The paper examines personal characteristics that may affect the propensity for procrastination of women, in particular, self-esteem, self-regulation, the ability to make and implement decisions.
Cluster analysis was used for the division of the participants into groups according to the level of propensity for procrastination. The clustering took into account the indicators on the scales of the methods "Scale of general procrastination" by C. H. Lay and "Procrastination scale" by B. W. Tuckman. Based on the clustering tree and the k-means method, two clusters with high and low levels of procrastination were determined. Further differences between these groups were analyzed on the basis of comparative, correlation and factor analysis.
Women prone to procrastination show lower levels of self-esteem, self-regulation and subjective control. The external locus of control is combined with a tendency to procrastinate and delay the decision-making.
The internal dissatisfaction with themselves, negativism in assessing their abilities and readiness for self-blame were observed. The inability to plan one's behavior, to build realistic, detailed, hierarchical, effective plans affects the tendency to procrastinate both in everyday affairs and in decision-making. As shown by factor analysis, these participants can overcome their procrastination tendencies by increasing a positive attitude towards themselves and their abilities, as well as developing the ability to manage their arbitrary behavior during the process of setting and achieving goals.
Women who are not prone to procrastination are internally motivated, tend to build adequate and constructive plans for the future, demonstrate a high level of self-regulation determined by intrinsic motivators. Programming life goals, taking into account external and internal conditions, evaluation of the results and correction of their activity play an important role in various areas of activity of this category of women.
Based on comparative and factor analysis, it can be argued that self-regulation plays a key role in overcoming the desire to procrastinate and put things off.
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