THE DYNAMICS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLCHILDREN’S VALUE-MEANING ORIENTATION
Iuliia Prykhodko
Dragomanov National Pedagogical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2594-4900
Maryna Lukianenko
Dragomanov National Pedagogical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9615-0104
PDF 59-69 (Українська)

Keywords

value orientation
values
value hierarchy
priority
table of value ranks
personality of a primary schoolchild

How to Cite

Prykhodko, I., & Lukianenko, M. (2021). THE DYNAMICS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLCHILDREN’S VALUE-MEANING ORIENTATION. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(2), 59-69. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.2.5

Abstract

Modern economic, cultural, political and social-psychological changes in Ukrainian society, European integration and the national revival are evidence of transformational processes that cause changes in the hierarchy of values and influence young people’s value orientations. Thus, the study of modern primary schoolchildren’s value-meaning orientations is important for psychological science and pedagogical practice. The article purpose is to analyze the implemented empirical study on the hierarchy and dynamics of value-meaning orientations in the primary school age.

The article describes the methodology for studying the value- meaning sphere and the essence of the concepts of “values” and “value orientations”. The value- meaning sphere is the core of a personality; it covers an individual’s value orientations and personal meanings. Value orientations are a form of inclusion of social values ​​into an individual activities and behavior; they are formed on the basis of interiorization of the society values ​​.

The following methods were used in our empirical study: “Three desires” for first-year schoolchildren (L. Bozovic), “Flower - seven-colors” for second-year schoolchildren (I. Vitkovskaya) and “Unfinished sentences” for third-forth-year schoolchildren (J. Nuttin). The sample consisted of 217 primary schoolchildren in rural areas. Statistical analysis of the obtained ata was carried out using SPSS (v. 25.0). To compare the studied different classes, the Mann-Whitney U-test and the Kruskal-Wallis test (H-test) were used.

The hierarchy and dynamics of value orientations at primary school were studied. The upper part in the Table of Value Ranks included: material, hedonistic, nature ​​and altruistic values for first-year schoolchildren; material, family, hedonistic and altruistic values for second-year schoolchildren; altruistic, material, ego-values ​​and values ​​of learning for third-year schoolchildren; altruistic, affiliate ​​and learning values for forth-year schoolchildren. The lower part in the Table of Value Ranks included: existential, affiliate, civic, aesthetic values for first-year schoolchildren; ego-, future profession, civic and aesthetic values for second-year schoolchildren; nature, profession, civic and aesthetic values for third-year schoolchildren; profession, nature, civil and aesthetic values for forth-year schoolchildren.

The statistical criteria used in the study found that the value orientations changed depending on primary schoolchildren’s age. Values, which rank increased significantly with age, were: altruistic, existential, civic, affiliate, ego- ​​and learning values. With age, ranks of such values as family, nature, profession, and hedonistic values ​​decreases statistically. The rank of material values ​​somewhat decreases with age, while the rank of aesthetic values ​​remains unchanged throughout the primary school age. They occupy the lower part in the Table of Value Ranks, which, in our opinion, indirectly indicates insufficient attention to aesthetic education, both at school and in family.

Thus, the results of our research allow us to assert that primary schoolchildren’s value-semantic orientations change as for their priority ​​during primary school education. These changes are consistent with the patterns of mental development of children at this age and with the changes occurring with the approach of adolescence.

Further studies on schoolchildren’s value-meaning sphere are seen in the study of the influence of the locus of control and gender characteristics on its formation, as well as the influence of family education and the media.

 

PDF 59-69 (Українська)

References

Abul'hanova, K.A. (1999). Psihologija i soznanie lichnosti. (Problemy metodologi, teorii i issledovanija real'noj lichnosti): izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy [Psychology and consciousness of the individual. (Problems of methodology, theory and research of the real person): selected psychological works]. Moskva: Moskovskij psihologo-social'nyj institut. Trudy. [in Russian]

Anan'ev, B.G. (2010). Chelovek kak predmet poznanija [The person as an object of knowledge] (3-e izdanie). Sankt-Peterburg: Piter. [in Russian]

Bardi, A., Lee, J. A., Towfigh, N., Soutar, G. (2009). The structure of intra-individual value change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, P. 913-929. doi: 10.1037/a0016617

Bondarchuk, O.I. (2005). Sotsialno-psykholohichni chynnyky motyvatsii profesiinoho vdoskonalennia osobystosti kerivnykh kadriv osvity: naukovo-metodychnyi posibnyk [Social and psychological factors motivating the professional development of senior education personnel: a methodological guide] (Rozdil 2). Kyiv: Lohos. [in Ukrainian]

Boryshevskyi, M. (2010). Doroha do sebe: vid osnov subiektnosti do vershyn dukhovnosti: monohrafiia [The road to oneself: from the foundations of subjectivity to the peaks of spirituality: monograph]. Kyiv: Akademvydav. [in Ukrainian]

Bratus', B.S. (2019). Anomalii lichnosti. Psihologicheskij podhod [Personality anomalies. Psychological approach] (издание 2). Moskva: Nikeja. [in Russian]

Bubeck, M., Bilsky, W. (2004). Value structures at an early age. Swiss Journal of Psychology. Vol. 6, № 1. Р. 31–41. doi: 10.1024/1421-0185.63.1.31

Bulakh, I.S. (2009) Tsinnisni oriientatsii v konteksti osobystisnoi pozytsii suchasnoho pidlitka [Values in the context of the contemporary adolescent’s personal position]. Mizhnarodnyi naukovyi forum: sotsiolohiia, psykholohiia, pedahohika, menedzhment. Vypusk 1, (pp. 115-131) Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Cieciuch, J. (2013). Kształtowanie się systemu wartości od dzieciństwa do wczesnej dorosłości: monographiae [The formation of the value system from childhood to early adulthood: monographiae]. Warszawa: Liberi Libri. [in Poland]

Dolynska, L.V. (2008). Psykholohiia tsinnisnykh oriientatsii maibutnoho vchytelia : navchalnyi posibnyk [The psychology of the value orientation of a future teacher: a training manual]. Kamʼianets-Podilskyi : FOP Sysyn O.V. [in Ukrainian]

Döring, A.K., Blauensteiner, A., Aryus, K., Drögekamp, L., Bilsky, W. (2010). Assessing values at an early age: The Picture-Based Value Survey for Children. Journal of Personality Assessment. Vol. 92. № 5. Р. 439–448. doi: 10.1080/00223891.2010.497423

Inglehart, R., Welzel C. (2010). Agency, values, and well-being: A human development model. Social indicators research. Springer. Vol. 97, №. 1. P. 43-63. Netherlands. doi: 10.1007/s11205-009-9557-z

Janickij, M.S. (2000). Cennostnye orientacii lichnosti kak dinamicheskaja sistema [Personal values as a dynamic system]. Kemerovo: Kuzbassvuzizdat. [in Russian]

Karpenko, Z.S. (2009). Aksiolohichna psykholohiia osobystosti: monohrafiia [Personality axiological psychology: monograph]. Ivano-Frankivsk: Lileia-NV. [in Ukrainian]

Leont'ev, D.A. (2011). Metodika izuchenija cennostnyh orientacii. Psihologija obshhenija. Jenciklopedicheskij slovar' [Methodology for the study of value orientation. Psychology of communication. Encyclopedic dictionary]. Redaktro (red. A. Bodalev). Moskva: Kogito-centr. [in Russian]

Lukianenko, M. M. (2018). Rozvytok tsinnisnoi sfery molodshoho shkoliara [Development of the value sphere of junior schoolboy]. Naukovyi chasopys Natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M. P. Drahomanova. Seriia 12: Psykholohichni nauky: zb. nauk. prats. Vyp. 7 (52). 120-126. Rezhym dostupu: http://enpuir.npu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/21505/1/Lukianenko.pdf [in Ukrainian]

Maio, G.R. (2010). Mental representations of social values. Advances in experimental social psychology. Academic Press. Vol. 42. Р. 1-43. Burlington, doi: 10.1016/S0065-2601(10)42001-8

Mjasishhev, V.N. (1998) Psihologija otnoshenij: izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy [Relationship psychology: selected psychological works]. Moskva: Institut prakticheskoj psihologii; Voronezh: NPO «MODJeK». [in Russian]

Prykhodko, Yu.O. (2020) Tsinnisni oriientatsii yak chynnyk rozvytku osobystosti [Values as a factor in personal development]. Zbirnyk tez Vseukrainskoi naukovo-praktychnoi internet-konferentsii z nahody vidznachennia Dnia nauky-2020 v Ukraini, (pp. 374-377) Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Radchuk, H.K. (2009). Aksiopsykholohiia vyshchoi shkoly : monohrafiia [Higher school axiopsychology: monograph]. Ternopil: TNPU. [in Ukrainian]

Rokeach, M. (1973). The nature of human values. New York: Free Press.

Romaniuk, L.V. (2004). Tsinnisni oriientatsii: sutnist, struktura i psykholohichni mekhanizmy rozvtku [Values: nature, structure and psychological mechanisms]. Камянець-Подільський: Абетка-НОВА. [in Ukrainian]

Rubinshtejn, S.L. (2015). Osnovy obshhej psihologii [Fundamentals of general psychology]. Redaktor (red. A.V. Brushlinskij, K.A. Abul'hanova-Slavskaja). Sankt-Peterburg: Piter. [in Russian]

Schwartz, S.H., Cieciuch, J., Vecchione, M., Davidov, E., Fischer, R., Beierlein, C., Ramos, A., Verkasalo, M., Lönnqvist, J.-E., Demirutku, K., Dirilen-Gumus, O.,Konty, M., (2012). Refining the theory of basic individual values. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 103. № 4. Р. 663–688. doi: 10.1037/a0029393

Seryj, A.V. (1999). Janickij M.S. Cennostno-smyslovaja sfera lichnosti [Value-semantic sphere of personality]. Kemerovo.: KemGU. [in Russian]

Suraeva, G.Z., Myshkina, M.S. (2007). Izuchenie motivacionno-smyslovoj sfery lichnosti s ispol'zovaniem metoda kontent-analiza otvetov na nezakonchennye predlozhenija Dzh. Njuttena: uchebnoe posobie [Study of the motivational and meaning sphere of the person using the method of content-analysis of responses to unfinished sentences of J. Nuttan: training manual]. Samara: Izdatel'stvo «Univers grupp». [in Russian]

Vygotskij, L.S. (2005). Pedagogicheskaja psihologija [Pedagogical psychology]. Redakor (red. V. V. Davydova). Moskva: AST: Astrel': Ljuks. [in Russian]

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/