The article is devoted to the theoretical study, systematic ordering and critical review of modern scientific developments of Carl Jung's psychological typology described in the fundamental work "Psychological Types", and the study of theories of his followers, which continued and supplemented the original typological model.
The topic relevance is explained by the lack of decent attention to the typology in Ukrainian scientific community, because after more than 100 years of the theory being studied there is still no complete understanding of this personology model.
The article discusses emergence, transformation, and addendums of types theory in line with three directions: Jung's original model; Myers – Briggs theory of personality types (quantitative expansion of personality types, diagnostic tool, and new dichotomous features); Neojungian paradigm of type research (in-depth understanding of "cognitive model" and archetypes integration into the typological model). Current state of development of the types concept is systematically and comprehensively demonstrated on the example of one of the most important theoretical aspects of typology, namely "cognitive model". The article reviews types multiplication in the process of interparadigmal transition as well as transition to more in-depth study and understanding of "psychological type" concept through understanding its internal mechanics.
Modern scientific developments, empirical and theoretical researches, conceptual links to other domains in psychology, psychodiagnostics, psychophysiology are considered. Shortcomings and critical aspects underlined by authors of various studies relating to the empirical evidentiality of types theory, are mentioned in the article.
Conclusion shows prospects and relevance of further studies of Jungian "psychological types" concept, considering new approaches and trends able to complement and enrich original typology, as well as to open up more opportunities for empirical research and successful resolution of critical issues.
The main unsolved problem of typology is revealed, which is psychophysiological predisposition of a type and its temperamental nature, as noted by some authors who have already studied types theory by linking it with the Kretschmer and Sheldon’s "body structure types" approach. This question is the main direction for future empirical solution and final consolidation of the theory.
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