https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/issue/feed PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2021-12-02T12:52:02+02:00 Klimovskyi Stanislav klimovskyiss@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by<strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="https://www.apsciorg.fr/"> Association pour la Promotion des Sciences et des Innovations</a></span></strong> &nbsp;in conjunction with&nbsp;<strong><a href="http://psychology-naes-ua.institute/eng/">H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine</a></strong> from 2015 year, 12 times a year (from 2019).</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine № 409 of 17.03.2020, Annex 1), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (КВ &nbsp;№ &nbsp;24063-13903 &nbsp;ПР&nbsp;of 22.07.2019). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1301 MYTHOSEMANTIC AND MYTHOPOETIC COMPONENTS OF STUDENTS-PSYCHOLOGISTS’ SENSE OF THEMSELVES 2021-11-27T13:25:27+02:00 Liudmyla Krupelnytska krlyuda@gmail.com Tetiana Kudrina krlyuda@gmail.com <p>The study involved 85 students of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, majoring in "psychology" and "military psychology"; the average age is 21.9 years. A qualitative and quantitative analysis of sense of self which is represented in the drawings and non-reflexive mythopoetic self-descriptions. The method of content analysis was used to analyze the themes and figurative and symbolic content of texts. Mythosemantic and mythopoetic components of the students-psychologist's sense of themselves are correlated as less and more differentiated its components, which represent poorly perceived personal meanings, life landmarks and their specificity in the subjects. They primarily reflect aspects of personal and professional identification and choice of life path. It was found that mythopoetic self-descriptions of students-psychologists in terms of thematic and figurative-symbolic content, as well as the corresponding self-positioning, form five semantic blocks, unevenly represented in the studied groups.</p> <p>In terms of thematic coverage, the largest semantic block in both the group of students-civil psychologists (CP) and the group of students-military psychologists (MP) is "Person in development and search". At the same time in the group of MP difficulties of symbolization within this block are noted. The smallest block in the group MP is "Reflexive person", and in the group CP it is "Social person". In terms of its figurative and symbolic content, the "Reflexive person" block in the GP group is the second largest, but in the EP group it is the smallest. In terms of its figurative and symbolic content, the block "Social person" is less represented in the CP group, while in the MP group it is the second largest after the blocks "Person in development and search" and "Positive person". At the same time, the ratio of metalological and autological images in this block in the MP group is 1:5, that is, the images perform primarily a pictorial rather than symbolic function. For the block "Person in trials and problems" in the CP group, the prevalence of the proportion of themes over the proportion of produced images is noted. Discrepancies in thematic and figurative and symbolic content of semantic blocks may reflect a certain limitation of symbolization on topics that are problematic for an individual.</p> <p>The sense of themselves is increasingly specified in the СP by aspects of reflexivity and personal development, and in the MP by aspects of social normativity and positivity.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-11-27T11:31:13+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1311 PROBLEMS OF RESEARCH OF SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL PHENOMENON 2021-12-02T12:52:02+02:00 Natalia Slobodyanik ripido.gatto@gmail.com <p>The article analyzes the features of the study of social intelligence as a phenomenon of psychological science. It is noted that researchers are increasingly interested in the constructs that regulate personality behavior in society; analysis of real human life in specific socio-economic and historical conditions, including the social intelligence of the individual. The interrelation of the problems characterizing modern researches of social intelligence is opened; The main problems of its study are highlighted and analyzed, including insufficient development of existing scientific approaches to the study of social intelligence, difficulties in creating tools for measuring social intelligence, the difficulty of extracting social intelligence from the context of everyday life, the need to consider belonging to specific social groups. . And also in the article the most substantiated concepts of social intelligence are considered, their advantages, disadvantages are shown, the reasons of occurrence at researchers of social intelligence of feeling of a deadlock are analyzed.<br> Particular attention is paid to the limited nature of basic information about social intelligence in the study of schoolchildren and students. It is noted that since the social intelligence of the individual develops in the process of socialization, it is qualitatively different at different stages of ontogenesis.</p> <p>Some perspective directions of research of social intelligence of the person are offered and proved. Social intelligence is defined as a global ability arising from a set of individual, personal, communicative and behavioral traits, including the level of energy security of self-regulation processes: these traits determine the prediction of interpersonal situations, interpretation of information and behavior, readiness for social interaction and decision making.</p> <p>It is noted that another problem in the scientific study of social intelligence is the limited tools for empirical research. One of the directions in obtaining an empirical description of social intelligence without theoretical justification, but with high motivation to go beyond the psychometric method, was the use in one study of several measurement procedures of different types: tests, questionnaires, self-assessments, self-reports and practical tasks. The main claim of the critics before this toolkit was the inadmissibility of the simultaneous use of fundamentally different methods of collecting empirical data. It should be noted that the studies of this group showed contradictory results. Such findings have led researchers to pose the problem of additional measurements aimed at studying the actual behavior of the individual in different situations.<br> It is emphasized that modern researchers are actively using the test of J. Guilford and M. Sullivan "Diagnosis of social intelligence." The severity of the indicators of the four subtests determines the overall level of development of social intelligence of the individual: low, medium, high.<br> Developed social intelligence allows you to communicate with other people, gives the opportunity to solve problems, where the condition for achieving the desired result is to take into account the human factor. Moreover, it allows a person to assess their own strengths and weaknesses, to correlate their actions with the requirements of moral and professional norms that have formed. And it is also a necessary condition for effective interpersonal interaction and successful social adaptation of the individual.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-11-27T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1302 NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE NEUROTICISM NATURE: EVIDENCE FOR A HETEROGENEITY OF CONSTRUCT 2021-11-27T09:43:07+02:00 Karine Malysheva karinemalysheva@gmail.com Serhii Lytvyn sergiylytvyn@gmail.com <p>This work is devoted to the neuropsychological study of personality traits from the point of view of "Big Five" model of personality. The focus is on neuroticism and its neuropsychological correlates in the broader context of the neuroscience. The data on the genetics of neuroticism, the results of neuroimaging studies, and the neurochemical mechanisms of this trait are analyzed. It has been shown that neuroticism as a neuropsychological construct has a heterogeneous structure: an analysis of numerous studies makes it possible to distinguish two relatively independent types of neuroticism, which are associated with specific types of adaptation and different "modus vivendi". Two aspects of neuroticism (according to C.G. DeYoung), such as "volatility" and "withdrawal", from the point of view of genetics, correspond to two endophenotypes: "depressed affect" and "worry". So the processing of aversive stimuli in people with a "volatile" type of neuroticism is mainly manifested in the form of active avoidance of the source of danger, which takes the form of irritability and moodiness. The leading emotional problematic for such people concerns loneliness. The neural circuits that are overactive in this type of neuroticism affect the limbic system, in particular the amygdala. In EEG studies, the role of the left hemisphere, mainly of its frontal regions, has also been established. There is a connection between this aspect and impulsivity, which manifests itself in bad habits, patterns of reproductive and eating behavior. In turn, the "withdrawn" type demonstrates a tendency towards passive avoidance of the source of unpleasant experiences, poverty of expression, and perfectionism. Mental maladjustment takes the form of detachment, "freezing",&nbsp; practices that indicate emotional decompensation are concerns about the correctness of their decisions and actions. The neural circuits that mediate these behavioral patterns bypass the amygdala and engage the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical loop. EEG studies also revealed the right hemispheric accent of this type of neuroticism. A connection is traced between the psychogenetics of neuroticism, neuropsychological models of the personality trait of neuroticism (as well as its aspects: lability and alienation), as well as the types of defenses against the fear of death, which are offered in the existential approach (by Irwin Yalom). Thus, it seems reasonable to distinguishing two different types of neuroticism, which have an independent genetic origin and a different psychological nature.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1305 SUBJECTIVE SEXUAL WELL-BEING: CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE CONCEPT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MODEL 2021-11-27T11:57:50+02:00 Viktoriia Hupalovska vktoriia.hupalovska@gmail.com <p>The importance of interpersonal and sexual relations and realized sexuality in the concepts of subjective well-being is considered quite often, but the understanding of sexual well-being is presented rather vaguely, mainly in the context of medical issues as the absence of sexual dysfunction, as a component of sexual health, is equated with the satisfaction of sexual life.</p> <p>This article uses theoretical research methods - analysis, generalization, synthesis, conceptualization and modelling.</p> <p>Based on theories and approaches to subjective well-being, is highlights the concept of sexual well-being and presents a psychological model of subjective sexual well-being. We define sexual well-being as the harmonious realization by the subject of his sexuality on the bodily-physical, soul-emotional and spiritual-mental levels; a person's harmonious experience of belonging to the sex and an adaptive way of realizing this belonging. In a broad sense, subjective sexual well-being can be seen as a multifactorial construct that reflects the complex interrelationships of cultural (for example, continuum of norms accepted in culture), social (permissibility of certain thoughts and actions), psychological (cognitive, emotional and behavioral; for example, attractiveness, desirability, satisfaction, self-esteem), physical (physical attractiveness, sexual constitution) and spiritual factors (transcendence, axiological interpretation).</p> <p>Sexual well-being can be considered on at least two levels - non-deficient, from the standpoint of the absence of disorders and problems; and at the level of eudemonic, meaningful, existentially filled. According to the levels of sexual development, sexual well-being can be assessed at the bodily-physical level, soul-emotional and mental-spiritual level.</p> <p>Sexual well-being can be represented in the trinity of cognitive, emotional and conative (motivational, behavioral) components. The cognitive component includes: self-awareness as a representative of the sex, acceptance of one's own self-sexual, acceptance of one's own gender, orientation and attraction, one's own body, corporeality, acceptance of a partner, partnership, trust and openness, communication. The emotional component includes a positive assessment of oneself as a sexual subject, satisfaction with a partner, partnership, intimacy, satisfaction with sexual life. The conative component includes: libido, sexual interest, openness of experience, adaptive sexual scenarios, sexual security (absence of violence, coercion, blackmail, discrimination), freedom of expression, equal partnership.</p> <p>Factors of sexual well-being are individual (permissiveness, sexual interest, realized sexuality), dyadic (relationships as value, sexual communication, intimacy, trust, openness) and evaluation factors (satisfaction with one's own self-sexual, satisfaction with sexual relations, partnership, satisfaction with sexual life in general).</p> <p>We can talk about the levels of determinations of sexual well-being: 1) ) determinants of the personal level or microsystem (socio-demographic characteristics, sexual dysfunctions, personality traits, sexual self-disclosure, attitudes toward sexuality and subjective well-being); 2) determinants of the interpersonal level or mesosystem (characteristics of the relationship itself, sexual communication, intimacy, equality, openness, trust, romantic love, partnership), 3) determinants of exosystems (traditions, family values, social support, pregnancy, parenthood, victimization and victimization) in childhood); 4) determinants of macrosystems (religiosity and political ideology, public morals and values, freedom of expression).</p> <p>Further study of sexual well-being requires empirical verification of theoretical assumptions, clarification of empirical criteria of sexual well-being with the help of our developed psychological tools for psychodiagnostic measurement of this indicator.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1306 PERCEPTION OF THE WORD-STIMULUS «LIFE» WITNESSES OF THE HOLODOMOR AND THEIR DESCENDANTS 2021-11-27T13:25:27+02:00 Iryna Yevchenko andrumia@ukr.net Andrii Masliuk andrumia@ukr.net <p>The article contains the results of a comparative analysis of the associative series on the word-stimulus of «life» of famine witnesses and the descendants of famine witnesses in Ukraine.</p> <p>The scientific approaches to determining the features of traumatic situations, the consequences of traumatization have been considered. The analysis of modern scientific works devoted to the problems of studying traumatic events, suggests that «unprocessed» trauma adversely affects the personal development of the personality and, accordingly, the consequences of traumatization affect future generations.</p> <p>In order to identify the peculiarities of the perception of the word-stimulus of "life" by the descendants of famine witnesses, an empirical study was conducted in which three groups of descendants of the famine witnesses were identified: potential children of the witnesses to the famine (1st generation), potential grandchildren of the witnesses to the famine (2nd generation), potential right-wing victims (3rd generation). The participants of the survey knew about the events of the Holodomor in Ukraine, and a significant part received this knowledge not only in educational institutions, but also in their own families.</p> <p>The analyzed results were compared with the results of the witnesses to the famine on the word-stimulus «life», which were obtained by one of the authors during the previous psychological research.</p> <p>&nbsp;According to the empirical research, we can say that the associative field of the word-stimulus of «life» in the witnesses to the famine and their descendants has significant differences. For the witnesses to famine and the descendants in the 1st generation, the associations with the word stimulus «life» have a more negative load, that is, the witnesses to the famine and the descendants in the 1st generation perceive life as complicated, more prone to disappointment. The representatives of the II and III generations have managed to rethink their attitude towards life, so they are attuned to a positive perception of life events.</p> <p>The third generation pays the greatest attention to the time perspective of life, although age features contribute to the sharpened attitude to life events as something mythical, mysterious. According to the results of the study, we cannot unambiguously state the reduction of the traumatic impact of the Holodomor events in Ukraine with each future generation, so additional psychological research is needed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##