MENTAL HEALTH: ESSENCE, MAIN DETERMINANTS, STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMS
Liudmyla Karamushka
G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology, the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0622-3419
PDF 26-37 (Українська)

Keywords

biopsychosocial model
determinants of mental health
state and non-governmental strategies in ensuring mental health
general and profile programs for protection and strengthening of mental health

How to Cite

Karamushka, L. (2021). MENTAL HEALTH: ESSENCE, MAIN DETERMINANTS, STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMS. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(5), 26-37. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.5.3

Abstract

The purpose of the study. Based on the study of foreign experience to analyze the essence of mental health, its main determinants, strategies and programs and to determine the features of the use of foreign approaches in Ukraine.

The results of the study. The article analyzes the essence of mental health based on the analysis of foreign and domestic sources (documents of state and non-governmental organizations, scientific research), defines its role in the life of the individual, society and society.

      It is noted that according to the documents of the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is an integral part of health, is a state of well-being in which a person realizes his abilities, can cope with ordinary life stresses, can work productively and effectively to help his community.

The role of the biopsychosocial model for determining the determinants of mental health is revealed. It is emphasized that according to the biopsychosocial model, a person is a holistic organism in which biological, psychological and social factors are constantly interrelated, so the idea of ​​human health, causes of diseases and its care depends on the characteristics and condition of each of these factors.

Government and non-governmental mental health strategies, general and specialized programs for the protection and promotion of mental health are analyzed in detail.

It is emphasized that Ukraine needs to actively participate in the study, development and implementation of international standards on mental health in Ukraine, improving the culture of the population on this issue, attracting specialists in various fields (physicians, psychologists, social workers) to diagnose mental health problems and various professional groups , implementation of appropriate psychological support programs.

 

PDF 26-37 (Українська)

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