SELF-REAL AND SELF-IDEAL IMAGES OF WOMEN HAVING ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIPS
Tamara Klimash
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kiev
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0872-2270
PDF 67-75 (Українська)

Keywords

Self-concept
Self-image
Self-ideal
Self-real
abusive relationships
interpersonal relationships
self-esteem
psychological violence

How to Cite

Klimash, T. (2020). SELF-REAL AND SELF-IDEAL IMAGES OF WOMEN HAVING ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIPS. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(8), 67-75. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.8.5

Abstract

The research on the Self-real and Self-ideal images of women having abusive relationships is important due to theoretical and practical challenges of modern society. Women’s role in society, the specifics of interpersonal relationships, the psychological aspects of abusive relationships are the subject of scientific searches for many national and foreign researchers. The article purpose is to determine the features, formation and manifestation of Self-real and Self-ideal images of women having abusive relationships.

An individual’s self-concept is fundamental for the formation of his or her personality. Four formation statuses for a self image are considered: achieved identity, identification moratorium, unpaid identity, diffuse identity. We have analyzed the features and factors determining the formation of three modalities of self-concept: Self-real, Self-ideal and Self-mirrored. Attention is drawn to the formation of four components: cognitive, affective, conative and leading life meanings, and their manifestations during social interactions. Basing on the performed literary review, we have determined the manipulative mechanisms in abusive relationships, namely, physical and psychological violence, the latter means offensive language, social or economic isolation. The analyzed theoretical models of abusive relationships have revealed that women’s self-esteem is significantly reduced under psychological violence characteristic for abusive relationships. By creating a big gap between a woman’s Self-real and the Self-ideal images, her abuser introduces her into a state of helplessness and dependence.

The further research will focus on an empirical analysis of the formation of Self-real and Self-ideal images of women having abusive relationships, self-esteem of women having abusive relationships as a factor influencing their self-concept.

 

PDF 67-75 (Українська)

References

Berns, R. (1986). Razvitiye YA-kontseptsii i vospitaniye [Self-concept development and education]. Moscow.: Progress [in Russian].

Raygorodskiy, D.Y. (2003). Psikhologiya samosoznaniya: Khrestomatiya. [The Psychology of Self-Consciousness]. Samara: Izdatel'skiydom «Bakhrakh-M» [in Russian].

Stolin, V.V. (1983). Samosoznaniye lichnosti [Self-awareness of personality]. Moscow: Prosveshcheniye [in Russian].

Khyell, L., Zigler D. (2014). Teorii lichnosti [Personality theories]. Per. s angl. S Melenevskaya, D. Viktorova. Saint Petersburg: Piter [in Russian].

Brown, K.S. (2019). # metoo: Sexual Harassment within Psychology, Social Work, and Marriage/Couple and Family Therapy Training Programs. Journal of Feminist Family Therapy, 31(4),195-210. doi:10.1080/08952833.2019.1676958

Champion, J.D. (1996). Woman abuse, assimilation, and self-concept in a rural Mexican American community. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences,18(4),508-521. doi:10.1177/07399863960184005

Christensen, M.J., Brayden, R.M., Dietrich, M.S., McLaughlin, F.J., Sherrod, K. B., & Altemeier, W.A. (1994). The prospective assessment of self-concept in neglectful and physically abusive low-income mothers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 18(3),225-232.doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(94)90107-4

Collin-Vézin, D., Hébert, M., Manseau, H., Blais, M., & Fernet, M. (2006). Self-concept and dating violence in 220 adolescent girls in the child protective system. – In Child and Youth Care Forum, 35(4), 319-326. doi: 10.1007/s10566-006-9019-6

Dimmitt, J.H. (1995). Self-concept and woman abuse: a rural and cultural perspective. Issues in mental health nursing, 16(6),567-581. doi: 10.3109/01612849509009400

Graham, D.L.R., Rawlings, E., & Rimini, N. (1988). Survivors of terror: Battered women, hostages and the Stockholm Syndrome. In K. Yllo& M. Bograd (Eds.), Feminist perspectives on wife abuse (pp. 217-233). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Hudson, W.W., & Mclntosh, S.R. (1981). The assessment of spouse abuse: Two quantifiable dimensions. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 43(4), 873-888. doi: 10.2307/351344

La Motte, A. D., Gower, T., Miles-McLean, H., Farzan-Kashani, J., & Murphy, C.M. (2019). Trauma’s influence on relationships: clients’ perspectives at an intimate partner violence intervention program. Journal of family violence, 34(7), 655-662. doi: 10.1007/s10896-018-0004-2

Murphy, C.M., & Cascardi, M. (2005). Treating the abusive partner: an individualized cognitive-behavioral approach. Guilford Press.

Smith, R.D., Holmberg, J., & Cornish, J.E. (2019). Psychotherapy in the #MeToo era: Ethical issues. Psychotherapy, 56(4), 483-490.doi: 10.1037/pst0000262

Walker, L.E. (2009). The Battered Woman Syndrome. Springer Publishing Co., NewYork.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/