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cognitive behavioral approach
physical health

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The problem of emotional intelligence raises a big interest in the context of training of medical workers, because professional work of doctors is associated with an impact of stressful factors. The ability to keep control over the situation allows to avoid a devastating psychogenic effect on the doctor’s personality and indicates their professionalism. The investigation with the aim of assessment of emotional intelligence has been held among medical students of the second year of study of O.O. Bogomolets National Medical University. There were 343 participants in this experiment. We tend to consider the emotional intelligence more as personality traits, not as abilities and because of this our survey was based on Hall’s method.

On the base of received data, it was established that 5 students have the high level of emotional intelligence only. That is 1,5% of the total participants’ number. The group with mean EI counted 127 students, which is 37,02% of the total amount. The group with low EI turned out to be the most numerical: 211 students and 61,51 % of the total amount. The received data suggest that the mean scores in the group with mean level of EI are generally higher than in the group with low level of EI. The level of «emotional awareness» is 1,62 times higher, «management of one’s own emotions» – 2,93 times, «self-motivation» – 2,02 times, «empathy» – 2,01 times, and «discrimination of other people’s emotions» – 2,36 times. Therefore, the biggest difference is observed in the results of «management of one’s own emotions» – reducing almost by 3 times in the group with low EI.

Because of the prevailing low level of EI among medical students, the necessity of its development has been arisen. It can be achieved by trainings. The concept of creation of trainings should be based on peculiarities of the aim and tasks which they have. In our opinion, the EI trainings should be included in the curriculum in the last years of study. It makes a sense to implement them for medical workers too.

The program of EI training may consist of seven modules with 20 academic hours for each one of them. The modules can be held intermittently. It is planned to devote 6 months to realize the entire program. That is, one module per month can take one day, 10 academic hours, twice per week. The training should be held in the group run by a psychologist (12-15 participants).
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