EMOTIONAL LEADERSHIP AS A FACTOR OF EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY UNITS: THE ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN RESEARCH
Vitaly Lagodzinsky
Research Center for Humanitarian Problems of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7081-9578
PDF 35-46 (Українська)

Keywords

emotional intelligence
emotional leadership
emotional leadership in the military service

How to Cite

Lagodzinsky, V. (2020). EMOTIONAL LEADERSHIP AS A FACTOR OF EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY UNITS: THE ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN RESEARCH. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(11), 34-46. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.11.4

Abstract

 

 

The article purpose is to present the theoretical analysis and determine how to use military personnel’s emotional intelligence skills for management of a military unit.

We used theoretical research methods: the analysis of theoretical sources discussing service members’ leadership formation based on the concept of emotional leadership, a comparative analysis of the reviewed theoretical materials.

Foreign authors’ works devoted to emotional intelligence and emotional leadership among military personnel were analysed. The basic principles of a leader’s emotional intelligence were revealed, which meant a leader’s capability to use emotional intelligence in order to improve the managing efficiency for military units.

A number of issues that need to be addressed were identified, namely: influence of military leaders’ emotional intelligence skills on post-traumatic stress overcoming and mitigating of negative consequences associated with a psychological trauma; influence of leaders’ emotional intelligence on military unit management and relations between military personnel’s emotional competence, leadership attributes and technical and tactical skills; programs for assessment and development of service members’ emotional intelligence and emotional leadership in order to improve unit management by control over service members’ emotions, other people’s emotions and groups’ emotions and implementation of such programs.

The study results has confirmed that service members’ emotional leadership skills should be developed to improve unit management efficiency, since such skills are necessary for management, emotional leadership  improves management skills at all, social responsiveness and interactions with a team.

 

PDF 35-46 (Українська)

References

Ahaiev, N. A., Kokun, O. M., Pishko, I. O., Lozinska, N. S., Herasymenko, M. V., & Tkachenko, V. V. (2014). Psykholohichne zabezpechennia rozvytku liderskykh yakostei maibutnikh ofitseriv. [Psychological bases of realization of the task of the higher military school concerning formation of the future officer as the leader]. K.: Metodychnyi posibnyk. Naukovo-doslidnyi tsentr humanitarnykh problem zbroinykh syl Ukrainy. Ministerstvo oborony Ukrainy - Methodical manual. Research Center for Humanitarian Problems of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Ministry of Defence Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]

Lahodzinskyi, V.V. (2019). Teoretychnyi analiz poniattia «emotsiine liderstvo» yak odnoho iz vydiv liderstva. [Theoretical analysis of the concept of "emotional leadership" as one of the types of leadership]. Aktualni problemy psykholohii : zb. nauk. pr. In-tu psykholohii im. H. S. Kostiuka NAPN Ukrainy. T. I : Orhanizatsiina psykholohiia. Sotsialna psykholohiia. Ekonomichna psykholohiia - Actual problems of psychology: a collection of scientific works of the Institute of Psychology. GS Kostyuk NAPS. TI: Organizational psychology. Social Psychology. Economic psychology, 54, 55–61. [in Ukrainian]

Rozhdestvenskyi, A., & Monzani, L. (2020). Liderstvo na poli boiu: doslidzhennia viiskovoho liderstva v Ukraini. [Leadership on the battlefield: a study of military leadership in Ukraine]. Retrieved from https://lvbs.com.ua/news/liderstvo-na-poli-boyu-doslidzhennya-vijskovogo-liderstva-v-ukrayini/. [in Ukrainian]

Tkachuk, P. P. (2010). Liderstvo serzhanta ta ofitsera (psykholoho-pedahohichnyi aspekt). [Sergeant and officer leadership (psychological and pedagogical aspect)]. Navch. posibn. - Tutorial, Lviv: ASV. [in Ukrainian]

Khmiliar, O.F. (2018). Kontseptsiia liderstva za standartamy armii krain NATO (Conception of leadership in accordance with the armies standards of NATO countries) : navchalnyi posibnyk. K.: NUOU im. Ivana Cherniakhovskoho. [in Ukrainian]

Abrahams, D. S. (2007). Emotional Intelligence and Army Leadership: give it to me straight. Military review. March-April 2007. Retrieved from https://www.armyupress.army.mil/Portals/7/military-review/Archives/English/MilitaryReview_20070430_art015.pdf

Aguilar, S., George, B. (2018). Emotional Intelligence in the decision-making process of the military leadership. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327664059_Emotional_Intelligence_in_the_decision-making_process_of_the_military_leadership

Aguilar, S., George, B. (2019) A Review of the Linkages between Emotional Intelligence and Leadership in the Military Forces. Business Ethics and Leadership 3 (2). Retrieved from https://armgpublishing.sumdu.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/files/bel/volume-3-issue-2/3.pdf DOI: http://doi.org/10.21272/bel.3(2).29-38.2019/.

Bar-On, R. (1997). The Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i): A test of emotional intelligence. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.

Deveci, S. (2016). The role of emotional intelligence in the military transformation process. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Retrieved from https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1028319.pdf.

Deyanira, G., Sankar, S., Nuzulul, I. (2020). The impact of emotional intelligence in the military workplace. Human Resource Development International. 1-17. DOI: 10.1080/13678868.2019.1708157.

Field Manual № 6-22. Leader Development. Headquaters. Departement of the Army. Washington DC, June 2015. Retrieved from https://fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm6-22.pdf

González Marín, A.; Peña Pan, L.; Arboleda Guirao, I. de J. (2019). Emotional intelligence and work performance in the air Force: an empirical study. Revista de Pensamiento Estratégico y Seguridad CISDE, 4(1), 67-89. (www.cisdejournal.com) Retrieved from http://www.uajournals.com/cisdejournal/journal/7/5.pdf.

Guirao, A., Marin, G., Pan, P. (2019). Emotional intelligence in the military. Publicaciones Didacticas. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/reader/235850530

Gürsoy, A., Güllüce, A. Ç. (2011). Emotional intelligence for leadership (utilizing leadership characteristics for leaders with emotional intelligence): a case study in turkish military. Journal of academic approaches. 2 (2). Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/39464.

Hudson, K. A., (2016). Emotional Intelligence and Self-Efficacy in Military Leaders. Dissertations. 35. Brandman University. Brandman Digital Repository Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.brandman.edu/edd_dissertations/35

Jerus, R. (2015). Military and Emotional Intelligence. Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/soldiers-emotional-intelligence-robert-jerus-sphr

Livingstone, H., Nadjiwon-Foster, M., Smithers, S. (2002). Emotional Intelligence and Military Leadership. Report Prepared for the Canadian Forces Leadership Institute. Ottawa.

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R., & Sitarenios, G. (2001). Emotional intelligence as a standard intelligence. Emotion, 1(3), 232–242. https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.1.3.232.

McMichael, R. A. (2017). Кnow thyself - emotional intelligence and canadian armed forces leadership. Canadian Forces College. JCSP 43. Retrieved from https://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/402/286/mcmichael.pdf.

Miranda, Ricardo H. (2016).The Correlation Between Emotional Intelligence and Decision Making Among Military Police Officers. Dissertations. Brandman University. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/217368716.pdf/.

Oden, K. B., Lohani, M., McCoy, M., Crutchfield, J., Rivers, S. (2015). Embedding emotional intelligence into military training contexts. 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015) and the Affiliated Conferences, AHFE 2015. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.976

Onay, M., Dinçer, H., Gürsoy, A. (2011). Emotional intelligence ability of leaders as strategic decision makers: an empirical study on the turkish military. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi, İİBF Dergisi ( C.XIII, S II, 2011 ). Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/18918

Purvis, K. J.(2011). Four Decades and Five Manuals: U.S. Army Strategic Leadership Doctrine, 1983-2011 School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. AY 2011 Retrieved from http://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/utils/getfile/collection/p4013coll3/id/2729/filename/2730.pdf

Sewell, G. F. (2014). Emotional intelligence for military leaders: The pathway to effective leadership.

Singh, U. (2014). Emotional Intelligence and leadership in Indian armed forces. Doctoral Dissertation: Osmania University. Retrieved from https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/handle/10603/24811

Taylor-Clark, T.M. (2015). Thesis Title: Emotional Intelligence Competencies and the Army Leadership Requirements Model. Master’s Thesis. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College ATTN: ATZL-SWD-GD Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-2301. Retrieved from https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a623911.pdf

Walters, S. L. (2018). Emotional Intelligence and Leader Development: Measuring Trait Emotional Intelligence Scores of Mid- Career Commissioned U.S. Army Officers. A Dissertation Presented to The Faculty of the Educational Leadership Doctoral Program Western Kentucky University Bowling Green, Kentucky. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1147&context=diss.

Waxler, M. (2020). Emotional Intelligence and the Modern Military Advisor. NCO Journal. Retrieved from https://www.armyupress.army.mil/Portals/7/nco-journal/images/2020/April/EI/Emotional-Intelligence.pdf.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/