The article substantiates the necessity for scientific studies on the impact of the quarantine on a person’s mental and psychological states. The examples of modern research and approaches solving the problem are given. The research results are summarized: during the quarantine, almost all people show many symptoms of psychological stress, have various disorders (low mood, insomnia, anxiety, irritation, emotional exhaustion). We have noted that the quarantine, namely, the restriction of social activities, communications, constant background excitement affect a person’s cognitive processes.
The main consequences of long lockdown are presented: anxiety, stress, aggressiveness, emotional exhaustion. Attention is focused on the influence of the quarantine on teachers with obvious occupational burnout, their burnout syndrome was manifested in physical, emotional, motivational exhaustion, decreased productivity at work, rapid fatigability, a tendency to somatic diseases, and the use of various psychoactive substances in order to obtain temporary relief.
General-education school teachers’ occupational burnout syndromes were examined before the quarantine (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and decline in personal achievements) and after returning to work (tension, resistance, exhaustion) and the results are shown. The necessity of conducting training sessions (visual art therapy) to reduce emotional exhaustion has been substantiated.
The performed scientific review has shown that visual art therapy is an effective psychotherapeutic method, working with clients’ feelings and emotions, exploring them and representing them symbolically. The positive influence of drawing is described (feelings expressed in a socially acceptable manner, the formed sense of internal control and order, sublimation, a created positive emotional atmosphere in a group, etc.). The effectiveness of psychotherapeutic influence has been examined and proven if the following stages are implemented: informing about art therapy, activation of motivation for changes, raised interest. The results of the training work are summarized, its advantages are indicated (the created favourable, safe atmosphere for work, the beneficial effect of group work, the formed necessary skills, the sense of security).
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