The peculiarities of communicative competence of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and dysarthria are discussed. The performed literature review has revealed that almost half of children with ASD show violations of both expressive and impressive speech, and moreover, ambiguous results were obtained regarding existing correlations between speech disorders of children with ASD and children with dysarthria. This necessitated the study on the speech competence of these two children categories. The experiment was attended by 75 preschool children from 4 to 6 years old from Lviv: 25 children with ASD (20 boys and 5 girls), 25 children with dysarthria and 25 children with typical development. The following techniques were used: 1) the technique “Examination of children’s speech readiness for school” to determine children’s communicative competencies; 2) the method “Profile of a child’s social development” to determine their interaction with adults and peers. Basing on the study results, we have found out that only middle or low levels of communicative competencies were observed at preschool children with ASD and children with dysarthria. No children with high or sufficient levels of communicative competence were identified. In terms of communicative activities, there was a qualitative similarity between the two categories of children. However, the study results suggest a significant difference between them: children with ASD interact better with adults than children with dysarthria, while children with dysarthria interact better with peers than children with ASD. Based on the obtained results, a corrective care strategy for the studied children categories has been proposed.
Bazyma, N.V., Moroz, O.V. (2013) Osoblyvosti neverbal`noyi ta verbal`noyi komunikaciyi u ditej z autyzmom [Features of nonverbal and verbal communication in children with autism], Logopediya (pp. 3-8). [in Ukrainian].
Zajchenko, G.D. (2013) Formuvannya komunikatyvnyx navychok u ditej z rozladamy autychnogo spektra shlyaxom vykorystannya igrovyx pryjomiv [Formation of communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorders through the use of game techniques], Osvita osib z osoblyvymy potrebamy: shlyaxy rozbudovy (pp. 122-131). [in Ukrainian].
Nurieva, L. G. (2003) Razvitie rechi u autichnyih detey [Speech development in autistic children]. – Moscow: Terevinf [in Russian].
Ostrovs`ka, K. O., Rybak, Yu. V., Mel`nyk, U. R., Guk, Ye. V., Zaplatyns`ka, A. B., & Fert, O. G. (2009) Social`nyj suprovid ditej z autyzmom pid chas navchannya [Social support for children with autism during training]. - L`viv: Triada plyus [in Ukrainian].
Sviders`ka, M.M. (2016) Rozvytok impresyvnogo movlennya pry normal`nomu ontogenezi ta rozladax spektru autyzmu [Development of impressive speech in normal ontogenesis and autism spectrum disorders]. Naukovyj chasopys Nacional`nogo pedagogichnogo universytetu imeni M. P. Dragomanova (pp. 120-124). [in Ukrainian].
Skrypnyk, T.V., Belyak, S.V. (2017) Rol` vizual`noyi pidtrymky v komunikatyvno-movlennyevomu rozvytku ditej z autyzmom [The role of visual support in the communicative and speech development of children with autism]. Aktual`ni problemy pedagogiky, psyxologiyi ta profesijnoyi osvity (pp. S. 70-75). [in Ukrainian].
Tarasun, V.V. (2018) Autologiya: teoriya i praktyka: pidruchnyk [Autology: theory and practice: a textbook]. - Kyyiv: VADEKS [in Ukrainian].
Sheremet, M.K., Kondukova, S.V. (2010) Osoblyvosti movlennyevogo rozvytku ditej z RDA [Features of speech development of children with RDA]. Zbirnyk naukovyx pracz` Kam'yanecz`-Podil`s`kogo nacional`nogo universytetu imeni I. Ogiyenka : Seriya: social`no-pedagogichna. Kam'necz`-Podil`s`kyj (pp. 462-467). [in Ukrainian].
Shul`zhenko, D.I. (2009) Osnovy psyxologichnoyi korekciyi autystychnyx porushen` u ditej [Fundamentals of psychological correction of autistic disorders in children]. - Kyyiv::Slovo [in Ukrainian].
Chenausky, K., Brignell, A., Morgan, A., Tager-Flusberg, H. (2019) Motor speech impairment predicts expressive language in minimally verbal, but not low verbal, individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Autism & Developmental Language Impairment (pp.346-354)
Fatemi, S.H., Aldinger, K.A., Ashwood, P., Bauman, M.L., Blaha, C.D., Blatt, G.J., Chauhan, A., Chauhan, V., Dager, S.R., Dickson, P.E., Estes, A.M., Goldowitz, D., Heck, D.H., Kemper, T.L., King, B.H., Martin, L.A., Millen, K.J., Mittleman, G., Mosconi, M.W., Persico, A.M. Sweeney, J.A., Webb, S.J., and Welsh, J.P. (2012) Consensus Paper: Pathological Role of the Cerebellum in Autism. Cerebellum. (pp. 777-807).
Hubbard, D.J., Faso, D.J., Assmann, P.F. and Sasson, N.J. (2017) Production and perception of emotional prosody by adults with autism spectrum disorder (pp. 1991-2001).
Kjellmer, L., Fernell, E., Gillberg, Ch. and Norrelgen, F. (2018) Speech and language profiles in 4- to 6-year-old children with early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat (pp. 2415-2427).
Shriberg, L.D., Paul, R., Black, L.M. and van Santen J.P. (2011) The Hypothesis of Apraxia of Speech in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism Dev Disord (pp. 405-426).
Sullivan, K., Sharda, M., Greenson, J., Dawson, D., and Singh, N.C. (2013) A novel method for assessing the development of speech motor function in toddlers with autism spectrum disorders. Front Integr Neurosci (pp.7 - 17).
Yoder, P., Watson, L.R., and Lambert, W. (2015) Value-Added Predictors of Expressive and Receptive Language Growth in Initially Nonverbal Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord (pp. 1254-1270).
Wing, L. (1989) The diagnosis of autism. Gillberg C (ed.) Diagnosis and treatment of autism. – New York: Plenum Press.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/