The peculiarities of communicative competence of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and dysarthria are discussed. The performed literature review has revealed that almost half of children with ASD show violations of both expressive and impressive speech, and moreover, ambiguous results were obtained regarding existing correlations between speech disorders of children with ASD and children with dysarthria. This necessitated the study on the speech competence of these two children categories. The experiment was attended by 75 preschool children from 4 to 6 years old from Lviv: 25 children with ASD (20 boys and 5 girls), 25 children with dysarthria and 25 children with typical development. The following techniques were used: 1) the technique “Examination of children’s speech readiness for school” to determine children’s communicative competencies; 2) the method “Profile of a child’s social development” to determine their interaction with adults and peers. Basing on the study results, we have found out that only middle or low levels of communicative competencies were observed at preschool children with ASD and children with dysarthria. No children with high or sufficient levels of communicative competence were identified. In terms of communicative activities, there was a qualitative similarity between the two categories of children. However, the study results suggest a significant difference between them: children with ASD interact better with adults than children with dysarthria, while children with dysarthria interact better with peers than children with ASD. Based on the obtained results, a corrective care strategy for the studied children categories has been proposed.
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