The article analyses the concepts of an individual’s emotional intelligence and sanogenic thinking. National and foreign approaches determine the phenomenon of emotional intelligence as an ability to understand own and others' emotions and to manage them. Emotional intelligence assumes development of emotional reactions based on rational beliefs, as well as a clear assessment and differentiation of inadequate or "irrational" and "rational" emotions.
The process of special mental scheme formation that prevents negative emotions is described through the idea of sanogenic thinking, and the psychological ability to the above process is the person’s emotional intelligence.
In addition, the authors provide a comparative analysis of the concepts of emotional intelligence and emotional thinking. Much attention is paid to the determination of the concept of sanogenic thinking and its comparison with the concept of an individual’s emotional intelligence. The work identifies both similar and distinctive features of these two psychological phenomena. Emotional intelligence, like sanogenic thinking, is the ability to combine rational and emotional for effective adaptation to the social environment. One of the distinctive characteristics, describing emotional intelligence is empathy, or the ability to understand what others feel. Both cognitive processes determine an individual’s ability to interact positively with other people. The article determines that both emotional intelligence and sanogenic thinking imply awareness, recognition of emotions by a person. The main differences are analyzed: emotional intelligence is a conceptually much broader concept compared to sanogenic thinking; sanogenic thinking is characterized by personal orientation, as opposed to emotional intelligence; emotional intelligence includes specific components, and sanogenic thinking does not involve components, but is described only in terms of procedural and qualitative characteristics, the latter are similar and close in meaning to the characteristics of emotional intelligence. The specifics of the content of sanogenic thinking are special opinions, ideas, knowledge, with which an individual operates in the process of thinking.
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