Due to the rapid economic and political changes in Ukraine, the problem of psychological assistance is becoming increasingly important. The demand for psycho-correctional, counselling and psychotherapeutic services for the country population is growing. The psychological services to disabled young people, including anti-terrorist operation veterans with past-damage motor disorders, are of particular importance. The programs of socio-psychological support for disabled young people with are being implemented at the state level, but this problem is not sufficiently developed. In order to provide comprehensive psychological assistance to young people with motor disorders, we developed and tested a new program aimed at overcoming the socio-psychological maladaptation of young people with motor disorders. Its main component is a psychological corrective model of psychological mechanisms of social adaptation of young people with motor disorders.
The basic structure of the model is the theoretical model of psychological mechanisms of social adaptation of young people with motor disorders proposed by Shevtsov A.G., Chukhrii I.V. The proposed model covers the psychological means correcting the psychological mechanisms of social adaptation of young people with motor disorders and consisted of an educational part (educational seminars for young disabled people; summer camps for them; press-conferences; lectures; programs of socio-psychological support of young people with motor disorders; round tables) and the psychological corrective work (psychological counselling, individual and group psychotherapy).
The psychological corrective means influence the psychological adaptive strategies of social adaptation used by young people with disabilities. As a result of the proposed means application, these young people can experience the following personal changes: a more stable self-concept; balancing and developed adaptive strategies of social adaptation; increased adaptability, improved self-acceptance, acceptance of others, better emotional comfort, higher independence, deeper cooperation; reduced maladaptation, self-rejection, emotional discomfort, submissiveness, lower external control, less manifestations of aggression, competition, avoidance, depression, defence mechanisms, frustration; increased social activity. The program proposed in the article is effective and can be implemented in the centres for social and psychological rehabilitation of young people with disabilities.
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