PDF 47-55 (Українська)


ethnic group
ethnic consciousness
ethnic self-awareness

How to Cite



The article examines ethnic identity on two levels. Ethnic self-awareness at the level of an ethnos acts as a system unifying common ideas shared by the majority of ethnos members about their ethnic group, the main features of their culture and their ethnic psyche. This is a system of views, ideas and perceptions of an ethnic group that appears because of interactions with other groups and reflects the group’s knowledge of them, attitude towards them. A group’s ethnic identity is reflected in its language, in the system of its customs and traditions, in myths and national styles. Ethnic self-awareness at the level of an individual acts as an integral system of ideas about oneself, is closely connected with the individual’s image on their own ethnic group. It provides a group member with a sense of belonging to the corresponding ethnic community, which is necessary for an individual’s psychological health and social comfort, a full-fledged life. Such self-awareness is formed throughout the entire period of human development, from childhood to maturity.

The authors prove the thesis that the structure of ethnic self-awareness is crystallized due to emotional connections formed during socialization. Ethnic self-awareness is a coded emotional-cognitive component that has both objective and subjective forms of expression. The formation of a person as a representative of a certain ethnic group take place through the interiorization of those cultural and social values ​​and relations that form the basis of their ethnic group’s social life. The emotional component of ethnic self-awareness includes a sense of national dignity. Ethnic identity is an essential component in the structure of an ethnos, along with such components as a common origin, culture, language. This is not only an awareness of one’s identity with their ethnic community, but also includes assessment of one’s own ethnic group, feeling of significance to be its members, common ethnic feelings, which are the most important criteria for interethnic comparison.

So, the structure of ethnic identity is multifaceted, all structural elements are closely interconnected and interact with each other at different levels and at different stages of ethnos development, acquiring a leading value.
PDF 47-55 (Українська)


Bychko, O. V. (2004). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti etnichnoi identychnosti studentskoi molodi Skhidnoho ta Pivdennoho rehioniv Ukrainy [Psychological features of ethnic identity of student youth of the Eastern and Southern regions of Ukraine]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Boryshevskyi, M. Y. (2003). Natsionalna samosvidomist ta identyfikatsiia hromadian yak chynnyk demokratychnykh peretvoren v ukrainskomu suspilstvi [National self-consciousness and identification of citizens as a factor of democratic transformations in Ukrainian society]. Sotsialno-psykholohichnyi vymir demokratychnykh peretvoren v Ukraini – Socio-psychological dimension of democratic transformations in Ukraine. Kyiv : Ukrainskyi tsentr politychnoho menedzhmentu, 138–144. [in Ukrainian]

Vashchenko, H. (2009). Vykhovannia voli i kharakteru [Education of will and character]. Kyiv : Shkoliar. [in Ukrainian]

Veber, M. (1998). Sotsiolohiia. Zahalnoistorychni analizy. Polityka [Sociology. General historical analyzes. Policy]. Kyiv : Osnovy. [in Ukrainian]

Gadzhiev, A. H. (1982). Problemyi marksistskoy etnicheskoy psihologii [Problems of Marxist Ethnic Psychology]. Rostov-na-Donu. [in Russian]

Danyliuk, I. V. (2010). Etnichna psykholohiia yak haluz naukovoho znannia: istoryko-teoretychnyi vymir [Ethnic psychology as a branch of scientific knowledge: historical and theoretical dimension]. Kyiv : Sammit-knyha. [in Ukrainian]

Danyliuk, I. V. (2009). Natsionalna samosvidomist yak komponent struktury psykholohii etnichnoi spilnoty [National self-consciousness as a component of the structure of the psychology of an ethnic community]. Problemy zahalnoi ta pedahohichnoi psykholohii – Problems of general and pedagogical psychology. 11–4, 87–94. [in Ukrainian]

Krupnyk, L. O. (2009). Istoriia Ukrainy: formuvannia etnosiv, natsii, derzhavnosti [History of Ukraine: formation of ethnic groups, nation, statehood]. Kyiv : Tsentr uchbovoi literatury. [in Ukrainian]

Lozko, H. (2001). Etnolohiia Ukrainy [Ethnology of Ukraine]. Kyiv : Artek. [in Ukrainian]

Lovochkina, A. M. (2002). Etnopsykholohiia [Ethnopsychology]. Kyiv : MAUP. [in Ukrainian]

Olshanskiy, D. V. (2001). Osnovyi politicheskoy psihologii [Fundamentals of Political Psychology]. Ekaterinburg : Delovaya kniga. [in Russian]

Platonov, Yu. P. (2008). Etnicheskiy faktor: Geopolitika i psihologiya [Ethnic factor: Geopolitics and psychology]. Sankt-Peterburg : Rech. [in Russian]

Sokolova, V. F. (2009). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti rozvytku natsionalnoi samosvidomosti studentskoi molodi zasobamy ukrainskoi literatury [Psychological features of the development of national self-consciousness of student youth by means of Ukrainian literature]. Ivano-Frankivsk. [in Ukrainian]

Soldatova, G. U. (1998). Psihologiya mezhetnicheskoy napryazhennosti [Psychology of interethnic tension]. Moskva : Smyisl. [in Russian]

Stavytskyi, H. (2016). Osoblyvosti rozvytku etnichnoi samosvidomosti osobystosti yunatskoho viku [Features of the development of ethnic identity of the adolescent]. Naukovyi chasopys natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M. P. Drahomanova – Scientific journal of the National Pedagogical University named after MP Drahomanov. 12–4, 127–133. [in Ukrainian]

Fayzullin, F. S. (2009). Etnicheskoe soznanie i etnicheskaya identichnost [Ethnic consciousness and ethnic identity]. Ufa : Gilem. [in Russian]

Haydegger, M. (1993). Vremya i byitie [Time and being]. Moskva. [in Russian]

Hotinets, V. Yu. (2000). Etnicheskoe samosoznanie [Ethnic identity]. Sankt-Peterburg : Aleteyya. [in Russian]

Chernyavskaya, Yu. V. (1998). Narodnaya kultura i natsionalnyie traditsii [Folk culture and national traditions]. Minsk. [in Russian]

Shevchenko, O. V. (2005). Natsionalna identyfikatsiia u stanovlenni Ya-obrazu osobystosti [National identification in the formation of the self-image of the individual]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -