The article discusses the structure and components of professional readaptation from the point of view of its meaningful content, its components in their interrelations and influence on a modern person. The essence and content of the concepts belonging to the synonymic-antonymic series: “adaptation” – “re-adaptation”, “general adaptive syndrome” – “general re-adaptive syndrome”, which are related to stereotypical changes appearing at the psychophysiological level, are clarified. The common and different characteristics of the stages of a modern person’s professional adaptation and re-adaptation are determined. With the help of the appropriate theoretical tools, the features and main peculiarities of non-specific re-adaptation and specific re-adaptation are distinguished.
The general methodological and organizational aspects of a modern person’s professional re-adaptation as a process are specified within the context of specific psychogenic factors. The stages of professional re-adaptation are distinguished: incomplete adaptation; relatively stable adaptation; complete adaptation. Particular attention is paid to the reasons and consequences associated with a person’s acute rejection to enter into any stage of professional re-adaptation. The professional readaptation is considered within the following optimal intervals (1-3 months); (3-6 months); (6-12 months). The consequences of going beyond the optimal intervals (the re-adaptive period is longer than 12 months) are specified.
The qualitative criteria for professional re-adaptation are revealed with the markers of “healthy” professional re-adaptation and “painful” professional re-adaptation. From the point of view of the subjective evaluation, a modern person’s professional re-adaptation is described as: acquired “imaginary (deceptive, false) adaptation”; acquired “real adaptation that was lost earlier”. The article is focused on the notion of “half-decay” of knowledge and the impact of this phenomenon on the ultimate quality of professional readaptation in the 21st century. The experience of foreign countries as for the time frames of the “half-decay” of knowledge (3-5 years), depending on professions and fields of knowledge, is presented.
The prospects for further research include the study of psychophysiological aspects of nonspecific and specific readaptation, depending on the requirements of the labor market, in particular unusual and rare professions.
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