PSYCHOLOGICAL PREMISES OF STUDENTS-ARTISTS’ ARTISTIC ORIENTATIONS
Mariia  Shepelova
H. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3293-4997
PDF 76-87 (Українська)

Keywords

artistic orientations
personality attributes
paintings’ perception
students

How to Cite

Shepelova, M. (2020). PSYCHOLOGICAL PREMISES OF STUDENTS-ARTISTS’ ARTISTIC ORIENTATIONS. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 6(8), 76-87. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.8.6

Abstract

In the article the personality attributes and its interaction influence on the students-artists’ artistic orientations in paintings perception are defined. By the results of theoretical analyses four components of artistic orientations in paintings perception are defined, their demonstration is described. They are: 1) the emotional content; 2) the semantic content; 3) the technique of depiction (using by an artist of specific means and approaches, which are in more extent concern the work’s characteristics); 4) the artist’s creative approach (an ability to fulfil formal characteristics of creative project by the means of art). By the results of empirical research the psychological characteristics of students-artists by the parameters: neuroticism, psychoticism, depression, conscientiousness, disinhibition, general activity, modesty, sociability, aesthetic susceptibility, femininity, mental imbalance, asociality, introversion, sensitivity, creativity, empathy, is presented. Basing on the factor loadings calculations of students-artists’ artistic orientations in paintings perception system-forming factors are defined, its hierarchy is revealed. It is found, that system-forming factor of students-artists’ artistic orientations in paintings is an emotional filling of artistic work. With the application of nonlinear multiple regression analyses personality attributes and its interaction influence on the artistic orientations in paintings perception is defined. It is found, that on students-artists’ artistic orientations in paintings perception positively influence such personality attributes: aesthetic susceptibility, depression, and such nonlinear parameters as interaction of disinhibition and femininity. Negatively influence on students-artists’ artistic orientations in paintings perception disinhibition, femininity, empathy, and nonlinear parameters – interaction of aesthetic susceptibility and depression, aesthetic susceptibility in square.

The calculations results give an opportunity to define the content filling of paintings perception by personality attributes, that is, to give an extended psychological characteristic for students-artists, perceiving the paintings through an emotional filling.

 

PDF 76-87 (Українська)

References

Beshelev, S. D. & Gurvich F. G. (1980) Matematiko-statisticheskie metody ekspertnykh otcenok [Mathematical-statistical methods of expert estimations] M.: Statistika,. 263 p. [in Russian]

Boiko, V. V. (1996) Energiia emotcii v obshchenii: vzgliad na sebia i drugikh [Emotions energy in communication: the look at oneself and others]. M.: «Filin», 472 p. [in Russian]

Burlachuk, L. F. & Morozov S. M. (1989) Slovar-spravochnik po psikhodiagnostike [Dictionary- handbook on psychodiagnostics]. Eds. Krymskii S. B. K. : Nauk. dumka,. 200 p. [in Russian]

Kyiashko, M. O. (2012) Zhyttievyi vybir yak chynnyk dukhovnoho rozvytku osobystosti [Vital choice as a premise of personality spiritual development] : avtoref. dys. kand. psykhol. nauk: 19.00.07; Instytut psykholohii imeni H. S. Kostiuka NAPN Ukrainy. K., 2012. 18 p. [in Ukrainian]

Kyiashko, M. O., Podshyvailova, L. I. & Shepelova, M. V. (2019) Osobystisni vlastyvosti yak chynnyk khudozhnikh oriientatsii studentiv u spryimanni tvoriv zhyvopysu [Personality attributes as a premise of students’ artistic orientations in paintings perception]. Aktualni problemy psykholohii: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Instytutu psykholohii imeni H. S. Kostiuka NAPN Ukrainy – Actual problems of psychology: scientific works collection of the H. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAES of Ukraine. K.: Vydavnytstvo «Feniks», Vol. XII. Psykholohiia tvorchosti. Issue. 26, P. 117-132. [in Ukrainian]

Melnikov, V. M. & Iampolskii, L. T. (1985) Vvedenie v eksperimentalnuiu psikhologiiu lichnosti [Introduction to the experimental psychology of personality]. M. : Prosveshchenie,. 319 p. [in Russian]

Novikov, A. M. (2008) Metodologiia khudozhestvennoi deiatelnosti [The methodology of artistic activity]. M. : Egoves, 72 p. [in Russian]

Podshivailova, L. І. & Kokarєva, M. V. (2016) Psikhologicheskoe issledovanie proiavlenii pertceptivno-myslitelnykh strategii khudozhnika v proizvedenii izobrazitelnogo iskusstva [Psychological research of the artist’s perceptive-mental strategies displays in artistic work]. Aktualni problemy psykholohii: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Instytutu psykholohii imeni H. S. Kostiuka NAPN Ukrainy – Actual problems of psychology: scientific works collection of the H. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAES of Ukraine. K.: Vydavnytstvo «Feniks», Vol. XII. Psykholohiia tvorchosti. Issue. 22, P. 242-252. [in Ukrainian]

Podshyvailova, L. I. & Shepelova M. V. (2017) Pertseptyvno-myslennieva stratehiia yak vlastyvist osobystosti [Perceptive-mental strategies in studens’ artistic activity]. Aktualni problemy psykholohii: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Instytutu psykholohii imeni H. S. Kostiuka NAPN Ukrainy – Actual problems of psychology: scientific works collection of the H. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAES of Ukraine. K.: Vydavnytstvo «Feniks», Vol. XII. Psykholohiia tvorchosti. Issue. 23, P. 263-277. [in Ukrainian]

Podshyvailova, L. I. (1993) Tipologiia lichnostno-kollektivistskogo samoopredeleniia studentov v usloviiakh uchebnogo protcessa [Personality-collective self-determination of studens in the educational process conditions]: Avtoref. dis. … kand. psikhol. nauk: 19.00.07; K., 16 p. [in Russian]

Psikhodiagnosticheskii test (PDT) V. Melnikova, L. Iampolskogo (2002) [Psychodiagnostical test of Melnikov, L. Iampolsky]. Praktikum po psikhodiagnostike lichnosti [Tutorial on psychology of personality]. Eds. N. K. Rakovich. Minsk, P.75-91. [in Russian]

Psykholohichnyi slovnyk (1982) [Psychological dictionary]. Еds. V. I. Voitko. K.: «Vyshcha shkola», 216 p. [in Ukrainian]

Serhieienkova, O. P. & Podshyvailov, F. M. (2016) Psykholohichni chynnyky rozvytku motyvatsiinoi sfery osobystosti suchasnoho studenta [Psychological premises of modern student’s personality motivational sphere development]. Aktualni problemy psykholohii: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Instytutu psykholohii imeni H. S. Kostiuka NAPN Ukrainy – Actual problems of psychology: scientific works collection of the H. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAES of Ukraine. K.: Vydavnytstvo «Feniks», Vol. XII. Psykholohiia tvorchosti. Issue. 22, P. 260-276. [in Ukrainian]

Shepelova M. V. (2018) Proiavy pertseptyvno-myslennievykh stratehii u khudozhnii diialnosti studentiv [Elektronnyi resurs] [The perceptive-mental strategies displays in students’ artistic activity]. Pertseptyvno-myslennievi stratehii tvorchoho konstruiuvannia informatsiinykh system u navchalnii ta trudovii diialnosti : monohrafiia [Perceptive-mental strategies of informational systems’ creative construction in educational and labour activity] / V. O. Moliako, Yu. A. Hulko, N. A. Vahanova [and others]; Eds. V. O. Moliako. K. P. 106-123. URL: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/712092/ [in Ukrainian]

Shepelova, M. V. (2019) Vplyv osobystisnykh kharakterystyk na khudozhni oriientatsii studeniv u spryimanni tvoriv zhyvopysu [Influence of personality attributes of students’ artistic orientations in painting perception]. Aktualni problemy psykholohii: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Instytutu psykholohii imeni H. S. Kostiuka NAPN Ukrainy – Actual problems of psychology: scientific works collection of the H. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAES of Ukraine. K.: Vydavnytstvo «Feniks», Vol. XII. Psykholohiia tvorchosti. Issue. 25, P. 281-296. [in Ukrainian]

Tunik, E. E. (2003) Modifitcirovannye kreativnye testy Viliamsa [Modificated creative Williams tests]. SPb.: Rech, 96 p. [in Russian]

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/