TOLERANCE AS A MANIFESTATION OF INDIFFERENCE
Halyna Chuyko
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3424-3348
Igor Zvarych
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2033-5054
Yan Chaplak
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6763-2967
PDF 57-73 (Українська)

Keywords

tolerance
tolerant indifference
morality
nihilism
indifference

How to Cite

Chuyko, H., Zvarych, I., & Chaplak, Y. (2021). TOLERANCE AS A MANIFESTATION OF INDIFFERENCE. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(6), 57-73. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.6.9

Abstract

The article is devoted to the theoretical analysis of the understanding of the phenomenon of tolerance in psychology and the determination of the characteristics and probable reasons for the manifestation of such a form as tolerance of indifference, which is currently the most widespread in the world, according to the authors of this article.
It is stated that there are a lot of different interpretations of the concept of tolerance in the scientific literature and they continue with an awareness of the complexity, multidimensionality and dynamic nature of this phenomenon, however, instead of identifying what unites them, which is common for the definition of tolerance, scientists are focused on attempts to offer their own, more a good understanding of it, different from the existing ones. And this actually means the absence in science of the exact meaning of this word, as well as an understanding of what exactly, what psychological phenomenon it means. And the attempts of scientists to distinguish this concept from the concept of tolerance in no way facilitate the solution of the situation.

It is suggested that tolerance and intolerance should not be opposed in the context of a "positive-negative" attitude, since these concepts are not mutually exclusive, and the manifestation of intolerance under certain circumstances can be a moral phenomenon, in contrast to tolerance.

It is noted that the biggest problem and still unresolved issue of the psychology of tolerance is the definition of the boundaries of manifestation of tolerance, tolerant attitude towards another person and his actions.

It is concluded that the limit of the manifestation of a tolerant attitude is violation / neglect of other norms of universal human morality; that in the modern world, tolerance is not always actively manifested, more often the tolerance of indifference dominates. And it is precisely this manifestation of tolerance that has a long history (philosophical and religious), which serves as a serious basis for modern manifestations of tolerance as indifference. Tolerance of indifference is a manifestation of a stable, not always conscious, indifferent attitude to various issues of human existence, which excludes both a person's assessment of the current situation and taking responsibility for its development. The tolerance of indifference was inherited by the post-Soviet countries from totalitarianism, but the modern information society, in part, involuntarily cultivates just this kind of tolerance, gradually leveling the axiological significance of a person's moral and existential values.

 

PDF 57-73 (Українська)

References

Abramjan, A. K. (2009). Tolerantnost' kak social'no znachimaja cennost' [Tolerance as a socially significant value]. Vestnik Taganrogskogo instituta imeni A. P. Chehova, 2, 3–12. [in Russian]

Abramovskih, N.V., & Gusejnova, Je.M. (2016). Ponjatie «tolerantnost'» i ego interpretacija [The concept of "tolerance" and its interpretation]. Nauchno-metodicheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal «Koncept», vol. 11, 1726–1730. Retrieved from:: http://e-koncept.ru/2016/86372.htm [in Russian]

Baranova, N. M. (2015). Etyka [Ethics]. Nizhyn : NDU im. M. Gogolja. Retrieved from: shttps://pidruchniki.com/81045/etika_ta_estetika/tolerantnist. [in Ukrainian]

Chujko, G.V., & Chaplak, Ja.V. (2019). Rozuminnja ponjattja tolerantnosti v psyhologii' [The understanding of the concept of tolerance in psychology]. Aktual'nye nauchnye issledovanija v sovremennom mire, 12(56), Part.7, 78-83. [in Ukrainian]

Chujko, G.V., & Chaplak, Ja.V. (2020). Tolerantnist' u zhytti ljudyny i suspil'stva [Tolerance in the life of an individual and society]. Psyhologichnyj chasopys, 2, vol.6, 29–42. DOI: 10.31108/1.2020.6.2.3 [in Ukrainian]

Chujko, G.V., Guljas, I.A., & Koltunovych, T.A. (2009). Ekzystencijna psyhologija [Existential psychology]. Chernivci: Prut [in Ukrainian]

Coraev, Z.U, & Bjazrova, Dzh.B. (2014). Tolerantnost' kak sistemoobrazujushhaja cennost' bytija sovremennogo polikul'turnogo obshhestva [Tolerance as a system-forming value of being in a modern multicultural society]. Gosudarstvennoe i municipal'noe upravlenie, (2), 176-181 [in Russian]

Deklaracija pryncypiv tolerantnosti (1995). Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_503. [in Ukrainian]

Gusejnova, Je.M. (2014). Osnovnye podhody k izucheniju ponjatija tolerantnosti v otechestvennoj i zarubezhnoj nauke [The main approaches to the study of the concept of tolerance in domestic and foreign science]. Molodoj uchenyj, 21, 626–629 [in Russian]

Hajdegger, M. (1993a). Evropejskij nigilizm [European nihilism]. In M. Hajdegger. Vremja i bytie (stat'i i vystuplenija) (pp. 63-176). Moskva: Respublika [in Russian]

Hajdegger, M. (1993b). Slova Nicshe «Bog mertv» [Nietzsche's words "God is dead"]. In M. Hajdegger. Raboty i razmyshlenija raznyh let (pp.168-217). Moskva: Gnozis [in Russian]

Homjakov, M. B. (2003). Tolerantnost': paradoksal'naja cennost' [Tolerance: a paradoxical value]. Zhurnal sociologii i social'noj antropologii, 6(4), 98–112. Retrieved from: http://www.old.jourssa.ru/2003/4/4aHomiakov.pdf. [in Russian]

Indifferentizm (1996). Retrieved from: https://www.insai.ru/slovar/indifferentizm [in Russian]

Indifferentizm (2020). Retrieved from: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki [in Russian]

Indyferentýzm (1973). Slovnyk ukrai'ns'koi' movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language]: v 11 tomah. Kyi'v: Naukova dumka, vol. 4, 26. Retrieved from http://ukrlit.org/slovnyk. [in Ukrainian]

Kapustina, N. G. (2008). Tolerantnost' kak vnutrennij resurs lichnosti [Tolerance as an internal resource of the individual]. Sibirskij psihologicheskij zhurnal, 30, 64–69. [in Russian]

Kirilenko, E.I. (2020). Indifferentizm kak kul'turnoe apriori [Indifferentism as a cultural a priori]. Retrieved from: https://esa-conference.ru/wp-content/uploads/files/pdf/Kirilenko-Elena-Ivanovna6.pdf [in Russian]

Kraus, V. (1994). Nigilizm s'ogodni abo Terpljachist' svitovoi' istorii' [Nihilism today or Patience of world history]. Kyi'v: Osnovy [in Ukrainian].

Leont'ev, D.A. (2009). K operacionalizacii ponjatija «tolerantnost'» [Towards the operationalization of the concept of "tolerance"]. Voprosy psihologii, 5, 3-16 [in Russian]

Makar'eva, A.A., & Blinov, A.V. (2015). Tolerantnost' i terpimost': sootnoshenie ponjatij [Tolerance and forbearance: the relationship of concepts]. Vestnik TvGu. Serija «Filosofija», 2, 128-132 [in Russian]

Markuze, G. (2013). Repressivnaja tolerantnost' [Repressive tolerance]. Retrieved from: https://avtonom.org/news/gerbert-markuze-repressivnaya-tolerantnost [in Russian]

Matjushina, V. V. (2013). Aksiologicheskij aspekt ponjatija «Tolerantnost'» [Axiological aspect of the concept of "Tolerance"]. Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta, 5 (32), 239-246. [in Russian]

Mezencev, E.A. (2015). Problema granic tolerantnosti. [The problem of the boundaries of tolerance]. Mezhdunarodnyj nauchno-issledovatel'skij zhurnal, 8(39), part 5, 10-12.

Mironov, A.V. (2016). Moral'noe bezrazlichie kak social'nyj faktor [Moral indifference as a social factor]. Obshhestvo. Kommunikacija. Obrazovanie, (4 (255)), 115-121 [in Russiian] [in Russian]

Molchanova, A. O. (2013). Tolerantnist' jak cinnisna osnova profesijnoi' dijal'nosti pedagoga [Tolerance as a value basis of a teacher's professional activity]. Kyi'v: IPO i OD NAPN Ukrai'ny [in Ukrainian]

Panasenko, E. (2019). Formuvannja komunikatyvnoi' tolerantnosti u majbutnih praktychnyh psyhologiv: teoretyko-prykladnyj aspekt [Development of future practical psychologist’s communicative tolerance: theoretical and applied aspect]. Profesionalizm pedagoga: teoretychni j metodychni aspekty, 10, 127–140. DOI: 10.31865/2414-9292.10.2019.182169. [in Ukrainian]

Petrovskyj, A. V., Jaroshevskyj M. G. (Eds.). (1990). Psihologija. Slovar' [Psychology. Vocabulary]. Moskva : Politizdat [in Russian]

Religioznyj indifferentizm. (1986). Retrieved from: https://religion.wikireading.ru/80912 [in Russian]

Rjazanov, A.V. (2007). Manipuljativnyj potencial koncepta «Tolerantnost'» [Manipulative potential of the concept "Tolerance"]. Filosofija i obshhestvo, (1 (45)), 82-97 [in Russian]

Saganovs'ka, T.P. (2017). Tolerantnist' jak vazhlyva skladova chastyna pryncypu nenasyllja [Tolerance as an important part of the principle of non-violence]. Aktual'ni problemy filosofii' ta sociologii', 19, 95–98 [in Ukrainian]

Samohvalova, V.I. (2012). O soderzhanii ponjatija «tolerantnost'» [On the content of the concept of "tolerance"], 161-175. Retrieved from: https://iphras.ru/uplfile/root/biblio/pj/pj_1/13.pdf [in Russian]

Shhur, E. (2015). Sila ravnodushija: kak filosofija stoicizma pomogaet zhit' i rabotat' [The Power of Indifference]. Retrieved from: https://theoryandpractice.ru/posts/10191-stoitsizm [in Russian]

Terpýmist' (1979). Slovnyk ukrai'ns'koi' movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language]: v 11 tomah. Kyi'v: Naukova dumka, vol.10, 95 [in Ukrainian]

Tolerantnist' (2002). Shynkaruk, V. I. (Ed.). Filosofs'kyj encyklopedychnyj slovnyk [Philosophical encyclopedic dictionary]. Kyi'v : Abrys, 642. [in Ukrainian]

Tolerantnost' (2021). Sovremennyj tolkovyj slovar' [Modern explanatory dictionary]. Retrieved from: https://classes.ru/all-russian/russian-dictionary-encycl-term-56231.htm [in Russian]

Tolerántnyj (1979) Slovnyk ukrai'ns'koi' movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language]: v 11 tomah. Kyi'v: Naukova dumka, vol.10, 179 [in Ukrainian]

Trubicyna, L.V., & Njabiullin, R.T. (2019). Sub#ektivnye predstavlenija o tolerantnosti, intolerantnosti i ih granicah [Subjective ideas about tolerance, intolerance and their boundaries]. Mir nauki. Pedagogika i psihologija, 5, Vol 7. Retrieved from: https://mir-nauki.com/PDF/86PSMN519.pdf [in Russian]

Uolcer, M. (2003). Pro tolerantnist' [About tolerance]. Harkiv : RA-Karavela [in Ukrainian]

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/