Liudmyla Krupelnytska
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
PDF 24-35 (Русский)


personal myth
personal myth functions

How to Cite

Krupelnytska, L. (2020). A PERSONAL MYTH: PHILOSOPHICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PYCHOTHERAPEUTIC ASPECTS. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(8), 24-35. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.8.2


The article analyses psychologically the personal myth phenomenon and the possibilities of its psychotherapeutic use. The essential features of the myth, associated with the emergence of psychological effects, relevant to the goals of psychological assistance were identified. They include: an initial appearance of characters, images, events; miraculousness because any restriction can be lifted under certain conditions; representation of the mythical characters as a role model; the myth serving as a priori streamliner for perception. Immersion of consciousness into the mythological reality is associated with important therapeutic mechanisms, such as: hope instilling, universality of experiences, existential factors; life event perception can loss its literalness. We have shown that the search for personal developmental guidelines and triggering the appropriate motivational mechanisms are ensured mostly due to the mainstreaming of the pre-logic, mythological level of consciousness responsible for a person’s creativity. A personal myth is defined as a system of core personal meanings formed by synthesizing the content of cultural and social myths with personal experiences, manifested and transformed through narratives and acting as a sensual perspective on the person’s life project. The main functions of personal myths are: socio-adaptive, meaning-forming, regulatory, axiological and integrative. We have shown that, in the psycholinguistic aspect, a personal myth is a text that serves as a mechanism of interactions between generalized cultural meanings and core personal meanings. The hypothesis has been developed that specific discourse analysis methods correspond to the content of psychotherapeutic interactions; these methods allow us to retain a client’s meaningfull integrity. Step-by-step tasks were highlighted for work with a client’s personal mythology. These are: finding a principle that organizes a client’s subjective experiences and revealing the personal myth through deconstruction of the client’s story text; assessing the constructiveness/destructiveness of its actual impact on the client’s life; helping the client to rethink the key elements of their personal myth and to choose together with them the mythological constructions corresponding to their actual problem; helping the client build practical life strategies on the basis of the rethought personal myth; supporting the implementation of these strategies.


PDF 24-35 (Русский)


Arlow J.A. (2018). Fantasy, Memory, and Reality Testing // The Psychoanalytic Quarterly. V.87(1). Р. 127-148.

Arutyunyan S. (2011) Problema proiavleniia personalnogo mifa v protsesse psikhologicheskogo konsultirovaniia [The Problem of Personal Myth Appearance in the Process of Psychological Counseling] // Bulletin of Yerevan university. Philisophy, Psychology, 135(4), 29-43. [in Russian].

Asmolov A.G., Bratus B.S., Zeigarnik B.V., Petrovskii V.A., Subbotskii E.B., Kharash A.U., Tsvetkova L.S. (1979). O nekotorykh perspektivakh issledovaniya smyslovykh obrazovanij lichnosti [On some perspectives of research of meaning formations of personality]. Voprosy psikhologii. 4, 35-45. [in Russian].

Bratus B.S. (1988). Anomalii lichnosti [Personality anomalies]. M.: Mysl, [in Russian].

Cardena E., Lynn S. J., Krippner S. (2000). Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.

Chudova N.V. (1999). Mifologicheskaja sostavljajushhaja obraza Ja // Psychological Journal, 20 (5), 45–50. [in Russian].

Eliade M. (2010). Aspekty mifa [Aspects of Myth] (4th ed.). M: Akademicheskij proekt [in Russian].

Ernst K. (1956). The Personal Myth A Problem in Psychoanalytic Technique. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 4 (4), 653-681.

Fainshtein D. (2000). Lichnaja mifologija: analiz, transformacija i reintegraciya [Personal mythology: analysis, transformation & reintegration]. Psihoterapija – chto eto? J. K. Zeig, W. Michael Munion (Ed.). Psikhoterapiia – chto eto? [What is psychotherapy?], pp. 217-222. М.: Nezavisimaija firma “Klass”. [in Russian].

Feinstein D., Krippner S. (1988). Personal mythology: The psychology of your evolving self. Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarсher.

Golosovker Ja.E. (2010) Izbrannoe. Logika mifa [Selections. Logic of Myth]. M.; SPb: Сentr gumanitarnyh iniciativ. [in Russian].

Hillman J. (1996). Arhetipicheskaja psikhologija [Archetypical Psychology]. SPb.: B.S.K. [in Russian].

Jung K.G. (1996). Dusha i mif: shest’ arhetipov [Soul and Myth: Six Archetypes]. K.: Gosudarstvennaja biblioteka Ukrainy dlja junoshestva. [in Russian].

Kalmykov H. (2018). Psykhologo-profesіinyi dyskurs yak vyrazhennia іntentsіonalnoii spriamovanostі subiekta movlennia na adresata [Psycho-Professional Discourse as an Expression of the Subject’s of Speech Intentional Orientation to an Addressee]. Psycholinguistics. 23 (1), 73-98. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1212362. [in Ukrainian].

Kalmykova, Je.S., & Mergentaller, E. (1998). Narrativ v psihoterapii: rasskazy pacientov o lichnoj istorii [Narrative in psychotherapy: stories of patients about personal history]. Psychological Journal, 5, 97-104. [in Russian].

Kasavin, I.T. (2007). Diskurs-analiz i ego primenenie v psihologii [Discourse analysis and its application in psychology]. Psychology Issues, 6, 97-119. [in Russian].

Kassirer E. (2002). Filosofija simvolicheskih form. Tom 2. Mifologicheskoe myshlenie [Philosophy of symbolic forms. Volum 2. Mythological thinking]. M.; SPb.: Universitetskaja kniga, [in Russian].

Kolesnichenko Ju.V. (2013). Problema mifa i lichnosti v rabote A.F. Loseva “Dialektika mifa” [Myth and personality issue in work of A.F. Losev “Dialectics of myth”]. Filosofija i obshhestvo. 3 (71), 121-130. [in Russian].

Krippner S. (1986). Dreams and the development of a personal mythology. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 7(2), 449-462.

Leont’ev A.N. (1975). Dejatel'nost'. Soznanie. Lichnost [Activity. Consciousness. Personality]. M.: Politizdat, [in Russian].

Leont’ev D.A. (2019). Psikhologija smysla: priroda, stroenie i dinamika smyslovoj real'nosti [Psychology of neaning: nature, structure and dynamics of meaning reality]. 4 ed. M.: Smysl, [in Russian].

Lobok A. (1997). Antropologiya mifa [Anthropology of Myth]. Ekaterinburg: Bank kulturnoj informacii, [in Russian].

Losev A.F. (1991). Dialektika mifa [Dialectics of Myth]. Ed. T.I. Ojzerman. Filosofija. Mifologija. Kul'tura. M.: Politizdat, P. 21-186. [in Russian].

Majdanov A.S. (2014). Logika mifologicheskogo myshlenija. Chast 1. Evoljucija vzgljadov na logiku mifov [The logic of mythological thinking. Part 1. Evolution of views on logic of myth]. Filosofija i kul'tura, 3, 426-441. DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2014.3.10620. [in Russian].

Majdanov A.S. (2014). Logika mifologicheskogo myshlenija. Chast 2. Paradigmal'nost mifologicheskogo myshlenija [The logic of mythological thinking. Part 2. Paradigmality of mythological thinking]. Filosofija i kul'tura, 4, 594-606. DOI: 10.7256/1999–2793.2014.4.12116. [in Russian].

Mamardashvili M.K. (1997). Psihologicheskaja topologija puti [Psychological Topology of Path]. SPb.: Russkij Hristianskij gumanitarnyj institut. [in Russian].

Manilov, I.F. (2019). Multimodalnaya suggestivnaya psihoterapiya: ishodnye polozheniya i principy raboty [Multimodal suggestive psychotherapy: initial statements and practical principles] Psykhologichnyj chasopys: zbirnyk naukovykh prac, 21, (1), 165-179. DOI: 10.31108/1.2019.1.21.11. [in Russian]

Meshcherjakova E.I. (2011). Personal'nyj mif v psihologicheskom konsul'tirovanii [Personal Myth in Psychological Counceling]. Sibirskii psihologicheskij zhurnal, 14-15, 91-95. [in Russian].

Meshherjakova E.I. (2011). Personal'nyj mif v psihologicheskom konsul'tirovanii (Doctoral dissertation) [Personal Myth in Psychological Counceling]. Barnaul Pedagogical State University, Barnaul. [in Russian].

Nalimov V.V. (2000). Razbrasyvaju mysli. V puti i na pereput’je. [Scattering thoughts. Along the way and at the crossroads] M.: Progress-Tradicija. [in Russian].

Nekrasova Je.V. (2011). Personal’nyj mif kak sposob samoponimanija [Personal Myth as a Means of Selfunderestanding]. Vestnik NGU. Serija: Psihologija, 5(2), 23-27. [in Russian].

Olney J. (2017). Metaphors of Self. The meaning of autobiography. Prinston. New Jersey. Princeton University Press.

Potamianou A. (1985). The Personal Myth. Points and Counterpoints. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 40(1), 285-296.

Sharov A.S. (2012). Ontologija personalnogo mifa zhizni [Ontology of Life’s Personal Myth]. Fundamental’nyje issledovanija, 9(2),445-449. [n Russian].

Vlastelica M., Pavlovic S. & Urlic I. (2003). Patient’s ranking of therapeutic factors in group analysis. Collegium Antropologicum, 27, 779-788.

Yalom I.D. (1985). The theory and practice of group psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books Inc. Publishers.

Zav'jalov V.Ju. (2020). Otkaz ot ekspertnyh znanij v pol'zu kreativnyh reshenij i personalizacii znanij [Refusal of expert knowledge in favor of creative solutions and knowledge personalization]. URL: http://www.supervis.ru/content/1995718210-zavyalov-v-yu-dianaliz-otkaz-ot-ekspertnyh-znaniy-v-polzu-kreativnyh-resheniy-i. [in Russian].

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/