The modern world, along with the positive trends in socio-economic development, is characterized by many pressing global problems: social insecurity, financial instability, the depletion of natural resources, the threat of energy crisis, climatic changes, demographic issues, etc. The basis of stable positive changes in the mentioned above situation is the social responsibility as the fulfillment of obligations to society and liability for the consequences of their actions by the agents of social interaction – institutions, organizations, as well as communities and individual members of society.
The research on social responsibility is mainly focused on the organizational level – the evaluation of performed activities and possibilities of a positive impact on the social well-being (environmental security, attractive financial stability, political security, and social communication) of the state, business organizations, scientific and religious institutions. Organizational members, being implementers and initiators of social responsibility for their organization, act as its representatives, but also as independent agents of social interactions. The potential of a person’s positive impact on social well-being cannot be overestimated. The indications of individual social responsibility lay both within and beyond the professional responsibilities (in everyday activities that affect different aspects of life).
The personal aspect of social responsibility is studied in the context of the specifics of society organization (both the responsibilities imposed on an individual and the demands to them from the society) and as a personal trait.
The article describes the content and manifestations of a person’s social responsibility within the framework of the dispositional approach. For this task, scientific publications in psychology and related fields (philosophy, pedagogy, sociology, and management) were reviewed.
The basis of social responsibility as a personal trait is the acceptance by a person of the behavioral standards aimed at improving social well-being; a person’s recognition of the importance of such standards for society; understanding the significance of their actions for other people and the natural environment; willingness to be responsible for their actions. Personal social responsibility is the willingness to voluntary actions, based on understanding and acceptance of their social significance, undertaking a duty to act for the benefit of society: participation in solution of social problems and preventing their occurrence in the near and distant future, while maintaining the personal welfare.
The forms of a person’s social responsibility manifestations, depending on the social well-being sphere, are distinguished. They include prosociality (a tendency towards socially beneficial actions manifested in tolerance, respect for the rights of others, and willingness to help them); responsible consumption (consumption without harm or with minimal impact on the environment; the support of social initiatives; economically favorable consumption that is appropriate for the potential of society and does not harm people’s health); professional social responsibility (assistance to individuals, communities, and society as a whole through quality professional work, professional ethics, and high professional involvement) and responsibility for personal well-being. Socially responsible behavior can be regulated by psychological and non-psychological influence to spread the appropriate forms of behavior in society and to form its internalized norms.
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