The article considers creativity as a self-actualizing person’s characteristic. A self-actualizing person is characterised by integral properties that are formed during the process of the person’s self-actualization. They arise from correlations of a wide range of personality traits. The significant characteristics of a self-actualizing person are examined by psychologists working in the field of existential humanism, and different authors mentioned common features of these characteristics.
The review of a self-actualizing person’s characteristics described by both foreign and national scientists showed that the universal characteristic of any self-actualizing person, mentioned by all authors, was creativity as a desire for personal growth and the creative ability.
Creativity is understood as a mental process (as a synonym for creative (divergent) thinking), as an ability and as a personal characteristic. The most comprehensive understanding of self-actualization and creativity is presented in the humanistic psychological paradigm, where creative potential is considered as a natural tendency to personal balance, mental health and self-actualization.
According to A. Maslow, a self-actualizing person is a person who lives a fulfilling life, who has reached personal development corresponding to realization in full of all his/her capabilities. Self-actualizing people use their abilities in full and creatively, experience life satisfaction. Creativity is a fundamental characteristic of human nature, the potential given from the birth to everyone, but most people lose this potential during familiarizing themselves with culture, and only a few are able to preserve it. Creativity does not require special talents or abilities. Creativity is a universal human function that supports all forms of self-expression.
Thus, creativity within the framework of self-actualization should be considered as everyday personal creativity– no matter what people do, they do this with a certain attitude, a certain mood that follows from the very nature of their personality. For a person striving for self-actualization, creativity turns into a source of new experience and a driving force for self-development.
Vasileva, O.S., Demchenko, E.A. (2001) Izuchenie osnovnyih harakteristik zhiznennoy strategii cheloveka [Studying the basic characteristics of a person’s life strategy]. Voprosyi psihologii – Psychology Issues, 2, 74-84 [in Russian].
Vinogradova, T. I. (2015) Vzaimosvyaz kreativnosti i individualno-lichnostnyih osobennostey starsheklassnikov [The relationship of creativity and individual-personality characteristics of high school students]. Sibirskiy pedagogicheskiy zhurnal – Siberian Pedagogical Journal, 3. Retrieved from https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/vzaimosvyaz-kreativnosti-i-individualno-lichnostnyh-osobennostey-starsheklassnikov [in Russian].
GavashI, S.Y., Lalakulich, M. M. (2013) Kreativnist yak umova samorealizatsiyi fahivtsya [Creativity as a condition of self-realization specialist]. Problemi suchasnoyi psihologiyi – Problems of modern psychology Problems of modern psychology, 21, 57-68. Retrieved from
Danilyuk, I. V., Burkalo, N. I. (2020) PsihologIchnI osoblivostI samoaktualIzatsIYi osobistostI [Psychological features of self-actualization of personality]. Рsihologicheskiy zhurna – Psychological Journal, 6, (2), 183-192. DOI (Article): https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.2.17 [in Ukrainian].
Drozdova, M. A. (2012) Psihologiya tvorchosti [Psyhology of creativity]. Chernigiv: Vidavets Lozoviy V.M. [in Ukrainian].
Eremina, L. I. (2014) Razvitie kreativnosti lichnosti: psihologicheskiy aspect [The development of personality creativity: psychological aspect]. Obschestvo: sotsiologiya, psihologiya, pedagogika – Society: sociology, psychology, pedagogy, 1, 42-47. Retrieved from https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/razvitie-kreativnosti-lichnosti-psihologicheskiy-aspekt [in Russian]
Maslow, A.H. (1968) Toward a psychology of being. New York: Van Nostrand Reinholdb co. Cop.
Nepomnyaschaya, N. I. (2001) Psihodiagnostika lichnosti: teoriya i praktika [Psychodiagnostics of personality: theory and practice]. М.: VLADOS. [in Russian]
Pavlenko, V. V. (2016) Kreativnist: sutnisna harakteristika ponyattya [Creativity: an essential characteristic of the concept]. Kreativna pedagogika – Creative pedagogy, 11, 120-131. [in Ukrainian]
Retrieved from http://eprints.zu.edu.ua/25862/1/%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BB.%E2%80%99..PDF [in Ukrainian]
Rubinshteyn, S. L. (1973) Problemyi obschey psihologii [Problems of General Psychology]. М.: Pedagogika [in Russian]
Sohan, L. V. (2003) IndivIdualno-osobistIsna tsinnist zhittya: podIyna kartina zhittya ta zhittetvorchIst [Individual-personal value of life: an eventful picture of life and life-giving]. Materiali Vseukrayinskoyi naukovo-praktichnoyi konferentsiyi «Krok za krokom do zhittevoyi kompetentnosti ta uspihu» – Proceedings of the All-Ukrainian Scientific and Practical Conference “Step by Step to Vital Competence and Success» (pp. 8-10). K.: LatI K. Р. [in Ukrainian].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/