THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF A CRIMINAL’S BEHAVIOR (Criminal Code, art. 152-156, 301, 304)
Liubov Protsyk
State Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5440-5826
PDF 57-65 (Українська)

Keywords

criminal personality
behavior
psychological portrait
illegal acts
child

How to Cite

Protsyk, L. (2020). THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF A CRIMINAL’S BEHAVIOR (Criminal Code, art. 152-156, 301, 304). PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(12), 57-65. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.12.6

Abstract

The article studies of criminals who have committed unlawful acts against children. In particular, the article examines the behavioral characteristics of criminals who have committed offences described in articles 152-156, 301, 304 the Criminal Code of Ukraine, namely: infringe on sexual freedom and sexual inviolability of a child; pornography manufacture, sale or distribution; involvement of minors into criminal activities, drunkenness, begging, gambling. The most common features of criminals who have infringed on sexual freedom and sexual inviolability of a child are: egoism, often turns into egocentrism, when an individual act only to fulfill his/her own interests, desires and inclinations. Criminals by chance and persistent (“evil”) criminals are distinguished. Crimes by chance are predominantly committed under alcoholic intoxication or drug agitation. The persistent type is characterized by persistent aggression, the tendency to resolve conflicts with physical strength, cruelty. People infringing on sexual freedom and sexual inviolability of a child are often also characterized by mental abnormalities of varying degrees. These abnormalities are also revealed in peculiarities of criminals’ value orientations: norms governing sexual relations, humanistic values ​​are ignored by them. Criminals involved in pornography manufacture, sale or distribution of are divided into: pornography authors, manufacturers or distributors. It is almost impossible to detect such criminals; they do not show their sexual deviations in everyday life. A random thing in a frame can become a clue revealing such criminals. Pornography manufacturers have some knowledge and skills in computer technology and in printing industry, own audio and video recording equipment. As for pornography distributors, such people, as a rule, do not suffer from any sexual or mental abnormalities, do not receive obvious satisfaction from being engaged in such activities, and consider their activities only as a job, a way of money earning. As the court practice shows, minors are involved in criminal activities mainly by their family members (parents, siblings, uncles or aunts, and others). Children see criminal examples - drunkenness, fights, begging, etc. - and learn such behavior, consider them as normal or are afraid to complain, so that, join criminals. People consistently involving minors into criminal activities are characterized by developed antisocial features, deformed moral and legal consciousness. The presented criminal types and their behavior are not comprehensive; the article presents only overview.

 

PDF 57-65 (Українська)

References

Bohucharova, O. I. (2016) Psykholohichne portretuvannia v yurydychnii praktytsi ta perspektyvy praktychnoi psykholohii [Psychological portrayal in legal practice and prospects of practical psychology]. Teoriia i praktyka suchasnoi psykholohii № 1. pp. 108-113. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/tpcp_2016_1_22 [in Ukrainian].

Heneralna prokuratura Ukrainy (2020) [Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine] Statystychna informatsiia pro stan zlochynnosti ta rezultaty prokurorsko-slidchoi diialnosti. URL: https://www.gp.gov.ua/ua/statinfo.html [in Ukrainian].

Saity holovnykh upravlin Derzhavnoi sluzhby statystyky Ukrainy (2020) [Sites of the main departments of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Lychnost prestupnyka (1971) [The identity of the offender] Red. kol.: V. N. Kudriavtsev, H. N. Mynkovskyi, A. B. Sakharov. M.: Yuryd. lyt., 356 s. [in Ukrainian].

Bukhanovskaia, O. A. (2001) Seryinye seksualnye sadysty: podkhody k lechenyiu y eho pryntsypy. [Serial Sexual Sadists: Treatment Approaches and Principles] Seryinye ubyistva y sotsyalnaia ahressyia: chto ozhydaet nas v XXI veke? Medytsynskye aspekty sotsyalnoi ahressyy. Materyaly III mezhdunar. nauch. konf. Rostov n/D.: Fenyks, pp. 76–80. [in Russia].

Krymynolohyia (1994) [Criminology] Ucheb. / Pod red. N. F. Kuznetsovoi. Mscow. [in Russia].

Pravovi ta kryminolohichni zasady zapobihannia nasylstvu v simi (2005) [Legal and criminological ambush for fear of violence in the family] Navch. posib. / za zah. red. O. M. Dzhuzhi, I. V. Opryshka, O. H. Kulyka. Kyiv : Nats. akad. vnutr. sprav Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian].

Shalhunova, S. A. (2007) Kharakterystyka osoby vbyvtsi z psykhichnymy rozladamy [Characteristics of an individual with a psychopathic distribution] Problemy zapobihannia zlochynnosti v orhanakh i ustanovakh vykonannia pokaran: Zbirnyk mat. nauk-prakt. konf. (Chernihiv, 21.12.2006). Chernihiv, pp. 116-124 [in Ukrainian].

Brodchenko, O. Y., Lohunova, O. A. (2004) Psykholoho-krymynalystycheskoe obespechenye raskrytyia seryinykh seksualnykh prestuplenyi: Metod. posob. [Psychological and forensic support for the disclosure of serial sexual crimes: Method. allowance] Moscow. [in Russia].

Kozliuk, L. H. (2009) Kryminolohichna kharakterystyka osobystosti zlochyntsia, yakyi vchynyv statevyi zlochyn shchodo nepovnolitnoho [Criminological characteristics of the identity of the offender who committed a sexual crime against a minor]. Avtoref. dys. na zdobuttia nauk. stupennia kand. yuryd. nauk: 12.00.08. Liudmyla Hryhorivna Kozliuk. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].

Kryminolohiia: pidruchnyk (2014) [Criminology: a textbook] V. V. Holina, B. M. Holovkin, M. Yu. Valuiska ta in.; za red.. V. V. Holiny, B. M. Holovkina. Kharkiv: Pravo. [in Ukrainian].

Khilchenko, S. V. (2008) Metodyka rozsliduvannia poshyrennia pornohrafichnykh predmetiv [Methods of investigating the spread of pornographic objects] Kyiv : Vyd. Palyvoda A. V. [in Ukrainian].

Palianychko, D. H. (2013) Metodyka rozsliduvannia zlochyniv, poviazanykh iz dytiachoiu pornohrafiieiu [Methods for investigating crimes related to child pornography] Dys. ... kand. yuryd. nauk : spets. 12.00.09 «Kryminalnyi protses ta kryminalistyka; sudova ekspertyza». Odesa. [in Ukrainian].

Palianychko D. H. (2015) Osoba zlochyntsia yak element kryminalistychnoi kharakterystyky zlochyniv, poviazanykh iz dytiachoiu pornohrafiieiu [The identity of the offender as an element of the forensic characterization of crimes related to child pornography] Yurydychnyi visnyk, 1., pp. 138–142. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/urid_2015_1_26 [in Ukrainian].

Topolskova I. O. (2003) Kryminalno-pravovi ta kryminolohichni aspekty borotby iz vtiahnenniam nepovnolitnikh u zlochynnu abo inshu antyhromadsku diialnist [Criminal law and criminological aspects of combating the involvement of minors in criminal or other anti-social activities] Dys. ... kand. yuryd. nauk : 12.00.08. Luhansk. [in Ukrainian].

Veselovska N. O. (2015) Pro deiaki trudnoshchi vyiavlennia prychyn vtiahnennia nepovnolitnikh u zlochynnu diialnist [About some difficulties in identifying the reasons for the involvement of minors in criminal activities] Yurydychna nauka. № 8. S. 158–163. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/jnn_2015_8_19 [in Ukrainian].

Sytnik O. M. (2018) Kryminolohichna typolohiia osib, yaki vchyniaiut vtiahnennia nepovnolitnikh u zlochynnu diialnist [Criminological typology of persons who involve minors in criminal activities] Prykarpatskyi yurydychnyi visnyk, 1 (22), pp. 194–197. URL: http://www.pjv.nuoua.od.ua/v1_2018/46.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/