The study aims to expand the understanding of perceived relatives’ expressed emotion (EE) according to four subscales: lack of support, irritability, criticism and emotional over-involvement towards service users with chronic gastrointestinal diseases. Considering the aim of the study there is a key research question: Are there any differences in the service users’ subjective experience of EE (perceived EE) and its subscales (lack of support, irritability, criticism and emotional over-involvement) according to demographic characteristics, namely gender, marital status and professional status? The study sample includes 118 service users who were undergoing inpatient treatment in the gastroenterology and proctology departments of the "Volyn Regional Clinical Hospital". The study applies methods of theoretical analysis and the Level of Perceived EE (pLEE) Scale. The results of the study indicate that there are no significant differences in pLEE according to professional status. Employed persons have the same indicies of perceived lack of support, irritability, criticism and emotional over-involvement with unemployed service users. Married individuals with chronic gastrointestinal diseases have lower indices of emotional over-involvement and higher indices of perceived lack of support nad iratbility compared to single service users at the level p<0.01. Women experience higher lack of support compared to men at the level p<0.05. The study has an important practical implication, namely developing a psychoeducational program for relatives and healthcare staff of service users with chronic gastrointestinal diseases. It will lead to enhancing the illness-related quality of life in service users.
Bauer, P. V., Hamr, S. C., & Duca, F. A. (2016). Regulation of energy balance by a gut–brain axis and involvement of the gut microbiota. Cellular and molecular life sciences, 73(4), 737-755. doi:10.1007/s00018-015-2083-z.
Brown, G. W., Birley, L. & Wing, J. K. (1972). Influence of family life on the course of schizophrenic disorders: a replication. British Journal of Psychiatry, 129, 125-137.
Cherry, M. G., Taylor, P. J., Brown, S. L., & Sellwood, W. (2018). Attachment, mentalisation and expressed emotion in carers of people with long-term mental health difficulties. BMC psychiatry, 18(1), 257. doi: 10.1186/s12888-018-1842-4.
Cole, J. D., & Kazarian, S. S. (1988). The level of expressed emotion scale: a new measure of expressed emotion. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44(3), 392-397.
Cromby, J., Harper, D., & Reavey, P. (2017). Psychology, mental health and distress. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Gottschalk, L. A., & Gleser, G. C. (1979). The measurement of psychological states through the content analysis of verbal behavior. Univ of California Press.
Nuechterlein, K. H., Snyder, K. S., & Mintz, J. (1992). Paths to relapse: Possible transactional processes connecting patient illness onset, expressed emotion, and psychotic relapse. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 161(S18), 88-96. doi: 10.1192/S0007125000297109.
Pastryk, T., Kireieva, Z., Kordunova, N., & Lyla, M. (2021). Perceived Expressed Emotion in the Illness Narratives of Individuals with Chronic Gastrointestinal Disorders. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 8(2), 189-200. doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2021.8.2.pas.
Person, H., & Keefer, L. (2021). Psychological comorbidity in gastrointestinal diseases: Update on the brain-gut-microbiome axis. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 107, 110209. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.110209.
Ranjan, L. K., Gujar, N. M., & Gupta, P. R. (2022). Sociodemographic predictors of perceived expressed emotions and self-esteem in persons with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Mental Health and Human Behaviour, 27(1), 35. doi: 10.4103/jmhhb.jmhhb_171_21.
Tschan, T., Pfeiffer, S., Gutzweiler, R., & In-Albon, T. (2022). A comparison of expressed emotion between mothers and their adolescent daughters with and without a history of nonsuicidal self-injury. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 16(1), 1-8. doi: 10.1186/s13034-022-00500-y.
Wearden, A. J., Tarrier, N., Barrowclough, C., Zastowny, T. R., & Rahill, A. A. (2000). A review of expressed emotion research in health care. Clinical Psychology Review, 20(5), 633-666.
Zasiekina, L. (2018). Expressed Emotion Towards Individuals with Mental and Physical Health Conditions: A Structured Literature Review. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 5(2), 108-117. https://doi.org/10.29038/eejpl.2018.5.2.zas
Zingone, F., Swift, G. L., Card, T. R., Sanders, D. S., Ludvigsson, J. F., & Bai, J. C. (2015). Psychological morbidity of celiac disease: A review of the literature. United European Gastroenterology Journal, 3(2), 136-145. doi: 10.1177/2050640614560786.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2022 Tetiana Pastryk