The article presents the study on university students’ ethnic tolerance. Tolerance is regarded as an essential element in modern culturally, ethnically, religiously and politically multi-ethnic society. The development of the concept of an ethnic tolerance in modern psychology is reviewed. It has been revealed that ethnic tolerance is related with social processes and interethnic interactions. The influence of interethnic interactions on ethnic tolerance was determined. Many theoretical models exists the field of intergroup relations, but the concept of social tolerance is still very ambiguous. The formation of ethnic tolerance reflects the psychological aspects of inter-ethnic communications associated with different types of social relations in society.
The article puts a special emphasis on tolerance in the students’ environment, because tolerance among students has great practical significance, especially in multi-ethnic societies.
Also, the article presents the research methods used in the modern psychology to study the complexity, uniqueness, specificity of ethnic tolerance in society. The need for a practical study of ethnic tolerance has been proved. The prospects for further research on ethnic tolerance and ethnic identity has been determined.
The results of the study on students’ ethnic tolerance are presented in the article. The data analysis revealed the factors influencing students’ ethnic tolerance in the Lviv Polytechnic National University (Ukraine), the study involved 152 students. The obtained results showed that chosen methods were valid and reliable tools for ethnic tolerance assessment.
The prospects for further research on ethnic tolerance are determined. The conclusion is made on the need for further study of the formation of good ethnic tolerance in order to harmonize interethnic relations of young people. The model of ethnic tolerance formation can be applied in psychological research of all countries.
Soldatova G.U. (1998). Psikhologiya mezhetnicheskoy napryazhennosti [Psychology of inter-ethnic tensions]. Moskva : Smysl [in Russian].
Orban-Lembryk L. (2008) Tolerantnist yak osnova adekvatnykh vzaiemyn u polikulturnomu sviti [Tolerance as the basis of adequate relationships in the multicultural world.]. Sotsialna psykholohiia, no. 4, 73-85. Kyiv. (in Ukra-inian).
Kyrylenko T.S. (2008) Tolerantnist ta harmoniia osobystosti [Tolerance is his harmony of osobystosti]. Tolerantnist ta harmoniia osobystosti, vol. 11, 130-136. Lutsk : «Vezha» Volyn. nats. un-tu im. Lesi Ukrainky. (in Ukrainian).
Skok A.H. (2016) Osoblyvosti etnichnoi tolerantnosti molodi [Features of ethnic tolerance of youth]. Aktualni problemy psykholohii, vol.7, no.42, 194-201. Zhytomyr: Vyd-vo ZhDU. (in Ukrainian).
Hryva O.A. (2005) Sotsialno-pedahohichni osnovy formuvannia tolerantnosti u ditei i molodi v umovakh poli kulturnoho seredovyshcha [Socio-pedagogical bases of tolerance formation in children and youth in conditions of cultural environment]. Kyiv : Vyd. PARAPAN. (in Ukrainian).
Vasyliukha O.V. (2016) Etnichna tolerantnist: kontseptualizatsiia poniattia [Ethnic Tolerance: The Conceptualization of the Concept]. Visnyk ONU im.I.I. Mechnykova. Sotsiolohiia i politychni nauky, vol.21, no 3(26), 82-88. Odesa. (in Ukrainian).
Chzhan Siaosin. (2016) Metody formuvannia etnichnoi tolerantnosti studentskoi molodi [Methods of formation of ethnic tolerance of student youth]. Naukovyi chasopys Natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M.P. Drahomanova. Seriia 11 Sotsialna robota. Sotsialna pedahohika, no. 22, 103-109. Kyiv: Vyd-vo NPU imeni M.P. Drahomanova. (in Ukrainian).
Giles, H., Reid, S., Harwood, J. (2010). The dynamics of intergroup communication. New York : Peter Lang.
Reid A. Scott (2012). Social Psychological approaches to intergroup communication. The Handbook of Intergroup Communication. Cambridge, pp.249-252.
B. O’Leary (1993). The politics of ethnic conflict regulation : case studies of protracted ethnic conflicts. London ; New York : Routledge.
Dukes F. (1993). Public Conflict Resolution: A Transformative Approach. Negotiation journal, pp.211-221.
Deutsch M. (1973). The Resolution of Conflict: Constructive and Destructive Processes. Yale University Press.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/