Iryna Hubeladze
Institute of Social and Political Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
PDF 122-130 (Українська)


psychological ownership
sense of ownership
psychological appropriation
psychological factors
need for property
self investment
intimate knowledge

How to Cite



Ownership is considered as a social and psychological phenomenon based on the basic instinctive need for property, which satisfaction is closely linked to personality formation and group consciousness functioning. Cognitive and emotional attachment between a person and an owned object affects an individual’s self-perception and behavior. The article studies deep experiences underlying a sense of ownership. The motives of psychological appropriation define general directions of human activities and energy applied to them. The main motives of psychological appropriation are control, self-investing into time and resource, intimate knowledge of an owned object, self-efficiency, identity and feeling of belonging. We have substantiated that the satisfaction of property needs helps satisfaction of people’s basic needs: for security, respect and accepting by others, as well as for self-realization and self-determination. The article purpose is to determine empirically basic motives that prompt a person to psychological appropriation of owned objects of various natures: tangible, intangible and abstract.

The empirical study on the semantic field of psychological nature of property and motivation of psychological appropriation was represented. Ownership was seen as subjective perception by a person that something belonged to him/her, without binding to the presence or absence of legally recognized laws. We tried to reflect various measurements of psychological possession motivation depending on types of owned objects: material, intangible or abstract. Polls with open issues were carried out among 150 respondents. Each of the respondents were answered a separate question for each type of ownership. The content analysis of the statements was applied in order to analyze the answers. The obtained data on the possessive motivation depending ownership types and an owners gender were presented. There were no significant differences as for age. Three aspects were particularly important to all respondents: (a) impact and control over an owned object, (b) the right to independent, unique use and (c) inaccessibility to others. The results will lay the basis for further scientific exploration in this area.


PDF 122-130 (Українська)


Beaglehole, E. (2015). Property: A Study in Social Psychology. London. Psychology Press.

Bettleheim, B. (1969). The Children of the Dream. MacMillan, London.

Dittmar, H. (1992). The Social Psychology of Material Possessions: To Have is to Be.

Dzheyms, U. (1991). Psikhologiya [Psychology]. Moskva [in Russian].

Furby, L. (1978). Possessions in Humans: An Explanatory Study of Its Meaning and Motivation. Social Behavior and Personality. 6. 1. 49-65.

Jussila, I., Tarkiainen, A., Sarstedt, M. &Hair, J.F. (2015). Individual Psychological Ownership: Concepts, Evidence, and Impications for Research in Marketing. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice. 23 (2), 121-139. DOI: 10.1080/10696679.2015.1002330

Karahanna, E., Xin Xu, S.& Zhang, N. (2015). Psychological Ownership Motivation and Use of Social Media. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 23:2, 185-207 DOI:

Karnyshev, A.D., Burmenko T.D., Ivanova Ye.A. (2006). Chelovek i sobstvennost' [Man and Property]. Irkutsk: Izd-vo BGUEP [in Russian].

Khazratova, N.V., Lutsenko, M.YU. (2011). Potreba u vlasnosti yak sotsial’no-psykholohichnyy fenomen [The need for property as a socio-psychological phenomenon]. Psykholohiya osobystosti [Psychology of personality]. 3. 113-121 [in Ukrainian].

Klymchuk, V. O. (2015). Motyvatsiynyy dyskurs osobystosti: na shlyakhu do sotsial’noyi psykholohiyi motyvatsiyi [Motivational discourse of personality: on the way to social psychology of motivation]. Monohrafiya. Zhytomyr: Vyd-vo ZHDU im. I. Franka [in Ukrainian].

Leturno, SH. (1889). Evolyutsiya sobstvennosti [The evolution of property]. SPb [in Russian].

Maslou, A. (2019). Motivaiya i lichnost' [Motivation and personality]. Piter. [in Russian].

Mead, G. H., 1934: Mind, Self and Society. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Otto, L. B., 1975: Socialization and acquisitiveness. Paper presented at the National Science Foundation Conference on societal implications of energy scarcity: Social and technological priorities in steady state and constricting systems. Portland, Oregon, June 7-8.

Ozler, H., Yilmaz, A., Ozler, D. (2008). Psychological ownership: an empirical study on its antecedents and impacts upon organizational behaviors. Problems and Perspectives in Management. 6. 3. 38-47.

Payps, R. (2008). Sobstvennost' i svoboda [Property and freedom]. M.: Moskovskaya shkola politicheskikh issledovaniy. [in Russian].

Peck, J., Shu, S. B. (2018). Psychological Ownership and Consumer Behavior. Springer International Publishing. 263 pp. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-77158-8

Pierce, J.L., Kostova, T. & Dirks, K.T. (2002). The state of psychological ownership: Integrating and extending a century of research. Review of General Psychology. 7(1). DOI: 10.1037//1089-2680.7.1.84

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -