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mental health

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The article shows that one of the key principles of both psychological and social rehabilitation is that people who meet the criteria for diagnosing mental disorders should receive the necessary support to ensure the best possible quality of life, even if they continue to experience the corresponding malignant symptoms. The recognition of the importance of the individual's functioning in the real world for the purpose of recovery from psychiatric illness is reflected in particular in the gradual advancement of the mental health sector from a model of illness to a rehabilitation model of recovery. Renewal in this context means that clinicians and their beneficiaries (patients) are collectively involved in a rehabilitation process designed to enable patients to live, work, study and lead an active social life; the semantic and value stress in this case moves from remission of the patient's psychiatric symptoms to his integration into society and preparation for a full and productive life. From a review of the literature on psychosocial rehabilitation, it appears that significant progress has been made recently in psychotherapeutic interventions for traumatized individuals. It should be noted, however, that although psychosocial rehabilitation is promising for traumatized people, clinicians who apply psychosocial techniques in practical fieldwork may face many obstacles. As a consequence, techniques that have been shown to be effective do not gain acceptance in proportion to their potential benefits.

Based on the reviewed sources, the following models of psychosocial rehabilitation of post-traumatic stress disorder have been identified: methods of patient education; supported education; self-employment and independent living skills; supported household; maintained family relationships; social skills training; supported employment; supported receipt of services.

Each of the eight categories of psychosocial rehabilitation we have noted is a separate psychotherapeutic modality, each of them has already been demonstrated to be effective for the treatment of mental disorders in general, and can be effectively applied to the treatment of PTSD. Each of these categories can be further structured to deal specifically with PTSD issues. Clinicians and mental health researchers need to develop techniques in which each of these categories of psychosocial rehabilitation can become trauma-centered and patients can better learn coping and trauma management.
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