The article analyses the main approaches to the problem of a person’s psychological readiness for work in extreme conditions. The theoretical approaches to the definition of “psychological readiness” in modern scientific works are analysed. The stress factors characteristic for fire-fighters-rescuers’ work and the dependence of their effectiveness on development of their corresponding psychological qualities are described. The requirements to personal qualities of fire-fighters-rescuers for successful implementation of their tasks are indicated. The program to form the psychological readiness of future fire-fighters-rescuers for professional work is presented and the results of empirical research on introduction of this program into the practical work of the training centre for future fire-fighters are described.
We assume that introduction of the special program that includes active social and psychological methods and pays attention to the peculiarities of fire-fighters-rescuers’ work of at the initial stage of training will contribute to formation of high psychological readiness of the employees of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine for professional work in extreme conditions.
The article describes personal traits of fire-fighters-rescuers that determine their readiness to work at extreme situations. The psychological portrait of future fire-fighters-rescuers at the initial stage of training is generalized; it determines the structure of psychological readiness: its moral, will, communicative, motivational components. Practical recommendations are given to top-managers and psychologists of the training centres working under the Main Departments of the State Service for Emergency Situations of Ukraine regarding optimization of formation of future fire-fighters-rescuers’ psychological readiness.
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