PDF 29-39 (Українська)


interpersonal trust
trust criteria

How to Cite



The article studies interpersonal trust: the theoretical aspects of its interpretation in psychology and the empirical analysis of its manifestations.

We should note that the role of interpersonal trust in the modern informational world, at virtualization of relationships between people, is constantly increasing, determining the character of our society functioning and development.

It is stated that there are different understandings of the phenomenon of interpersonal trust in psychology with scientific focuses on its various components, but most of the researchers unite its rational-cognitive component, on the one hand, and its moral dimension, on the other one, namely, a wise risk assessment of trust and its practical consequences and the moral value of trust and its contribution to the existence of whole civilization.

Scientists lay a particular emphasis on the reliability and honesty of a trusted object and risks and mental vulnerability of its agent, which are the main criteria of interpersonal trust, and on the fact that trust always (implicitly or explicitly) contains a personal element.

The performed empirical study confirmed our assumption that there were links between the respondents’ personal traits and the features of their trust/distrust in other people and identifies personal characteristics influencing the trust/distrust in them of others. 

The conclusion is: interpersonal trust is such attitude towards another person when we expect that he/she prefer cooperation and relationships with us, despite the possibility of harming us; it is a belief in reliability and responsibility, in a person's willingness to fulfill his/her promises given to his/her communication partner. The respondents made decisions whether it was possible to trust different categories of people (strangers, acquaintances, relatives), if they were characterized by such traits: politeness, gladness, compassion, courage and openness. Distrust appeared at the presence of the following personal traits: aggressiveness, impulsiveness, secrecy and talkativeness; the factors determining trust were the trustworthiness of another person and common interests; distrust was caused by orientation on calculations, lack attachment or knowledge on a person.
PDF 29-39 (Українська)


Borum, R. (2010). The science of interpersonal trust. Mental health, law & policy faculty publications, 574. Retrieved from URL:

Castaldo, S. (2007). Trust in market relationships. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Dirks, K.T. (1999). The effects of interpersonal trust on work group performance. Journal of applied psychology, 84, 445-455. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.84.3.445

Giddens, Je. (2011). Posledstvija sovremennosti. [The consequences of modernity]. Moscow : Praksis. [in Russian]

Guzhavina, T.A., & Vorob'jova, I.N. (2018). Mezhlichnostnoe doverie v strukture social'nogo kapitala (na materialah Vologodskoj oblasti) [Interpersonal trust in the structure of social capital (on the materials of the Vologda region)]. Voprosy territorial'nogo razvitija, 2 (42). DOI: 10.15838/tdi.2018.2.42.5. [in Russian]

Haker, S., & Uillard, M. (2009). Ot doveritel'nyh otnoshenij k ustojchivomu biznesu [From trusting relationships to sustainable business] / per. s angl. V.N. Zagrebel'nogo; pod nauch. red. A.B. Burovoj. Moskva : RIA «Standarty i kachestvo». [in Russian]

Jaremchuk, N. (2016). Formuvannja mizhosobystisnoi' doviry u studentiv VNZ v umovah osvitn'ogo seredovyshha [Formation of interpersonal trust between students of higher education institutions in educational environment]. Visnyk L'vivs'kogo universytetu. Serija pedagogichna – Visnyk of Lviv University. Series Pedagogics, 31, 19–27. DOI: 10.30970/vpe.2016.31.8064. [in Ukrainian]

Kozyreva, P.M. (2009). Mezhlichnostnoe doverie v kontekste formirovanija social'nogo kapitala [Interpersonal trust in the context of social capital formation]. Sociologicheskie issledovanija, 1, 43–54. [In Russian]

Kuprejchenko, A.B. (2008). Psihologija doverija i nedoverija [The psychology of trust and distrust]. Moskva : Institut psihologii RAN [In Russian]

Lahno, B. (2004). Three aspects of interpersonal trust. Analyse & Kritik, 26, 30–47. DOI: 10.1515/auk-2004-0102

Mal'ceva, A.P. (2014). Polnocennoe doverie: ponjatie, problema, metodika formirovanija [The full-fledged trust: a concept, a problem and a methodology of formation]. Vlast' – Power, 7, Vol. 22, 115–119. [In Russian]

Mayer, R.C., Davis, J.H., & Schoorman, F.D. (1995). An Integrative model of organizational trust. Academy of management review, 20(3), 709–734.

Rukavishnikov, V.O. (2008). Mezhlichnostnoe doverie: izmerenie i mezhstranovye sravnenija [Interpersonal trust: measurement and cross-country comparisons]. Sociologicheskie issledovanijaju, 2, 17–25. [In Russian]

Test FPI. Frajburgskij mnogofaktornyj lichnostnyj oprosnik. Metodika issledovanija lichnosti (1989). [FPI test. Freiburg multi-factor personality questionnaire. Technique for the study of personality]. Retrieved from URL: [In Russian]

Williams, T. (2014). The psychology of interpersonal trust. How people feel when it comes to trusting someone. McKendree University, 22, 1–17. DOI: 10.1177/1059601106294215.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -