PSYCHOANALYSIS AND PSYCHOANALYTIC PSYCHOTHERAPY IN UKRAINE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC UNFOLDING: THE RESULTS OF PRACTITIONERS’ SURVEY
Mariana Velykodna
Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6269-793X
Halyna Tsyhanenko
State University of Economics and Technology
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1950-157X
PDF 20-33

Keywords

Covid-19
Pandemic
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
Psychoanalysis
Ukraine

How to Cite

Velykodna, M., & Tsyhanenko, H. (2021). PSYCHOANALYSIS AND PSYCHOANALYTIC PSYCHOTHERAPY IN UKRAINE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC UNFOLDING: THE RESULTS OF PRACTITIONERS’ SURVEY. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(1), 20-33. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.2

Abstract

The paper presents some specifics of psychoanalytic practice in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic unfolding, based on the results of the survey of 71 Ukrainian psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic psychotherapists after a month of lockdown. The majority of respondents tried to continue their practice in new conditions, the more experienced practitioners were more successful. However, 1/6 of the respondents had to suspend their practice. Those who continued practicing noted that their patients had experienced new intense feelings, mostly fear, anxiety, being “castrated”, aggression and anger, hope and hopelessness. About a half of the respondents mentioned complementary changes in transference and countertransference, which was also associated with the duration of practical experience, certification status, guidelines from psychoanalytic associations, and patients’ readiness to speak on pandemic-related or quarantine-related topics. While the majority of respondents confirmed perceived support from colleagues, they were chiefly dependent on associations’ attentiveness and, surprisingly, the main method.

 

PDF 20-33

References

Aibel, M. (2020). The joy of the session (notes from the pandemic quarantine). Attachment: Volume 14 Number 2 / Special Issue – Attachment in the Time of the Pandemic. pp. 193-203(11). doi: 10.33212/att.v14n1.2020.193

Bagaric, B., Jokic-Begic. (2020). Measuring therapists' attitudes toward integration of technology in psychotherapy and predicting their use of technology. Journal of clinical psychology. 2020; 1–22. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22967

Benvenuto, S. (2020). The virus and the unconscious. My Diary. European Journal of Psychoanalysis. Issue “Psychoanalysts Facing Coronavirus”. Date of access 05/02/2020. Available at: https://www.journal-psychoanalysis.eu/the-virus-and-the-unconscious-my-diary/

Bolanos, J., Lucero J., Raz, F. B. (2020). A pandemized world: the human being in the face of its own exclusion as a species. European Journal of Psychoanalysis. Issue “Psychoanalysts Facing Coronavirus''. Date of access 05/02/2020. Available at: https://www.journal-psychoanalysis.eu/a-pandemized-world-the-human-being-in-the-face-of-its-own-exclusion-as-a-species/

Blackman, J. S. (2020). A psychoanalytic view of reactions to the coronavirus pandemic in China. The American Journal of Psychoanalysis. 80(3). pp. 119–132. doi: 10.1057/s11231-020-09248-w

Bronstein, A. A. (2020). The case of J: Working as a psychoanalyst during the Pandemic. The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 101(4), 797-804. doi: 10.1080/00207578.2020.1799524

Bugliani, A. (2020). "You have to do this, and only this": a plea for clinical flexibility at the time of coronavirus. Attachment: Volume 14 Number 2 / Special Issue – Attachment in the Time of the Pandemic. pp. 214-226(13). doi: 10.33212/att.v14n2.2020.214

Catz, H., Ferruta, A., Francesconi, M., Goisis, P. et al. (2020). Fear of Lockdown Psychoanalysis, Pandemic Discontents and Climate Change. Publisher: Frenis Zero.

Dodds, J. (2020). Elemental Catastrophe: Ecopsychoanalysis and the Viral Uncanny of COVID-19. Stillpoint: Digital Magazine in the Eye of the Storm, Issue 004 (Apocalypse). Date of access 05/03/2020. Available at: https://stillpointmag.org/articles/elemental-catastrophe-ecopsychoanalysis-and-the-viral-uncanny-of-covid-19/

Elise, D. (2019). Creativity and the Erotic Dimensions of the Analytic Field. Routledge.

Elise, D. (2020). The Erotic Body. Psychoanalysis.Today. Issue 12 «The Body and Psychoanalysis».

Ellis, M. L. (2020). Dissenting colleagues; power, alienation, vulnerability. Psychodynamic Practice, 26:2, 124-135, doi: 10.1080/14753634.2020.1745677

Gentile, J. (2020). Time may Change Us: The Strange Temporalities, Novel Paradoxes, and Democratic Imaginaries of a Pandemic. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. 68(4):649-669. doi: 10.1177/0003065120955120

Humer, E., Pieh, C., Kuska, M., Barke, A., Doering, B. K., Gossmann, K., ... & Probst, T. (2020). Provision of Psychotherapy during the COVID-19 Pandemic among Czech, Germanand Slovak Psychotherapists. International Journal of Environmental Research and PublicHealth, 17(13), 4811. doi:10.3390/ijerph17134811

Johanssen, J. (2020). Social Media and Coronavirus: Paranoid-Schizoid Technology and Pandemic? Human Arenas. doi: 10.1007/s42087-020-00162-2

Kegerreis, S. (2020). Some thoughts on working psychoanalytically through the pandemic – The state of the good object. Psychodynamic Practice, 26:4, 364-368, doi: 10.1080/14753634.2020.1830657

Klein, M. (1932). The psycho-analysis of children. London: Hogarth Press.

Lesley, M. (2020). Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Moral Injury in Nurses on the Frontlines of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association. 27(1). doi: 10.1177/1078390320960535

Lima, C. D.; de. (2020). Psychoanalytical Investigation of Clinical Phenomena in Psychosis, in the Pandemic Context of COVID-19. Psychology. 11(12):1837-1853. doi: 10.4236/psych.2020.1112116

Lippin, R. (2020). The lockdown. Psychodynamic Practice. 26:3, 221-226, doi: 10.1080/14753634.2020.1781331

Malater, E. (2020). The Logical Time of Ending a ZOOM Session as a Metaphor for the Terror of the Current Situation. European Journal of Psychoanalysis. Issue “Psychoanalysts Facing Coronavirus”. Date of access 05/02/2020. Available at: https://www.journal-psychoanalysis.eu/the-logical-time-of-ending-a-zoom-session-as-a-metaphor-for-the-terror-of-the-current-situation/

McWilliams, N. (2020). Psychotherapy in a Pandemic. Psicoanalisi applicata alla Medicina, Pedagogia, Sociologia, Letteratura ed Arte. Date of access 05/02/2020. Available at: http://web.tiscali.it/cispp/mcwilliamsPANDEMIC.htm

Rizq, R. (2020). What have we lost? Psychodynamic Practice, 26:4, 336-344, doi: 10.1080/14753634.2020.1845068

Rossi, R.S., Ferro, M. (2020). Skype as a protected means to live a relationship. International Forum of Psychoanalysis, 29:3, 188-191, DOI: 10.1080/0803706X.2020.1738549

Rowlandson, B. (2020). Cellos in the dark: managing attachment bonds in the time of Covid-19. Attachment: Volume 14 Number 2 / Special Issue – Attachment in the Time of the Pandemic. pp. 204-213(10). doi: 10.33212/att.v14n2.2020.204

Shah, D. (2018). Arrogance in countertransference. In Arrogance (pp. 115-129). Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9780429429682-8

Sloane, J. (2020). Remote or close? Notes on working psychoanalytically by videoconference. Attachment: Volume 14 Number 2 / Special Issue – Attachment in the Time of the Pandemic. pp. 227-241(15). doi: 10.33212/att.v14n2.2020.227

Steele, H. (2020). COVID-19, Fear and the Future: an attachment perspective. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 17(2).

The Ukrainian Association of Psychoanalysis. Website. Date of access 09/08/2020. Available at: http://pa-uap.org/

The Ukrainian Psychoanalytic Society. Website. Date of access 09/08/2020. Available at: https://psy-a.in.ua/

The Ukrainian Union of Psychotherapists. Website. Date of access 09/08/2020. Available at: https://usp.community/register

Varela, Y. (2020). On the use of teleanalysis during COVID-19 in Panama. Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy in China. 3(1):154-157. doi: 10.33212/ppc.v3n1.2020.154

Velykodna, M. (2021). Psychoanalysis during the COVID-19 pandemic: several reflections on countertransference. Psychodynamic practice. doi: 10.1080/14753634.2020.1863251

Velykodna, M., Frankova, I. (2020). Psychological and psychotherapeutic assistance during the COVID-19 pandemic: current challenges. In Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice. Vol 5, Issue 1, doi: 10.26766/PMGP.V5I1.213

Velykodna, M., Tsyhanenko, H. (2020). Which theories and conceptions do psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic psychotherapists consider helpful in their practice during the COVID-19 pandemic unfolding in Ukraine? Psychological journal. Issue 6(8), 88-100. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.8.7

Western, S. (2020). Covid-19: An intrusion of the Real The unconscious unleashes its Truth. Electronic Essay on Academia.edu. Date of access 05/02/2020. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/42201252/Covid-19_An_intrusion_of_the_Real_The_unconscious_unleashes_its_Truth

Winnicott, D. W. (1957). Mother and child: A primer of first relationships.

Yuran, A. (2020). On tendencies manifested by COVID-19. Psy.Media. Date of access 05/08/2020. Available at: https://psy.media/aiten-yuran-o-viruse/

Zangrilli, Q. (2020). Coronavirus and Psychic Regression. Psicoanalisi e Scienza. Date of access 05/03/2020. Available at: https://www.psicoanalisi.it/english/205936/

Zizek, S. (2020). Pandemic. COVID-19 Shakes the World. Cambridge: Polity.

Zwart, H. (2018). Vampires, Viruses and Verbalisation: Bram Stoker’s Dracula as a genealogical window into fin-de-siècle science. Janus Head: Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature, Continental Philosophy, Phenomenological Psychology, and the Arts, 16 (2):14-53.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/