ON THE ISSUE OF FORMATION OF THE CONCEPT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL NORM IN THE CONTEXT OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF FUTURE PSYCHOLOGISTS
Iryna Shtykh
Mukachevo State University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8443-3211
PDF 28-37 (Українська)

Keywords

norm
pathology
norm criteria
health
disease
pathopsychological
statistical
adaptive
phenomenological approaches

How to Cite

Shtykh, I. (2021). ON THE ISSUE OF FORMATION OF THE CONCEPT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL NORM IN THE CONTEXT OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF FUTURE PSYCHOLOGISTS. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(4), 28-37. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.4.3

Abstract

In the process of professional training of future psychologists, the ability to recognize the mental norm and deviations from it to identify resources to maintain a healthy part of the psyche during counseling, correctional or psychotherapeutic work with the client is important.

Professional competencies in pathopsychology involve the formation of the concept of norm and pathology in the worldview of future psychologists, because in any activity of a psychologist the forefront is the qualification of the studied psychological phenomenon as normal or pathological.

Purpose. The purpose of this article is a theoretical overview of scientific approaches to understanding the concept of the norm in clinical psychology and its field as pathopsychology, to emphasize the relevance of the concept of the psychological norm in students majoring in Psychology during their training

Methods. Theoretical research is carried out using methods of historical analysis, comparison, systematization, and interpretation of facts.

Originality. Closely related to the concept of the mental norm is the concept of mental and psychological health. The fundamental difference between the terms "mental health" and "psychological health" is that the former characterizes individual mental processes and mechanisms, and the latter - refers to the individual as a whole, is closely related to the manifestations of the human spirit. In the scientific sense, norm and pathology are two extreme points and there is no clear boundary between them, and it is difficult to differentiate them. The continuum between the two extreme points is filled by the so-called boundary conditions. Within the level approach, there are three levels of human existence: somatic, psychological, and level of moral self-awareness. The "ideal norm" can be considered human well-being at all three levels of its existence

Conclusion . Theoretical review of the issue, the problem of mental norms has been and remains controversial not only for pathopsychology, but also for related fields, including medicine. The mental norm is a multidimensional and multilevel formation. There are several approaches in the interpretation of this concept: adaptive, statistical, pathopsychological, phenomenological, from the standpoint of the norm - norm, the norm as an ideal, and many others, but there is no exact, generally accepted, indisputable definition, despite many studies.

We can see the prospect of further research in the direction of analysis of modern world social and philosophical trends in understanding the norm, pathology, disease and psychological health of the individual and their introduction into the educational process of training future psychologists.

 

PDF 28-37 (Українська)

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