COMPUTER ADDICTION, INTERNET ADDICTION AND CYBER ADDICTION (HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF THE DEFINITIONS)
Yuliіa Asieieva
Odessa National Medical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3086-3993
PDF 57-65 (Українська)

Keywords

computer addiction
Internet addiction
cyber addiction
virtual reality
personal computer

How to Cite

Asieieva, Y. (2020). COMPUTER ADDICTION, INTERNET ADDICTION AND CYBER ADDICTION (HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF THE DEFINITIONS). PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(6), 57-65. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.6.6

Abstract

The author provides the historical overview of the following concepts: computer addiction, Internet addiction and cyber addiction. The views of scientists on the definitions of these concepts are analyzed. Based on the analysis results, our own definitions are proposed. The research methods were: theoretical analysis and generalization of socio-psychological, medical-psychological, psychological and pedagogical literature, as well as interdisciplinary analysis.

The author emphasizes that most scientists understand computer addiction, Internet addiction and cyber addiction as a mental disorder that affects an individual’s normal life and has its own manifestations and processes. These phenomena are not yet recognized at the official level and are not included into ICD-10 disease classification or DSM IV disorders (however, their inclusion is planned in future editions of these classifiers). At present, the symptoms and medical history are not adequately described, the criteria for distinguishing between Internet addictions, computer addictions, and gambling addiction are not clearly defined, and some new types of cyber addictions are still not well understood and are not taken into account by the international classifiers of diseases. Nevertheless, they exist in our reality and allow us to talk about a person as a victim of cyber socialization.

The article author comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to distinguish between these concepts. Summarizing the manifestations characteristic of Internet addiction and cyber addiction, their main features are highlighted: the impossibility of subjective control over the use of the Internet that leads to a person’s maladaptation, has a negative impact on their interpersonal relationships, health, work, study, emotional, psychological state, financial status etc., characteristic, however, for any dependent behavior. Internet addiction and cyber addiction include the following components: 1) a feature, «overvaluation» (salience) 2) mood changes; 3) increase tolerance; 4) tolerance withdrawal symptoms 5) conflict with others and by oneself; 6) relapse.

So, the problem of distinguishing between computer addiction, Internet addiction and cyber addiction is relevant and is a relatively young area of scientific knowledge that requires further study.

 

PDF 57-65 (Українська)

References

Ajmedov, K.V. (2008). Kliniko-psihologicheskie aspekty komorbidnyh rasstrojstv addiktivnogo spektra [Clinical and psychological aspects of addiction spectrum comorbid disorders]. Tavricheskij zhurnal psihiatrii — Taurida Journal of Psychiatry, 12, 1 (42), 4-8. [in Ukrainian].

Babaeva, YU.D., Vojskunskij, A.E., & Smyslova, O.V. (2000). Internet: vozdejstvie na lichnost' [Internet: impact on personality]. Gumanitarnye issledovaniya v Internete — Humanitarian research on the Internet. (pp. 11-39). Moscow: Mozhaysk-Terra. [in Russian].

Bol'bot, T.YU. (2004). Faktori riziku rozvitku kompyuternoї zalezhnostі v ocib molodogo vіku [Risk factors for computer addiction at a young age]. Ukr. Vіsnik Psihonevrologії — Ukr. Bulletin of Psychoneurology, 12, 4, 75-80. [in Ukrainian].

Voronov, D.I. (2013). Komp'yuternaya zavisimost' i social'no-psihologicheskie zakonomernosti ee proyavleniya [Computer addiction and the socio-psychological laws of its manifestation]. Vestnik CHerepoveckogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta — Bulletin of the Cherepovets State University, 2, 3 (50), 167-171. [in Ukrainian].

Enikolopov, S.N., Kuznecova, YU.M., Cibul'skij, N.P., & CHudova, N.V. (2017). Specifika agressii v internet-srede [The specifics of aggression in the Internet environment]. Psihiatriya — Psychiatry, 1, 268. [in Russian].

ZHukova, M.V. (2018). Komp'yuternaya zavisimost' kak odin iz vidov addiktivnoj realizacii [Computer addiction as one of the types of addictive implementation]. Pedagogika i psihologiya — Pedagogy and Psychology, 120-129. [in Russian].

Іsakova, T.O. (2018). Іnternet-zalezhnіst' yak novij fenomen suchasnogosvіtu: sutnіst' і problemi [Internet addiction as a new phenomenon of the modern world: the essence and problems]. (pp. 47). Kyiv: National Institute for Strategic Studies. [in Ukrainian].

Korolenko, C.P., & Dmitrieva, N.V. (2001). Psihosocial'naya addiktologiya [Psychosocial Addictology]. (pp. 251). Novosibirsk: Olsib. doi: ISBN 5-901048-06-7. [in Russian].

Kudashkіna, O.Z. (2011). Kіbersocіalіzacіya yak novij vid socіalіzacії u vіrtual'nomu seredovishchі [Cybersocialization as a new type of socialization in a virtual environment.]. Socіal'na pedagogіka: teorіya ta praktika: Metodichnij zhurnal — Social pedagogy: theory and practice: Methodical journal. Luhansk: Taras Shevchenko LNPU Publishing House "Alma Mater". 1, 12-18. Retrieved from http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/portal/Soc_Gum/Sptp/2011_1/2 pdf [in Ukrainian].

Kuzhel', І.YU. (2015). Іnternet-zalezhnіst' yak aktual'na problema suchasnoї shkoli [Internet addiction as an urgent problem of modern school]. Vіsnik CHernіgіvs'kogo nacіonal'nogo pedagogіchnogo unіversitetu — Bulletin of Chernihiv National Pedagogical University. Series: Pedagogical sciences. 124, 86-89. Retrieved from http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/_2015_124_24 [in Ukrainian].

Mendelevich, V.D. (2005). Psihologiya deviantnogo povedeniya [Psychology of deviant behavior]. St. Petersburg.: Speech. doi: ISBN 5-9268-0387-Х. [in Russian].

Nosov, N.A. (2000). Virtual'naya psihologiya [Virtual psychology]. Moscow .: Agraf. [in Russian].

Pleshakov, V.A. (2018). Kibersocializaciya cheloveka: ot Homo Sapiens’a do «Homo Cyberus’a» ? [Human cyber socialization: from Homo Sapiens’a to Homo Cyberus’a ?]. Voprosy vospitaniya — Education issues. Moscow: MPSI. 1 (2), 92-97. [in Russian].

Smirnova, A.A., Zaharova, T.YU., & Sinogina, E.S. (2017). Kiberugrozy bezopasnosti podrostkov [Cyber threats to adolescent security]. Nauchno-pedagogicheskoe obozrenie — Scientific and pedagogical revie. 3 (17), 99-107. [in Russian].

Smokova, E.YU., & Bogush, S.B. (2017). Vliyanie razvitiya informacionnyh tekhnologij na social'no-psihologicheskoe razvitie lichnosti [The influence of the development of information technology on the socio-psychological development of the individual]. Territoriya nauki — Territory of Science, 1, 80-84. [in Russian].

Shherbacheva, P.P., & Usty`nova, N.A. (2017). Vliyanie kiberaddikcii na lichnost' podrostka [The influence of cyberraddication on the personality of a teenager]. Gumanitarnyj nauchnyj zhurnal — Humanitarian Scientific Journal, 1, 93-99. [in Russian].

Davey, S., & Davey, A. (2015). Assessment of smartphone addiction in Indian adolescents: A mixed method study by systematic-review and meta-analysis approach. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5(12), 150-151.

Davis, R., Flett, G., & Bessre, A. (2002). Validation of a new scale for measuring problematic Internet use: Implications for pre-employment screening. CyberPsychol. Behavior, 5, 4, 331-345.

Goldberg, I. Internet addiction disorder. (1996). URL: Psychom.net. Retrieved from http://www.psycom.net.

Griffiths, M.D. (1996). Internet «addiction»: an issue for clinical psychology? Clin. Psychology Forum, 5, 97:32-3.

Griffiths, M.D., Kuss, D.J., & Billieux, J. (2019). The evolution of Internet addiction: A global perspective. Addictive Behaviors, 193-195.

Hall, A., & Parsons, J. (2001). Internet Addiction: Student case study using best practices in cognitive behavior therapy. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 23, 4, 312-327.

Hawi, N. (2018). Identifying commonalities and differences in personality characteristics of Internet and social media addiction profiles: traits, self-esteem, and self-construal. Behaviour & Information Technology, 110-119.

Kandell, J.J. (1998). Internet addiction on a college campus: The vulnerability of college students. CyberPsychol. Behavior, 3, 2, 1:11-17.

Kemp, S. (2020). Digital 2020: 3.8 billion people use social media. Wearesocial and Hootsuite. Retrieved from https://wearesocial.com/blog/2020/01/digital-2020-3-8-billion-people-use-social-media.

Shotton, M.A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency. Basingstoke: Taylor & Francis.

Suler, J. (2008). Image, action, word: interpersonal dynamics in the photo-sharing community. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 11, 555-560.

You J., & Bongwon, S. (2019). Is smartphone addiction different from Internet addiction? comparison of addiction-risk factors among adolescents. Behaviour & Information Technology,1-16.

Young, K. (1999). Internet Addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyber. Psychol. Behavior, 1, 237-244.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/