PSYCHOLOGICAL CORRECTION OF GAMBLING ADDICTION AT EARLY YOUTH AGE: APPROACHES AND RESULTS OF THE EMPIRICAL STUDY
Vadym Urkaev
G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology, National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2414-7977
Bogdan Pleskach
G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology, National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2215-6810
PDF 38-48 (Українська)

Keywords

predisposition to gambling
premorbid form of pathological gambling
early youth age
violation of self-determination
psychological correction
group psychological correction
principles of psychological correction

How to Cite

Urkaev, V., & Pleskach, B. (2021). PSYCHOLOGICAL CORRECTION OF GAMBLING ADDICTION AT EARLY YOUTH AGE: APPROACHES AND RESULTS OF THE EMPIRICAL STUDY. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(3), 38-48. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.3.4

Abstract

Low efficiency of gambling addiction treatment makes important psychological correction of gambling predisposition. Existing corrective programs target a wide range of addiction disorders (both chemical and behavioural) and clients’ ages. However, there is a deficit of programs aimed at correcting the propensity to gambling (deviation) for 16-17 year old people. The intervention in this period is especially needed because deviations are transformed most often into pathological addiction at this age. The theoretical basis for psychological correction of predisposition to gambling in early youth age remains insufficiently developed, so our work in this area has the scientific novelty.

The reviewed scientific literature has shown that predisposition to gambling in early youth age is associated with a violation of self-determination. This is manifested in the following features: a broken identity, failure to put forward clear life goals, inability for self-realization in a chosen profession; impossibility to be independent (psychological dependence). The ascertaining experiment was completed with a sample (n = 71) with equal participation of men and women and equal frequency of predisposition to gambling. The obtained results show that the following features increase predisposition to gambling: psychological dependence, co-dependency, broken identity, disorders of self-actualization, lack of clear goals in life and dedication, low self-esteem, psychological distress.

The corrective program was developed on the basis of the following principles: “leading activity”, “systematic development”, “top-down correction”. Based on the listed principles, we can argue that psychological correction in early youth age can help students: find their place in society and life goals, develop self-awareness, and work with causal targets (psychological dependence, broken identity, impaired self-actualization, low self-esteem). It is substantiated that the greatest efficiency of the correctional program can be achieved in the format of “group meetings”, complemented by thematic mini-lectures and psychological techniques. The proposed program included 17 meetings (90–120 minutes each) once a week.

Two correctional groups consisted of 25 persons of early youth age, among which 15 had the predisposition to gambling, participated in the formative experiment. After the formative experiment, only 8 people showed predisposition to gambling. The observed decrease is not an accident, it is a regularity, as evidenced by Wilcoxon W-criterion (p <0.05).

 

PDF 38-48 (Українська)

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