DIFFERENTIAL APPROACH IN PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF PERSONALITY STRESS RESISTANCE
Oleksandra Kohut
Donetsk Law University
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0116-2274
PDF 98-105 (Українська)

Keywords

stress
stress resistance
differential approach
systemic model of personality stress resistance
integrative development and the formation of personality stress resistance

How to Cite

Kohut, O. (2021). DIFFERENTIAL APPROACH IN PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF PERSONALITY STRESS RESISTANCE. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(6), 98-105. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.6.9.1

Abstract

Theoretical and methodological analysis of personality stress resistance in systemic discourse made it possible to reveal the content of psychological patterns of personality stress resistance. Stress resistance of a personality is considered as a system-integrative personality trait, which provides predictability of psychobiological reactions to stress, makes it possible to carry out high-quality professional selection of workers in hazardous to life and health professions, differentiate the characteristics of stress resistance of specialists in polyprofessional areas, which will reduce the risks of emotional burnout of the personality under the influence of organizational stress factors ; supports the optimization of socio-cultural and organizational-behavioral strategies for overcoming highly complex and emergency situations, directing the resources of the individual to overcome critical situations - abnormal crisis, internal and external conflicts, frustrations and stressful situations; provides skills for providing psychological assistance to people suffering from dangerous situations. This optimization avoids or mitigates the effects of stress; contributes to the implementation of value-semantic transformations of post-stress consequences, motivating a person to overcome dangerous situations.

A comprehensive diagnostic technique of personality stress resistance has been developed and tested, and the content of the criteria has been revealed: psychobiological, sociocultural, organizational and behavioral. Psychobiological criterion: resistance to neuropsychic tension, low level of neuroticity, absence of fears and aggressive states. Sociocultural criterion: the use of constructive protection in aggressive working conditions; a high level of communicative tolerance, adequate communicative control, self-confidence and acertivity, positive motivation to perform professional duties, balanced character structures, mastery of strategies for overcoming conflict situations, etc. Organizational and behavioral criterion: social adaptation; frustration tolerance; constructive coping strategies (focus on solving problems, seeking social support), an increased index of volitional self-regulation, the presence of a meaning in life, etc.

 

PDF 98-105 (Українська)

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