The current views of scientists on the problem of forming a child’s relationship with others are analyzed in the article, the theoretical and empirical materials on the research problem are substantiated, as well as the impact of family relationships on the psycho-emotional state of a child. On the basis of modern research, the degree of influence of the nature of family relations on the psycho-emotional state of the child has been revealed. The authors consider the emotional component of family relationships as a leading component in determining their constructiveness, describe family relationships that affect the level of anxiety of preschool children.
Based on the analysis of theoretical scientific sources, it has been suggested that children’s emotional development depended on the style of family upbringing used by parents in everyday interaction.
The program of empirical study of the influence of types of family upbringing on the psycho-emotional development of a preschool child has been developed and implemented.
According to the results of experimental research, the main styles of upbringing were clarified, among which authoritarian, hyperopic, and democratic were singled out.
It is concluded that family upbringing styles determine the emotional state of a child. Applying the authoritarian style, parents do not take into account the human qualities of a child, the main thing is that he has to achieve the results by any means, including against emotional stability. The style of control makes the child constantly worry about the result of the activity. According to the results of the ascertaining research, an increased level of personal anxiety is observed in the upbringing of preschoolers for whom an authoritarian style is used. The democratic style of upbringing has a positive effect on the psycho-emotional state of a child.
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