Ownership is considered as a social and psychological phenomenon based on the basic instinctive need for property, which satisfaction is closely linked to personality formation and group consciousness functioning. Cognitive and emotional attachment between a person and an owned object affects an individual’s self-perception and behavior. The article studies deep experiences underlying a sense of ownership. The motives of psychological appropriation define general directions of human activities and energy applied to them. The main motives of psychological appropriation are control, self-investing into time and resource, intimate knowledge of an owned object, self-efficiency, identity and feeling of belonging. We have substantiated that the satisfaction of property needs helps satisfaction of people’s basic needs: for security, respect and accepting by others, as well as for self-realization and self-determination. The article purpose is to determine empirically basic motives that prompt a person to psychological appropriation of owned objects of various natures: tangible, intangible and abstract.
The empirical study on the semantic field of psychological nature of property and motivation of psychological appropriation was represented. Ownership was seen as subjective perception by a person that something belonged to him/her, without binding to the presence or absence of legally recognized laws. We tried to reflect various measurements of psychological possession motivation depending on types of owned objects: material, intangible or abstract. Polls with open issues were carried out among 150 respondents. Each of the respondents were answered a separate question for each type of ownership. The content analysis of the statements was applied in order to analyze the answers. The obtained data on the possessive motivation depending ownership types and an owners gender were presented. There were no significant differences as for age. Three aspects were particularly important to all respondents: (a) impact and control over an owned object, (b) the right to independent, unique use and (c) inaccessibility to others. The results will lay the basis for further scientific exploration in this area.
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