COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL APPROACH IN PHYSICAL HEALTH COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT
IRYNA SNYADANKO
Lviv Polytechnic National University
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4245-1443
MARIANNA TKALYCH
Ukrainian State Employment Service Training Institute
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4101-9659
OKSANA VOITSEKHOVSKA
Lviv Polytechnic National University
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4101-9659
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Keywords

self-efficacy
competence
cognitive behavioral approach
physical health

How to Cite

SNYADANKO, I., TKALYCH, M., & VOITSEKHOVSKA, O. (2019). COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL APPROACH IN PHYSICAL HEALTH COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5(6), 9-22. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.6.1

Abstract

The article is devoted to the research of cognitive-behavioral approach implementation specifics in psychological consulting aimed at physical health competence development. The purpose was revealed as well as the main notions of social-cognitive approach that was elaborated by A. Bandura and further on developed by the representatives of his school. In particular, the main notions were reviewed such as: self-efficiency, acquired self-helplessness, control scale, competence. According to A. Bandura the notion of self-efficacy means individual confidence in themselves and ability to execute certain activity. Meanwhile acquiring self-efficacy can be done the following ways:  ability to develop behavior, experience, verbal opinions, and emotional state. The comparative analysis of the notions ‘competence’ and ‘competency’ was done. The conclusion was drawn that the notion of ‘competence’ means individual ability to efficiently perform some activity, such as confidence in oneself and one’s capabilities to do some activity, but the notion of ‘competency’ means the level of the capability implementation. The cognitive-behavioral approach (A. Beck, A. Ellis) was validated, the working model for psychological problem with the help of cognitive behavioral scheme. Within the cognitive behavioral approach the essence of the competency amounts to the set of the following components: cognitive, emotional, and behavioral. The analysis of the notions ‘physical health’ and ‘physical health competence’ was done. It was shown the experimental research results aimed at individual physical heath competence development.  The research result comparison of the development level of physical health competence before the beginning and after the end of experimental research tell us about the increase in amount of people under study with the high level of self-efficacy in actions focused on physical health self-improvement. The conclusion was made that cognitive behavioral approach implementation is effective for physical health competence development.

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