The article stresses importance to develop schoolchildren’s individuality. Scientific psychological and pedagogical works on the problem of individuality development were reviewed and it has been determined that the examined phenomenon can be formed if it is helped by positive motivation and effective goal-setting, adequate self-esteem, a sense of self-worth, the desire for self-knowledge and self-development, the optimal level of anxiety, developed self-control and self-regulation, a formed subjective position at learning. At the same time, the involvement of schoolchildren into musical activities has a positive effect on such personal qualities that characterize their individuality, including creativity, spiritual and moral culture, moral ideas, emotional sensitivity, cultural tolerance, general educational actions, self-knowledge, experience of interpersonal interactions, mental skills. The performed review has revealed that special scientific studies on the development of schoolchildren’s individuality during musical activities are absent.
The formation of an individuality is a complex multidimensional, rather long-time process, but it can be accelerated with corresponding psychological conditions (such as the optimal level of anxiety, adequate self-esteem, positive motivation for learning, effective goal-setting, developed self-control and self-regulation, creativity, positive experience of interpersonal interaction) and with special means.
The educational-developmental musical tasks with elements of social-psychological education, aimed at development at schoolchildren of self-cognition, a positive attitude towards themselves, emotional balance, the ability to set goals independently and achieve them, self-regulation, high volitional qualities against impulsivity, good voluntary attention, cognitive interests, creative abilities, communication skills, benevolence, sensitivity, tolerance are, at the same time, an effective means developing their individuality.
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