The article presents the results of experimental research aimed to form an entrepreneurial culture of adolescents from low-income families. The theoretical-methodological aspects of purposeful influence on their economic socialization process, characteristic for economically deprived families, are substantiated. Two predominant vectors, which could guide adolescents’ socialization in the modern family, are shown: the culture of entrepreneurship and the culture of poverty. Each of them includes a set of personal traits, values, activities, motivations, knowledge and skills, attitudes etc. The idea laying at the heart of the developed, tested and described here program “Forming entrepreneurship at adolescents” is that a leading psychological mechanism of children’s socialization is interiorization of the poverty culture, practiced at low-income families. Consequently, great re-socialization efforts are required to form and further develop the particular economic culture that help adolescents from low-income families participate successfully in consumer, labor, or financial relations, which are the base of the entrepreneurship culture. This process is complicated by coexistence of both value systems (poverty and entrepreneurship) in the economic culture of modern Ukrainian families. Thus, adolescents’ socio-economic views are confused and they have difficulties in socio-economic adaptation, experience a dissonance and, even, conflicts between the affective-value, cognitive, behavioral and moral components of their economic self-consciousness, self-awareness. The structured, systematic, purposeful socio-psychological support for development of their economic culture can help overcome many of adolescents’ intrapersonal and socio-psychological problems in the future. Therefore, the article presents the methodology, structure and empirical results of the purposeful formation of the entrepreneurship at adolescents who are potential carriers of the poverty culture. We proved the effectiveness of the proposed social-psychological training of entrepreneurship for adolescents from low-income families. Active educative methods, one of which is social-psychological training, are shown to be the most relevant for adolescents because of their age-specific characteristics, needs, and internal aspirations.
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