The article makes an attempt to determine the psychological factors contributing to development and formation of personal autonomy as it understood in the theory of psychological well-being.
Different personal characteristics influence an individual’s personal autonomy depending on its level. The self-attitude characteristics are in line with personal autonomy; this means that the higher these characteristics are, the higher personal autonomy is. In other words, if an individual believes in his/her own strengths, abilities, energy, independence, in his/her ability to control own life and be self-consistent, self-understanding, if an individual think on him/herself as a confident, independent, strong-willed and reliable person who knows that he/she has something to be respected, he/she also regard him/herself as an autonomous person to the same degree. Low indicators of the Inner-Directed scale show that an individual tends to be dependent on people and situation. So, the desire to get rid of such tendency is the first step to real autonomy. The high levels of autonomy do not influenced by the Inner-Directed indicator, because the problem of dependence is already solved by highly autonomous person. Psychological hardiness, as an individual’s ability to overcome difficulties and turn a stressful situation into prospects for personal growth, can regarded as the base for autonomy development, but it cannot stipulate further development of personal autonomy at attainment of some level.
The performed analysis show that the respondents with high autonomy show better understanding of their meanings of life, their life goal are clearer, they believe that are able to achieve life tasks and goals, which is uncharacteristic for the respondents with average and low personal autonomy. And namely this is a turning point to attain personal autonomy of the higher that average level. We can argue that existing life goals and awareness on own life path create a psychological superstructure allowing an individual to achieve high personal autonomy and experience full-fledged psychological well-being.
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