psychological means correcting the psychological mechanisms of social adaptation of young people with motor disorders and consisted of an educational part (educational seminars for young disabled people; summer camps for them; press-conferences; lectures; programs of socio-psychological support of young people with motor disorders; round tables) and the psychological corrective work&nbsp; (psychological counselling, individual and group psychotherapy).</p> <p>The psychological corrective means influence the psychological adaptive strategies of social adaptation used by young people with disabilities. As a result of the proposed means application, these young people can experience the following personal changes: a more stable self-concept; balancing and developed adaptive strategies of social adaptation; increased&nbsp; adaptability, improved self-acceptance, acceptance of others, better emotional comfort, higher independence, deeper cooperation; reduced maladaptation, self-rejection, emotional discomfort, submissiveness, lower external control, less manifestations of aggression, competition, avoidance, depression, defence mechanisms, frustration; increased social activity. The program proposed in the article is effective and can be implemented in the centres for social and psychological rehabilitation of young people with disabilities.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-03-03T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE COMPREHENSIVE SYSTEM FOR OVERCOMING RESISTANCE TO CHANGES: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS 2020-03-03T10:10:17+02:00 Zlata Gromova <p>The article substantiates theoretically and methodologically the foundations of the comprehensive system for overcoming resistance to changes by a person (CSOCR). The empirical study aimed at identification of the psychological characteristics associated with resistance to changes is presented. The performed study determined that certain psychological defence mechanisms (repression, displacement, rationalization), mental rigidity (the rigidity symptom complex, actual rigidity, sensitive rigidity, premorbid rigidity), anxiety (state, trait), certain personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion) and “seeking support” coping strategy are support resistance to changes. The presented model explains 70,6 percent of the change resistance variation. The theoretical and methodological foundations are substantiated and the content of the following CSOCR components is presented: the scale screening resistance to changes (SSRC) and the training to overcome change resistance. The data on the CSOCR effectiveness are presented and analyzed. During CSOCR development, the principles of the systemic approach were observed, namely: hierarchy, structuralism, functionality, determination, robustness and emergence. The SSRC is a diagnostic and control element; it consists of 3 blocks with different content, forms and focuses: beliefs about changes, individual ways to cope with resistance to changes, and an emotional state. We used the SSRC before and after the proposed training to measure its effectiveness. The formative element of CSOCR is the training to overcome a person’s resistance to changes; it was developed on the basis of determined relations between examined psychological characteristics. The relations strength and direction were taken into account when developing training exercises to influence on the components significant for resistance to changes. The training consists of 8 modules; their contents are presented in the article: the introductory module, emotional reaction, the module at the end of the first day, short-term focus, routine seeking, cognitive rigidity, change resistance management, the completion module. The article presents data for CSOCR effectiveness evaluation. The summative assessment of these data revealed the effectiveness of the CSOCR and its components, in particular: the SSRC and the training to overcome a person’s resistance to changes. The data obtained at the experimental group showed decreased resistance to changes after the forming experiment in the experimental group (initial distribution: 11% of the respondent had high resistance to changes, 64% had medium one, and 25% had low one, control distribution: 1% of the respondent had high resistance to changes, 39% had medium one, 60% had low one) in comparison to the control group (initial distribution: 6% of the respondent had high resistance to changes, 45% had medium one, and 11% low one; control distribution: 5% of the respondent had high resistance to changes, 46% had medium one, and 11% had low one). The prospects for further research: to find factors responsible for 29.4% of data variability not determined in this study.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-03-03T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##