PDF 7-22 (Українська)


self-concept of the individual
positive self-concept
negative self-concept
transformation of the self-concept
constructive transformation
destructive transformation
factors of transformation of the self-concept of the individual

How to Cite

Danyliuk, I., & Klimash, T. (2023). FACTORS OF TRANSFORMATION OF THE SELF-CONCEPT OF PERSONALITY. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 9(1), 7–22. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2023.9.1.1


The self-concept of an individual is constantly in interaction with the environment, which often has a negative impact on it. A positive self-concept is an important condition for the full functioning of an individual. A positive self-concept manifests itself through a person's positive attitude towards himself/herself, adequate self-esteem, a sense of his/her own integrity, and the desire to realize his/her potential. A person with a formed positive self-concept is characterized by stable psychological health and, in general, has a high level of psychological well-being. The self-concept of an individual faces various life challenges every day, functions in traumatic situations, is influenced by the social environment, and therefore can undergo transformations. Often, a person is not aware of these transformations, but notices that his/her life has changed for the worse - apathy, feelings of insecurity, emotional exhaustion, decreased self-esteem, etc. have appeared. These negative formations appear due to the transformation of the self-concept, therefore, the study of the factors and features of this process is necessary for the development of measures to overcome the consequences, restore harmony, and master effective strategies of behavior in specific situations.

The self-concept of an individual is affected by two groups of factors - external and internal. They cause constructive and destructive transformations that lead to the formation of a positive or negative self-concept. Empirically, transformation factors were identified for two components of self-concept: emotional-evaluative and behavioral. The constructive transformation of the emotional-evaluative component of the self-concept of the individual takes place under the influence of emotional stability, dominance, courage, straightforwardness, trustworthiness, calmness and relaxation, the desire for creativity, flexibility in communication, tolerance for uncertainty, values and autonomy, constructive sexuality, constructive aggression, constructive external delimitation of the Self, constructive anxiety, satisfaction with work experience in the specialty. The constructive transformation of the behavioral component of the self-concept of the individual takes place under the influence of courage, expressiveness, trustworthiness, dominance and calmness, constructive narcissism, constructive aggression, constructive external demarcation of the self.

Destructive transformation of the emotional-evaluative component of the self-concept of a person occurs under the influence of emotional stability, courage, practicality of directness, anxiety, radicalism, intolerance of uncertainty, disorientation in time, contact and autonomy, deficit aggression, destructive anxiety, constructive narcissism, deficit narcissism, constructive internal demarcation of self. The destructive transformation of the behavioral component of the self-concept of the individual occurs under the influence of radicalism, sociability, courage, emotional stability, contact, values, destructive narcissism, constructive external demarcation of the self, deficient external demarcation of the self.


PDF 7-22 (Українська)


Bergner, R. M. & Holmes, J. R. (2000). Self-concepts and self-concept change: A status dynamic approach. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training. №. 1. С. 36.

Bracken, B. A. (2009). Positive self-concepts. In Handbook of positive psychology in schools (pp. 107-124). Routledge.

Burns, R. B. (1982). Self-concept development and education. Cassell.

Cankurtaran Öntaş, Ö., & Tekindal, M. T. (2016). Women who sacrifice themselves for everybody: qualitative research with mothers of disabled children. European Journal of Social Work, 19(2), 275-289.

Choi, N. (2005). Self‐efficacy and self‐concept as predictors of college students' academic performance. Psychology in the Schools. Т. 42. №. 2. С. 197-205.

Cooley, C. H. (1964). Human nature and the social order. Transaction Publishers.

Freud, S. (2019). The ego and the id. Simon and Schuster.

Hattie, J. (2014). Self-concept. Psychology Press.

Huitt, W. (2004). Self-concept and self-esteem. Educational psychology interactive. Т. 1. С. 1-5.

James, W. (2007). The principles of psychology (Vol. 1). Cosimo, Inc.

McConnell, A. R. (2011). The multiple self-aspects framework: Self-concept representation and its implications. Personality and social psychology review, 15(1), 3-27.

Mead, G. H. (2004). The Self, the I, and the Me.

Pajares, F. & Schunk, D. (2005). Self-efficacy and self-concept beliefs. New Frontiers for Self-Research. Greenwich, CT: IAP.

Pöllänen, S., & Voutilainen, L. (2018). Crafting well-being: Meanings and intentions of stay-at-home mothers' craft-based leisure activity. Leisure Sciences, 40(6), 617-633.

Rogers, C. R. (1995). On becoming a person: A therapist's view of psychotherapy. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Ronchetti, L. (2017). Autonomy and Self-Realization of Migrant Women: Constitutional Aspects. In Gender and Migration in Italy (pp. 77-95). Routledge.

Sebastian, C., Burnett, S. & Blakemore, S. J. (2008). Development of the self-concept during adolescence. Trends in cognitive sciences. Т. 12. №. 11. С. 441-446.

Waterman, A. S., Schwartz, S. J., Goldbacher, E., Green, H., Miller, C., & Philip, S. (2003). Predicting the subjective experience of intrinsic motivation: The roles of self-determination, the balance of challenges and skills, and self-realization values. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(11), 1447-1458.

Bilozerska, S. I. & Mashchak, S. O. (2018). Osoblyvosti zviazku profesiinoi Ya-kontseptsii iz psykholohichnym blahopoluchchiam pedahoha. Naukovyi visnyk Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. №5.

Bodalov, O. O., Maksymenko, S. D., Orban-Lembryk, L. E., Petrovskyi, A. V., Bondarchuk, O. I., Zhuravlov, O. A., ... & Pobirchenko, N. A. (2014). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti profesiinoho ya-obrazu maibutnikh psykholohiv. Redaktsiina kolehiia, 101

Boryshevskyi M.Y. (1980). Teoretycheskye voprosы samosoznanyia lychnosty Psykholohycheskye osobennosty samosoznanyia podrostka.

Bulakh, I. S. (2017). Vytoky osobystisnoho zrostannia liudyny.

Humeniuk, O. (2005). Osoblyvosti sytuatyvnoho ta vikovoho rozvytku Ya-kontseptsii. Psykholohiia i suspilstvo, (1 (19)), 46-62.

Zhuravlova, L. P., Kotlova, L. O., & Marchuk, K. A. (2019). Aktualnі problemy osobystisnoho zrostannia.

Pavelkiv, R. V. (2015). Formuvannia pochuttia vlasnoi hidnosti u molodshykh shkoliariv v umovakh navchalnoi diialnosti. (Doctoral dissertation, Rivnenskyi derzhavnyi humanitarnyi universytet).

Romanenko, O. V. (2019). Osoblyvosti zmin u ya-kontseptsii osobystosti pid vplyvom psykhotravmy.

Spivak, L. M. (2000). Formuvannia" Ya-kontseptsii" molodshykh shkoliariv z trudnoshchamy u navchanni.

Stolyn, V. V. (1983). Samosoznanye lychnosty (p. 285). Yzd-vo Mosk. un-ta.

Sushchynska, T. (2013). Osoblyvosti obrazu Ya ditei doshkilnoho viku. Visnyk Instytutu rozvytku dytyny. Ser.: Filosofiia, pedahohika, psykholohiia, (28), 162-168.

Tymofieieva, N. M. (2013). Formuvannia pozytyvnoi Ya-kontseptsii yak chynnyk osobystisnoho zrostannia. Psykholohichni chynnyky samodeterminatsii osobystosti v osvitnomu prostori: monohrafiia, 215-234.

Chamata, P. R. (1965). Samosvidomist ta yii rozvytok u ditei. K.: Znannia, 32-38.

Iurchenko, V. (2011). Pozytyvna «Ia-kontseptsiia» vchytelia yak peredumova zapobihannia profesiinoho vyhorannia. Ridna mova. S. 30-35.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Ivan Danyliuk, Tamara Klimash