The article compares different approaches to understanding of personal responsibility as a driving force developing future medical professionals’ psychological readiness to professional work. The article states that the development of future medical specialists’ personal responsibility depends on the growth of their intellectual abilities and consciousness and goes through several stages, from externally oriented forms of responsibility to internal ones, characterized by increased consciousness, criticality, motivation. The development of future medical professionals’ psychological readiness to professional work presupposes existing in-depth meanings of professional self-fulfilment, searches of true Self and its symbolic legalization in the form of personal responsibility. Personal responsibility is a real tool for development of future medical professionals’ psychological readiness to become a professional, if the ability to analyze alternatives of possible medical assistance, to predict consequences of their own actions and to make informed professional choices on this basis comes to the firth place.
Personal responsibility of future medical professionals integrates a set of legal, social and moral and ethical responsibilities, which determines personal awareness of their professional duties and their voluntary performance, as well as the degree of guilt for failure to perform professional duties. At the first stage of future medical professionals’ psychological readiness development, there is an awareness of the extent to which personal responsibility is needed as one of the important components in the structure of psychological readiness. The second stage in readiness development includes decisions on purposes of personal responsibility. The third stage is the need to exercise personal responsibility, which reflects future medical professionals’ need to recognize medicine as a field of their professional actions and to accept the consequences of their work.
The result of highly developed personal responsibility and its manifestation is an accepted personal decision on professional actualization, the desire to make choices independently and to show active and expedient professional actions that meet both the professional standards (external responsibility) and own conscience (internal responsibility). The article proves that existing personal responsibility determines the acquisition and development by future specialists of professional resources in the medical sphere, so such responsibility forms an individual’s professional orientation as a system of dominant needs and motives, attitudes, a professional position. At the same time, formed professional resources determine future medical professionals’ psychological readiness to professional work.
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