THE INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF COMBATANTS' WIVES WHOSE HUSBANDS HAD DIFFERENT WAR EXPERIENCES
Natalia Umerenkova
Institute of Social and Political Psychology, the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3084-2834
PDF 213-228 (Українська)

Keywords

military family
deployment
wife of a serviceman
combatant’s wife

How to Cite

Umerenkova, N. (2020). THE INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF COMBATANTS’ WIVES WHOSE HUSBANDS HAD DIFFERENT WAR EXPERIENCES. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(4), 213-228. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.4.18

Abstract

The article analyzes the empirical study on individual psychological characteristics of combatants’ wives. We studied women whose husbands participated at the anti-terrorist operation at the East of Ukraine (before, during and after their husbands’ deployment). The sample included 135 combatants’ wives (n = 135), including wives of working military personnel (n = 92) and veterans (n = 42). Their husbands were serving or had served at the Armed Forces of Ukraine (n = 89), at the National Guard of Ukraine (n = 36), at the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine (n = 5) and other entities (n = 2). The article analyzed the following parameters: personal and reactive anxiety of combatants’ wives, their coping strategies, motivational orientation in interpersonal communications, signs of their secondary traumatisation on different stages of their husband’s deployment. Differences of wives who were military personnel or did not worked at military bodies were analysed as well. In general, about 50% of combatants’ wives had moderate anxiety and about 40% had high anxiety. The relation between anxiety and coping indicators was identified along with the wives’ desire to accept their partners, to understand them and find compromises. Low anxiety went with better understanding and acceptance of a partner, wiliness to find compromises and, generally, with more harmonious communications. On the contrary, women with high or moderate anxiety sought less often for social support for solving their difficulties. The article makes conclusions about the characteristics helping to decrease anxiety of combatants' wives at different stages of their husbands’ deployment. The recommendations concerning social and psychological support are offered, they can be used in the military or other organisation assisting veterans and their families, wives. Despite some limitations which have to be noticed, these results have important data for further research. Considering lack of the studies in this area in Ukraine, this one can be definitely used to improve the system of social and psychological support for military families in general.

 

PDF 213-228 (Українська)

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