https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/issue/feed PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2021-04-14T16:34:08+03:00 Klimovskyi Stanislav klimovskyiss@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by<strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="https://www.apsciorg.fr/"> Association pour la Promotion des Sciences et des Innovations</a></span></strong> &nbsp;in conjunction with&nbsp;<strong><a href="http://psychology-naes-ua.institute/eng/">H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine</a></strong> from 2015 year, 12 times a year (from 2019).</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine № 409 of 17.03.2020, Annex 1), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (КВ &nbsp;№ &nbsp;24063-13903 &nbsp;ПР&nbsp;of 22.07.2019). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1181 CORRELATIONS OF MOTIVATIONAL-MEANING ORIENTATIONS AND PERSONAL FACTORS FOR PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS 2021-04-14T13:42:36+03:00 Iryna Burovska iryna.burovska@gmail.com <p>The article studies correlations between motivational-meaning orientations and personal factors for patients having diabetes mellitus. The study involved 79 people undergoing treatment for diabetes mellitus at the Kiev City Endocrinology Center: 31 men, 48women, with average age of 52.22, σ = 16.61. The following methods were used: “Diagnostics of the motivational structure of personality” (Milman, 1990), “Meaningful life orientations” (Leontiev, 2000) and “Five-Factor Personality Questionnaire” (Khromov, 2000). The motives of support were significantly more important than the motives of development for patients with diabetes mellitus, which indicated the regressive personal tendencies.</p> <p>As for meaningful life orientations, the indicator of goals was low, the indicators of satisfaction with a life process and life results were somewhat more optimistic. The results for the indicators of the locus of control-Self and the locus of control-life were different: locus of control-Self was low, but locus of control-life was sufficient. That is, the respondents believed in the fundamental capability to manage their lives, but they did not believe that they were able to manage it themselves. The obtained data are consistent with the results of other authors on the externality of the locus of control for such patients.</p> <p>Men with diabetes mellitus more often, in comparison with women, see life meaning in its results, feel themselves masters of their own lives, and are guided in their behavior by motives of life support. As for the analyzed personal traits, low values were obtained for all factors identified with the Five-Factor Personality Questionnaire. “Playfulness-practicality” factor turned up to be the lowest, which reflected that the studied people had tendency to be closed to new experience, afraid for changes but to be more practical, realistic, focus on adaptation to everyday life, and be concern about the material side of life.</p> <p>The revealed correlations of motivational-meaning orientations with personal traits for patients with diabetes mellitus were weak and of a low significance, therefore, they rather allow us to speak about tendencies than about regularities. These tendencies, first of all, include the specific refraction of motivational-meaning orientations through the respondents’ personal traits changed because disease, namely, egocentrism, a low prosocial orientation, the external locus of control, rejection of new experience, suspiciousness, misunderstanding of other people and focusing on one’s own problems.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-03-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1182 THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE BELBIN TEAM ROLES TEST AND ITS USE IN LAW-ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF UKRAINE 2021-04-14T13:59:00+03:00 Vadym I. Barko barkoua@ukr.net Vadym V. Barko barkowork@ukr.net Viktor Bondarenko barkua@ukr.net <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong>The article examines of&nbsp;theoretical&nbsp;approaches&nbsp;to the Belbin Team Roles test&nbsp;– a psychological examining instrument widely used from the eighties of the last century in English-speaking countries&nbsp;by psychologists for professional selection and psychological support of organizational staff, including law enforcement structures.&nbsp;The test is currently considered as one of the most proven&nbsp;psychological examining instrument assessing&nbsp;team roles&nbsp;that a person &nbsp;plays in&nbsp;professional activities.&nbsp;The Belbin Team Roles test was developed on the basis of multi-stage research involving various organizations and teams.Ukraine does not have any Ukrainian-language version of this test, although its structure and diagnostic capabilities&nbsp;allow its&nbsp;usage in different law enforcement agencies.&nbsp;The article reveals the theoretical&nbsp;basis of the&nbsp;Belbin Team Roles test, which&nbsp;is based&nbsp;on an orthogonal model of the interaction of two&nbsp;basic personality scales, according to Eysenck’s theory,&nbsp;- introversion-extraversion and&nbsp;anxiety-stability.&nbsp;The study confirmed the feasibility of carrying out special work to adapt the Belbin Team Roles test into Ukrainian for the needs of the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. This is due to the fact that the tests gives a comprehensive psychological examination of a person's predisposition to perform one or more team roles in a unit – a chief, a planner, a think tank, an evaluator, an investigator, a work addict, a team coordinator and a finisher. The test contains a set of statements, grouped into seven thematic groups; the respondents do not require a significant amount of time to complete the proposed tasks. After test filling by employees of a body of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, a psychologist can determine their belonging to a certain personality type, which determines their ability to perform certain roles in a unit; this will help to correctly determine employees’ specializations in a body of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in a particular law enforcement area, as well as the optimal role in a unit.</p> <p>The authors have convincingly confirmed the expediency of using this test in psychological work with personnel of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, because the test allows complex psychological examination of important&nbsp;social-psychological&nbsp;characteristics and can determine employees’ inclination to perform one of eight key team roles during the professional activities.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-03-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1183 PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF LIE DETECTION IN STUDIES USING A POLYGRAPH 2021-04-14T14:08:16+03:00 Yuliia Boiko-Buzyl b-byy@ukr.net <p>The article analyses the psychological category of lies in the perspective of polygraph examinations, which are now popular and in demand. It is emphasized that polygraph examinations are the only tool for establishing the truth, which is built taking into account the patterns of neural connections in the human brain and involves comprehensive consideration of psychophysiological changes in an individual’s body. Testing with a lie detector is a unique instrumental technique, a complex process of special equipment depending on a polygraph examiner’s professionalism in order to establish the truth, because a polygraph is a device that detects lies, i.e. special hardware for special verification of truthfulness. In our country the use of the polygraph is indirectly regulated at the legislative level, in particular, examinations of people in general are allowed, but polygraph testing is not specified. There is still no special law determining an algorithm for polygraph using. The current regulations governing the procedure for polygraph inspections are departmental and relate to staffing. The activity of polygraph examiners in Ukraine is widespread, but in the format of services provided by public organizations.</p> <p>The essential content of lie detection, which is understood as a set of techniques that help determine the reliability and veracity of information, is analyzed. Because a lie means deliberate distortion of information and polygraph examinations are a type of research activity aimed at truth establishing, the concepts, functions, forms and types of lies are described. During a polygraph investigation, a lie means transmission of information that is completely or partially untrue; it means distortion (cognitive changes), untruth, insincerity (pretending), deception aimed at truth concealing or misleading. Given that the most common reasons for using a lie detector are a competition or examination of candidates for a vacant position, official investigations, forensic psychological examination or personal initiatives, the examined people mostly tries to convince, prove something, justify, etc., so the function of lies to protect interests, often their own. There are two forms of lies: silence and distortion. By default, the information is hidden, but not distorted; in the case of distortion, it is not only hidden, but also supplemented or replaced and pretended to be true. Common types of lies in polygraph research are: mystification, substitution of concepts, self-deception, lying for good, misleading, exaggeration / belittling, slander. Levels of lie recognition (psychophysiological, verbal, nonverbal) and approaches to its detection (emotional, volitional, cognitive) are determined. Emphasis is placed on the psychological aspects of lie detection when using a polygraph. Attention is paid to topical issues of lie detection with a polygraph.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-03-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1184 PSYCHOLOGICAL CORRECTION OF GAMBLING ADDICTION AT EARLY YOUTH AGE: APPROACHES AND RESULTS OF THE EMPIRICAL STUDY 2021-04-14T15:54:42+03:00 Vadym Urkaev vadimbuhre@gmail.com Bogdan Pleskach pleskach.bogdan@gmail.com <p>Low efficiency of gambling addiction treatment makes important psychological correction of gambling predisposition. Existing corrective programs target a wide range of addiction disorders (both chemical and behavioural) and clients’ ages. However, there is a deficit of programs aimed at correcting the propensity to gambling (deviation) for 16-17 year old people. The intervention in this period is especially needed because deviations are transformed most often into pathological addiction at this age. The theoretical basis for psychological correction of predisposition to gambling in early youth age remains insufficiently developed, so our work in this area has the scientific novelty.</p> <p>The reviewed scientific literature has shown that predisposition to gambling in early youth age is associated with a violation of self-determination. This is manifested in the following features: a broken identity, failure to put forward clear life goals, inability for self-realization in a chosen profession; impossibility to be independent (psychological dependence). The ascertaining experiment was completed with a sample (n = 71) with equal participation of men and women and equal frequency of predisposition to gambling. The obtained results show that the following features increase predisposition to gambling: psychological dependence, co-dependency, broken identity, disorders of self-actualization, lack of clear goals in life and dedication, low self-esteem, psychological distress.</p> <p>The corrective program was developed on the basis of the following principles: “leading activity”, “systematic development”, “top-down correction”. Based on the listed principles, we can argue that psychological correction in early youth age can help students: find their place in society and life goals, develop self-awareness, and work with causal targets (psychological dependence, broken identity, impaired self-actualization, low self-esteem). It is substantiated that the greatest efficiency of the correctional program can be achieved in the format of “group meetings”, complemented by thematic mini-lectures and psychological techniques. The proposed program included 17 meetings (90–120 minutes each) once a week.</p> <p>Two correctional groups consisted of 25 persons of early youth age, among which 15 had the predisposition to gambling, participated in the formative experiment. After the formative experiment, only 8 people showed predisposition to gambling. The observed decrease is not an accident, it is a regularity, as evidenced by Wilcoxon W-criterion (p &lt;0.05).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-03-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/1185 THE EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON STRESS COPING STYLES 2021-04-14T16:34:08+03:00 Oleksandra Kogut Aleksandra13-76@ukr.net <p><strong>Problem statement.</strong> The article presents the theoretical and empirical research of three stress coping styles: adaptive, relatively adaptive, maladaptive. The special attention is paid to the empirical study on each style components: personal reactions to stress, psychological defence, endurance under aggressive work conditions and threats to life, fast resources recovery after stress, ability to build partnerships, responsibility and determination, a set of adequate reactions to stress. <strong>Objective.</strong> To carry out an empirical research of police patrol officers’ stress coping styles. <strong>Research Methods</strong>. The diagnostic base included the following methods: E. Heim’s method examining coping strategies, “Don’t let a person fall” express-diagnostics of A. Smirnova (projective technique), “Assessment of nervous and mental tension” of T. Nemchin, “A person under rain” (projective technique) of A. Romanova and T.&nbsp;Sitko, the inquirer of the social-psychological adaptation of C.Rogers and R.Diamond, “Transactional analysis of communication” of E. Ilyin. <strong>Research results.</strong> Most respondents with adaptive style of stress overcoming in extreme conditions apply successful coping strategies (66%), they quickly recover lost resources, are prone to partner communication, responsible, show leadership qualities, find a way out of situations and are able to lead others, feel protected in a stressful situation, are able to perform duties under aggressive working conditions, rarely get into critical situations because they always carefully calculate all possible variants of events and try to foresee everything that can happen, in a critical situation they are not confused and can do everything necessary to correct what has happened. Patrol officers with the maladaptive style are unable to work in extreme working conditions, feel unprotected in aggressive conditions, and react to stress naively and timidly.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-03-30T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##