The article presents the empirical research (n = 204) on women's role competence, its correlation with individual and typological personal traits. The research hypothesis is that women's role-playing competence is related to individual and typological personal traits, with gender differences in masculinity and femininity. The study used P. Hornostay’s Role Competence Questionnaire determining two of four role competence indicators: role flexibility and role depth, as well as L. Sobchik’s Questionnaire on Individual and Typological Personal Characteristics, determining individual personal traits.
The study of women's role competency showed that their role-playing competence was average, but almost 20% of the women were less competent, had poor role repertoire and knowledge of their roles and skills in using them. Role flexibility and sensuality were also average, as well as the role depth and role-playing skills, but almost 20% of the women had low role-playing skills.
The study results showed that role flexibility was more strongly related to the general indicator than role depth. These parameters characterize different role competence attributes, which can be opposite. These parameters of role competence did not have a statistically significant correlation, and therefore probably characterize different aspects of competence. Role competence depended on age, family status, number of children, level of education and psychological gender, namely, a masculinity level. Thus, women's role competency was not homogeneous, but interrelated with different personal traits and characteristics. Role flexibility and role depth correlated in a different way with the indicators of role competence: role flexibility was more sensitive to many typological personal traits: extraversion, spontaneity, aggressiveness, rigidity, introversion, sensitivity and anxiety. Role depth correlated with spontaneity, anxiety and lability. The results obtained in the empirical study require further justification in relation to other gender-specific aspects, such as the distribution of family roles, the work-family role balance, to clarify the specifics of both women's role competence and gender-role conflicts.
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