TOLERANCE IN THE LIFE OF AN INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY
Halyna Chuyko
Yuri Fedkovich National University in Chernivtsi
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3424-3348
Yan Chaplak
Yuri Fedkovich National University in Chernivtsi
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6763-2967
PDF 29-42 (Українська)

Keywords

tolerance
intolerance
limit of tolerance
morality
value system
attitude
benevolence

How to Cite

Chuyko, H., & Chaplak, Y. (2020). TOLERANCE IN THE LIFE OF AN INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(2), 29-42. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.2.3

Abstract

The article analyses the understanding of tolerance in psychology and determines its role in human life and human relations.

The article notes that a complete, agreed by many scholars, scientific theoretical concept of tolerance has not yet formed, which is explained by the ambiguity, multi-aspect and the complex nature of this phenomenon.

We divided the definitions of tolerance into three groups: 1) tolerance understood as a moral quality of a person; 2) it included into the system of human values; 3) the role of tolerance in effective interactions at interpersonal relations to achieve mutual understanding and consent of people. However, factually, different definitions of tolerance combine different understandings of it, emphasizing the complex nature of this phenomenon.

The scholars propose to distinguish tolerance to any person (to Other), who differs in appearance, psychological characteristics, lifestyle, nationality, race, religion, etc., and intolerance to their immoral actions. The violations of the norms of universal human and public morality are the limit of tolerance.

We proposed to distinguish the hierarchy of tolerance types, according to the degree of its manifestation: 1) tolerance as a conscious and unconditional acceptance of Other; 2) as acceptance of another people, if they do not commit evil; 3) internal non-acceptance, but respect to the rights and freedoms of Other; 4) non-acceptance with the wish to reconcile with the differences of another person for the sake of communication with them and mutual agreement; 5) non-acceptance with the suppression of disagreement with Other for the sake of mutual understanding and cooperation.

The study results are generalized in the conclusion that since the phenomenon of tolerance was analyzed in different sciences, and there were quite a large number of interpretations of this concept, it is worth admitting its complicated, complex nature, dependence on a specific science and social situation of its development, and the importance of this phenomenon for the existence and development of society and civilization as a whole.

The article concludes that tolerance is a personal trait manifested in a well-disposed and unprejudiced attitude to another person, who could differ in any way, as to an equal personality, who has the right to their own system of life values, principles and world outlook and freedom to choose their way of life and achieve happiness but does not commit moral evil (harm) to another person, nature or civilization.

 

PDF 29-42 (Українська)

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