THE STRUCTURE OF A WILL ACT AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE FOR A CREATIVE PROCESS (ACCORDING TO TH.A. RIBOT AND SUPPLEMENTED BY O. SAMOSCHUK’S SCHEME)
Oksana Samoshchuk
G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology, National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4152-632X
PDF 9-19 (Українська)

Keywords

state of consciousness
reflex
instinct
act of will
stimulating function of will
volition
delaying function of will
excitement
involuntary and voluntary attention
coordination of will

How to Cite

Samoshchuk, O. (2020). THE STRUCTURE OF A WILL ACT AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE FOR A CREATIVE PROCESS (ACCORDING TO TH.A. RIBOT AND SUPPLEMENTED BY O. SAMOSCHUK’S SCHEME). PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(12), 9-19. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.12.1

Abstract

 

 

The interest in the humanitarian, specific human problems of psychology has been revived in recent years, which is why attention has risen to such a phenomenon as the will. Given the complexity of this mental phenomenon, an attempt is made in this article to unify and schematize the theory of will (according to Th. Ribot) and the scheme of a complex volitional act is presented.

Also, special attention is paid to the stages of a volitional process. An important research aspect is determining the role and place of volitional act elements and explaining the specifics of act course at different people.

On the basis of the article author’s scheme of the volitional act structure, the author presents places and functions for the following components of the will: its individual organization; the coordinated unity of aspirations, feelings, ideas, images; conscious desires; the role of hesitations in decision-making and actions; also the author  determines the basic will mechanisms, namely, stimulation or delay. In addition, the article author proposes to include two stages of hesitations: before making a decision and for performing an actual action. This clarification help explain exactly at what moments a volitional act can be interrupted, since these zones are critical for people with weak will and lack decision.

The places of the will functioning are clearly identified in the proposed structure of a volitional act: between a desire and a made decision, between a decision and an action; the will is understood as a stimulating force during the implementation of a complex action. Also, the places are indicated where a volitional act is interrupted by different people: those with a strong will, a weak will, lack decision or with pathology of will. Desires of people with pathology of will does not often even acquire a conscious form, while people with a strong will go through all the stages and implement their decisions.

The study findings can be applied both in the scientific field, to improve the fundamental theories of general psychology, and in practice, to develop pedagogical principles in the field of education.

 

PDF 9-19 (Українська)

References

Astleitner, H., & Wiesner, C. (2004). An integrated model of multimedia learning and motivation. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 13(1), pp. 3-21.

Avrelin, M. K. (1893).). Sekret tvorchestva. [The secret of creativity]. Мoscow. [in Russian]

Corno, L. (1993). The Best-Laid Plans: Modern Conceptions of Volition and Educational Research. Educational Researcher, 22(2), pp. 14-22. URL: http://www.jstor.org.vlib.interchange.at/stable/1176169

Gollwitzer, P., Heckhausen, H., & Ratajczak, H. (1990). From weighing to willing: Approaching a change decision through pre- or post-decisional mentation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 45, pp. 41-65.

Heckhausen, H. (1980). Motivation und handeln. [Motivation and action] Berlin: Springer. [in German]

Heckhausen, H., & Gollwitzer, P. (1987). Thought contents and cognitive functioning in motivational vs. volitional states of mind. Motivation and Emotion, 11, pp. 101-120.

Heckhausen, H., & Kuhl, J. (1985). From wishes to action: The dead ends and short cuts on the long way to action. In M. Frese & J. Sabini (Eds.), Goal directed behavior: The concept of action in psychology (pp. 134-160). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.

Kuhl, J. (1984). Volitional aspects of achievement motivation and learned helplessness: Toward a comprehensive theory of action control. In B. A. Maher (Ed.), Progress in experimental personality research (Vol. 13, pp. 99-171). New York: Academic Press.

Kuhl, J. (1985). Volitional mediators of cognition-behavior consistency: Self-regulatory processes and action versus state orientation. In J. Kuhl & J. Beckmann (Eds.), Action control: From cognition to behavior (pp. 101-128). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Ribot, T.A. (1894). Volya: v yeye normalnom i boleznennom sostoyaniyah. [The Will: in its normal and sick states]. Perevod s 8-go frantsuzskogo izdaniya, za red. dktr. V Abolenskogo. S.-Peterburg: izdaniye V.I. Gubinskogo. [in Russian]

Ribot, Th. (1915). The diseases of the will. Chicago: Open Court Pub. Co.

Ribot, Th. (1906). Essay on the creative imagination. Chicago: Open Court Pub. Co.

Snow, R. E., Corno, L., & Jackson, D. (2009). Cognative and affective functions in educational psychology. In R. C. Calfee & D. C. Berliner (Eds.), Handbook of Educational Psychology. New York: Macmillan.

Sternberg, R. (1988). The triarchic mind. New York: Penguin.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/