The article studies the development of psychologist-practices’ reflexive thinking on the basis of the psychodynamic approach, which is elaborated in the works of T.S. Yatsenko, an academician of the NAES of Ukraine, and her followers. The psychodynamic approach reveals the functional patterns of the holistic psyche in their unity and, at the same time, relative independency of the conscious and unconscious spheres; it deepens understanding of the nature of psyche dysfunctions as a consequence of actuated psychological defenses.
The study of reflexive thinking development was carried during deep psychological cognition of the holistic psyche. Research attention was focused on the psychological conditions for reflexive thinking development in the process of deep psychological correction with the active social-psychological cognition methods. To determine such conditions, the basic categories of the psychodynamic approach were taken into account, in particular, personal problem, psychological defenses, repression, and resistance. Based on the analyzed empirical material, the following conditions for the reflexive thinking development are highlighted: the objectification of repressed content, the weakening of integrative influences of psychological defenses, one’s individual personality changes, which are determined by the mechanisms of positive disintegration of the psyche and its re-integration at a higher level of development.
The reflexive thinking development during deep psychological correction is carried out on the basis of self-organization, which is a process of self-compilation, self-ordering of a complex dynamic system. The positive disintegration is a mechanism of self-organization, which is caused by weakened integrative influences of psychological defenses. The latter helps a person to be open to a new experience, to receive feedback in a “here and now” situation.
The deep psychological corrective methods are described in the context of a person’s reflexive thinking development: visualized representations, deep-corrective dialogues, interpretations. The article proves that the psychodynamic approach methodologically provides psychological conditions for psychologist-practitioners’ reflexive thinking development in the process of their deep psychological correction.
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