PSYCHOSOCIAL REHABILITATION OF POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDERS
Spartak Subbota
Institute of Cognitive Modeling
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5660-1954
PDF 78-86 (Українська)

Keywords

rehabilitation
PTSD
stress
coping
recovery
trauma
personality
mental health

How to Cite

Subbota, S. (2021). PSYCHOSOCIAL REHABILITATION OF POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDERS. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(7), 78-86. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.7.8

Abstract

The article shows that one of the key principles of both psychological and social rehabilitation is that people who meet the criteria for diagnosing mental disorders should receive the necessary support to ensure the best possible quality of life, even if they continue to experience the corresponding malignant symptoms. The recognition of the importance of the individual's functioning in the real world for the purpose of recovery from psychiatric illness is reflected in particular in the gradual advancement of the mental health sector from a model of illness to a rehabilitation model of recovery. Renewal in this context means that clinicians and their beneficiaries (patients) are collectively involved in a rehabilitation process designed to enable patients to live, work, study and lead an active social life; the semantic and value stress in this case moves from remission of the patient's psychiatric symptoms to his integration into society and preparation for a full and productive life. From a review of the literature on psychosocial rehabilitation, it appears that significant progress has been made recently in psychotherapeutic interventions for traumatized individuals. It should be noted, however, that although psychosocial rehabilitation is promising for traumatized people, clinicians who apply psychosocial techniques in practical fieldwork may face many obstacles. As a consequence, techniques that have been shown to be effective do not gain acceptance in proportion to their potential benefits.

Based on the reviewed sources, the following models of psychosocial rehabilitation of post-traumatic stress disorder have been identified: methods of patient education; supported education; self-employment and independent living skills; supported household; maintained family relationships; social skills training; supported employment; supported receipt of services.

Each of the eight categories of psychosocial rehabilitation we have noted is a separate psychotherapeutic modality, each of them has already been demonstrated to be effective for the treatment of mental disorders in general, and can be effectively applied to the treatment of PTSD. Each of these categories can be further structured to deal specifically with PTSD issues. Clinicians and mental health researchers need to develop techniques in which each of these categories of psychosocial rehabilitation can become trauma-centered and patients can better learn coping and trauma management.

 

PDF 78-86 (Українська)

References

Bandura, A. (2006). Toward a psychology of human agency. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 164–180.

Бочелюк, В. Й., Панов, М. С. (2019). Діагностика реадаптаційного потенціалу особистості: методологічний аспект. Вісник Харківського національного педагогічного університету імені Г. С. Сковороди. Психологія, 60, 8-24.

Bochelyuk, V.Y., Panov, M.S. (2019).Diagnosis of personality readaptation potential: methodological aspect. Bulletin of G. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University. Psychology, 60, 8-24.

David, W. S., Simpson, T. L., & Cotton, A. J. (2006). Taking charge: A pilot curriculum of self-defense and personal safety training for veterans with PTSD because of military sexual trauma. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21(4), 555–565.

Fenichel, O. (1945). The psychoanalytic theory of neurosis.NewYork: Norton.

Galea, S., Vlahov, D., Resnick, H., Ahern, J., Susser, E., Gold, J., et al. (2003). Trends of probable post-traumatic stress disorder in New York City after the September 11 terrorist attacks. American Journal of Epidemiology, 158 (6), 514–524.

Glynn, S. M., Cohen, A. N., Dixon, L. B., &Niv, N. (2006). The potential impact of the recovery movement on family interventions for schizophrenia: Opportunities and obstacles. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 32 (3), 451–463.

Howard, J. M., & Goelitz, A. (2004). Psychoeducation as a response to community disaster. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 4(1), 1–10.

Johnson, S. B., Langlieb, A. M., Teret, S. P., Gross, R., Schwab, M., Massa, J., etal. (2005). Rethinking first response: Effects of the cleanup and recovery effort on workers at the World Trade Center disaster site. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 47(4), 386–391.

Коширець, В. В., Шкарлатюк, К. І. (2020). Особливості організації особистісного простору військовослужбовців з ознаками ПТСР. Психологічні перспективи, 36, 124-143.

Koshirets, V.V., Shkarlatyuk, K.I. (2020). Features of the organization of personal space of servicemen with signs of PTSD. Psychological Perspectives, 36, 124-143.

Kubany, E. S., Hill, E. E., & Owens, J. A. (2003). Cognitive traumatherapy for battered women with PTSD: Preliminary findings. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 16 (1), 81–91.

MacDonald, H. A., Colotla, V., Flamer, S., & Karlinsky, H. (2003). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the workplace: A descriptive study of worker sexperiencing PTSD resulting from work injury. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 13 (2), 63–77.

Mares, A. S., Kasprow, W. J., & Rosenheck, R. (2004). Outcomes of supported housing for homeless veterans with psychiatric and substance abuse problems. Mental Health Services Research, 6(4), 199–211.

Marrs, R. (1984). Why the pain won’ts to pand what the family can do to help. In S. Breznitz (Ed.), The denial of stress (pp. 85–101). NewYork: International Universities Press.

Маркова, М. В. (2018). Особливості емоційного вигорання та його роль в структурі дезадаптації волонтерів, діяльність яких пов’язана з забезпеченням військових в зоні АТО. Психологічний часопис, 2, 50-66.

Markova, M.V. (2018). Features of emotional burnout and its role in the structure of maladaptation of volunteers whose activities are related to the provision of the military in the ATO area. Psychological Journal, 2, 50-66.

Monson, C. M., Schnurr, P. P., Stevens, S. P., &Guthrie, K. A. (2004). Cognitive-behavioral couple’ streatment for posttraumatic stress disorder: Initial findings. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17 (4), 341–344.

Moses, E. B., & Barlow, D. H. (2006). A new unified treatment for emotional disorders. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 146–150.

Snow, R. (1991). Aptitude-treatment interaction as a framework for research on individual differences in psychotherapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,59, 205–216.

Власенко, С. Б. (2018). Психологічна допомога особам, які знаходяться в стані травматичної кризи. Юридична психологія, 2, 59-71.

Vlasenko, S.B. (2018). Psychological assistance to people who are in a state of traumatic crisis. Legal Psychology, 2, 59-71.

Жиленко, Р. В. (2017). Досвід США у запровадженні системи приятелів у роботі з ветеранами, що страждають на ПТСР. Науковий вісник Ужгородського національного університету. Серія : Педагогіка. Соціальна робота, 2, 102-104.

Zhilenko, R.V. (2017). US experience in introducing a system of friends in working with veterans suffering from PTSD. Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University. Series: Pedagogy. SocialWork, 2, 102-104.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/