PSYCHOCORRECTIONAL PROBLEMS OF EMOTIONAL STATES OF ELDERLY WOMEN WITH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
PDF 107-119 (Українська)

Keywords

cardiovascular diseases
elderly women
psychoemotional states

How to Cite

Oniskovets, B. (2021). PSYCHOCORRECTIONAL PROBLEMS OF EMOTIONAL STATES OF ELDERLY WOMEN WITH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(5), 107–119. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.5.10

Abstract

The article considers the method of development and implementation of a comprehensive program of psychocorrection of emotional states of elderly women with cardiovascular diseases.

The basic provisions of the program, the list and sequence of actions taking into account the certain components of psychoemotional states of patients with cardiovascular diseases are substantiated.

The main components of the psycho-emotional state of elderly women with cardiovascular diseases, which consist of a set of psychophysiological factors, including: the specifics of emotionally negative states: anxiety, depression, asthenia, hostility; clinical manifestations of cardiovascular diseases and concomitant changes in the psycho-emotional sphere; personality traits, including aggression, anxiety, neuroticism and depression in the structure of personal characteristics.

An important pathogenetic role in depression is assigned to increase the activity of the sympathetic - adrenal system, which leads to increased heart rate, blood pressure, myocardial contractility and, accordingly, myocardial oxygen consumption, which leads to cardiovascular disease. Depression also revealed a decrease in vagal activity.

It was determined that elderly women with cardiovascular disease are characterized by high levels of anxiety, as well as pronounced manifestations of anxiety and depression.

The main idea of ​​the proposed comprehensive program of psychocorrection was the following statement: the established components of the psycho-emotional state of elderly patients with cardiovascular disease can purposefully influence the pathogenetic factors of their development and reduce their level through special psychocorrectional and psychoprophylactic measures. features.

The main goal of psychocorrection of elderly women with cardiovascular diseases was based on systemic and genetic modeling approaches and is to maintain physical and mental status.

The following components were included in the complex program: methodological, methodical and system.

The set of psychocorrection measures consisted of 3 blocks that had different goals and content: pedagogical, block to improve the psycho-emotional characteristics of the individual, block to improve physical condition, increase endurance and efficiency.

Game therapy, art therapy and body-oriented therapy were used to achieve psycho-correctional goals of emotional states. According to the formative experiment, the impact on such psycho-emotional characteristics as anxiety - 30%; depression - 38%; asthenia - 42%; hostility - 60%, which proves the effectiveness of the technique.

 

https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.5.10
PDF 107-119 (Українська)

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