EXISTENTIAL FULLNESS OF EMPLOYED RETIREMET-AGE WOMEN AND MEN
Tetiana Partyko
Ivan Franko National University in Lviv
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3096-8202
Nadiia Levus
Ivan Franko National University in Lviv
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5898-5944
PDF 78-87 (Українська)

Keywords

existential fullness
adaptability
harmony of relations
employment
persons of retirement age

How to Cite

Partyko, T., & Levus, N. (2021). EXISTENTIAL FULLNESS OF EMPLOYED RETIREMET-AGE WOMEN AND MEN. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(4), 78-87. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.4.8

Abstract

The role of adaptability and harmonius interpersonal relations on achievement of existential fullness by retirement age people was analyzed with the performed empirical study. The Existence Scale (ESK) (Längle, Orgler), S. Dukhnovsky’s method examining disharmony in interpersonal relations and the Social and Psychological Adaptation Questionnaire (C. Rogers and R. Diamond) were used. The study involved 100 employed people of retirement age (59-75 years), of which 46 women (average age was 63.6 years) and 54 men (average age was 64.9 years).

Employed people of retirement age were characterized by moderate understanding of life meaning, women and men did not have significant differences in their existential fullness. Interpersonal relationships were mainly harmonious; women had a greater tendency to compromise and to control aggressive manifestations in comparison with men. Both women and men were moderately adapted to the social environment.

Also, men and women showed a close link between existential fullness and retirement-age people’s tendency to adaptation, especially with regard to such characteristics as self-acceptance, acceptance of others, emotional comfort and internality. An important condition for employed retirement-age people’ existential fullness and understood life meaning was their self-confidence and positive self-attitude, friendly attitude to others and expectation of positive evaluation from them, as well as self-perception as an active subject of their activities. Adaptation and acceptance of others contributed to harmonious interpersonal relationships, and vise versa, if employed retirement-age people had harmonious relationships with others, they were better adapted. The link between harmonious interpersonal relationships and existential fullness is mainly mediated by an individual’s adaptive abilities, but this link can be direct at men.

Women showed a wider range of links between harmony and adaptability, but men showed a wider range of links between harmony and existential fullness. If women tended to dominate in interpersonal relationships, demonstrating their superiority over others, they were likely to narrow their inner distance from themselves and their ability to assess a situation from the outside became worse, but their tensions decreased markedly. As for men, the role of dominance increased with age, but its effect on the existential fullness and harmony of relationships was not revealed. Women who avoided problems had increased tension and aggressive intentions, but it was unlikely to affect their existential experiences; on the contrary, as for men, problems avoiding reduced their ability to self-transcendence and freedom and was unlikely to affect the harmony of relationships with others. Women’s acceptance of others and emotional comfort were more closely linked to existential fullness in comparison with such characteristics at men.

 

PDF 78-87 (Українська)

References

Danylenko, N. V., Yelchaninova, T. M. (2020). Osoblyvosti zadovolenosti zhyttiam ta zhyttiestiikosti liudei pensiinoho viku [Peculiarities of life satisfaction and resilience of people of retirement age]. Naukovyi visnyk Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Seriia: Psykholohichni nauky, 2, 100–108. https://doi.org/10.32999/ksu2312-3206/2020-3-12. [in Ukrainian]

Karhina, N. V. (2017). Osoblyvosti ekzystentsiinoi spovnenosti osobystosti z riznem rivnem psykholohichnoho blahopoluchchia [Features of the existential fullness of the individual with different levels of psychological well-being]. Materialy naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh ta studentiv “Problemy suchasnoi psykholohii osobystosti”, 8, 78–84. http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1590. [in Ukrainian]

Kremenchutska, M. K. (2014). Psykholohichni problemy liudei litnoho viku [Psychological problems of the elderly]. Aktualni problemy sotsiolohii, psykholohii, pedahohiky, 2014, 2, 143–148. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/apspp_2014_2_23. [in Ukrainian]

Langle, A., Orgler, Ch., Kundi M. (2003) The Existence Scale. A new approach to assess the ability to find personal meaning in life and to reach existential fulfillment. European Psychotherapy. N 4(1), 13–51.

Levenets, N. V. (2019). “Subiektyvne blahopoluchchia” ta “ekzystentsiina napovnenist”: skhozhist ta vidminnosti [“Subjective well-being” and “existential fullness”: similarities and differences]. Materialy Norvezko-Ukrainskoi konferentsii, prysviachenoi diialnosti F. Nansena v Ukraini u 1921–1922 rokakh. http://dspace.univer.kharkov.ua/handle/123456789/15022. [in Ukrainian]

Maksymets, S. M., Shrubovych, M. O. (2019). Psykholohichni aspekty roboty z liudmy pokhyloho viku [Psychological aspects of working with the elderly]. Aktualni problemy osobystisnoho zrostannia, 80–82. https://cutt.ly/dzOKVMI. [in Ukrainian]

Nesterova, A., Zhuchkova, S. (2018). Faktornaja struktura udovletvorjonnosti zhizn'ju v pozhilom i starcheskom vozraste: social'no-psihologicheskij podhod [Factor structure of life satisfaction in elderly and old age: sociopsychological approach]. Bulletin of Moscow Region State University. Series: Psychology, 1, 60–72. https://doi.org/10.18384/2310-7235-2018-1-60-72 [in Russian].

Novikova, Z. (2019). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti emotsiinoi sfery ta kopinh-stratehii osib pokhyloho viku [Psychological features of the emotional sphere and coping strategies at aging]. Psykholohichnyi chasopys, 5(8), 161–173. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.8.10. [in Ukrainian]

Panfilov, D. (2018). Eksperymentalne vyvchennia ekzystentsiinykh danostei buttia osobystosti [The experimental study of the existential givens of personal existence]. Psykholohichnyi chasopys, 4(2), 99–110. https://doi.org/10.31108/2018vol12iss2pp99-110. [in Ukrainian]

Yeremytskyi, D. A., Popovych, I. S. (2018). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti sotsialnykh ochikuvan liudei pokhyloho viku [Psychological features of social expectations of the elderly]. Insait: zbirnyk naukovykh prats studentiv, aspirantiv ta molodykh vchenykh, 83–85. http://eKhSUIR.kspu.edu/handle/123456789/6841. [in Ukrainian]

Zinchenko, O. S. (2015). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti liudei litnoho viku: teoretychnyi analiz problemy [Psychological features of the elderly: a theoretical analysis of the problem]. Naukovi zapysky Nizhynskoho derzhavnoho universytetu im. Mykoly Hoholia. Psykholoho-pedahohichni nauky, 2, 28–34. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nzspp_2015_2_7. [in Ukrainian]

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/