PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 6-12 times a year.</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> en-US <p><strong>Copyright Notice</strong></p> <p>Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -&nbsp;https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</p> klimovskyiss@gmail.com (Klimovskyi Stanislav) klimovskyiss@gmail.com (Klimovskyi Stanislav) Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 THE SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT OF THE FORMATION OF THE PERSONALITY OF THE SOCIAL WORK SPECIALIST IN PRACTICAL PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/439 <p>Today, a special attention is required the Social Work as a new type of professional activity, and the formation of a personality of Social Work specialist presents a variety of different requirements for his/her personality and professional qualities. Socio-psychological support for the personality development of a Social Work specialist is conditioned by the content of its work, the multidisciplinarity and multifunctionality of Social Work as a professional activity, the requirements for the personality of a specialist, the development and self-designing of professionally oriented activities, the realization of him/herself as a specialist, professional and self-actualization of personal potential in order to achieve of the peaks of professionalism. The formation of the personality of a Social Work specialist in practical professional activities covers the stages of professional adaptation, the formation of professional competence, professional skills, the improvement of professional skills and the transfer of experience and post-employment stage.</p> <p>The socio-psychological accompaniment of the professional formation of a Social Work specialist is defined as a complex of successive measures contributing to the optimization of the formation and development in the person of the professional orientation, professionally important qualities and properties, aimed at self-realization of a specialist as a professional, the maximum realization of personal potential in professional activity at various stages of professional formation (professional adaptation, formation of professional competence, professional skill, perfection professional skills and experience transfer and post-employment stage).</p> <p>The necessity of studying the process of professional development of the personality of specialists and updating of the personnel potential of the social sphere, as well as organization of socio-psychological support for the professional development of the personality of a specialist, which provides a set of organizational and psychological measures aimed at creating favorable conditions for a professional and starts with the first experience of social connections, manifestation of their own strengths and opportunities, the realization of their own abilities and capabilities, professional self-esteem education, acquisition of life experience, preparation for independent life, education, formation and awareness of him/herself as a professional, enrichment of professional experience, the desire to achieve the ideal of a Social Work specialist, inner harmony, self-improvement, self-affirmation and self-actualization of a specialist as a professional, achievement of "acme" and lasts all life has been proved.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Valentyna Balakhtar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/439 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0200 A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO DISTRIBUTION OF THE PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OPTIONS OF IOPOCHONDRIC STATES IN THE PERSON WITH CARDIOVASCULAR PATHOLOGY http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/440 <p>In order to systematize clinical anamnestic, clinical and psychological and psychopathological data on the delimitation of the primary and secondary variants of the hypochondria in patients undergoing cardiovascular catastrophes, 100 patients with a cardiological pathology with manifestations of hypochondria symptoms who suffered a myocardial infarction, a pulmonary artery thromboembolism and a number similar to the genesis and degree of threat of states. The patients were divided into groups based on the hypochondriaal symptoms presented. The first group included 48 people who were internally determined character hypochondriacal symptoms - primary hypochondria (ehosyntonyy nature of the symptoms, self limiting activity, the absence of an external locus of control behavior). The second group involved 52 individuals with externally determined character of hypochondria symptoms - secondary hypochondria (egodistonic character of symptoms, external limitation of activity, presence of external locus of control over behavior).</p> <p>To establish the levels and structure of the manifestations of hypochondriaal symptoms in the contingent of the study, as well as to establish the patho-psychological characteristics of the patients, the features of the internal picture of the disease, the spectrum of reactions to the psychogenic factors in the structure of the disease were used: "Questionnaire on the social significance of Serdyuk's illness", questionnaire " mood "," The questionnaire of coping with stress "(Version of the story - Gordeyeva - Osina). For the study of psychopathological manifestations of hypochondria, the clinical scale of general psychopathological symptoms (GPS) in PANSS was used.</p> <p>According to the results of the study, there are differences between persons with "primary" and "secondary" hypochondria in terms of life history and illnesses related to the traits of personality traumatic personality, which is important in amplifying (potentiating) anomalies of perception of the disease / blocking mechanisms of reduction of irrational ideas, features the course of the disease, which may lead to a negative perception of the disease, peculiarities of family, labor and other specific social conditions of importance in amplification (potentiation) anomalies of the perception of the disease.</p> <p>In the course of the study systematized clinical-anamnestic, clinical-psychological and psychopathological data on the delimitation of the primary and secondary variants of the hypochondria in patients undergoing cardiovascular catastrophes</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Inna Dema ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/440 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0200 THE EMPIRICAL STUDY OF THE LEVEL OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN CONTEMPORARY UKRAINIAN SCHOOLS http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/441 <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>The author of the article analyzed the psychological theories and concepts that described social intelligence in the structure of the intelligence of the person. The content of such categorical approaches according to the concept of “intelligence” was outlined: 1) the phenomenological approach; 2) measuring (or testing) approach; 3) genetic approach; 4) factor approach; 5) regulatory approach; 6) structural and functional approach; 7) information approach also.</p> <p>The author of the article consider the concept of “intelligence” in the broad and narrow senses. In a broad meaning of “intelligence” it is only one intelligence, the intellectual sphere of the person in general. In this sense, the intelligence of a person can be described as a hierarchical system that has several levels. The first level is the level of functioning of cognitions. The second level of intelligence is the level of metacognitions. The third level of intelligence amplifies the characteristics of both the first and the second levels, while intellectual activity is carried out mainly at an unconscious level, a level that approximates a person to use of automated skills and abilities. The next, the fourth level, is the level of meta-intellectual activity, which explodes the creative achievements of the person.</p> <p>It was proved that social intelligence of a specialist of the pedagogical sphere of the activity is a complex personal structure which systemic structures are communicative and prognostic competences. Systemic structures contain integral components (the mechanisms of anticipation, decentralization, intellectual initiation, decision-making, planning, control and self-control, reflection, etc.). The communicative competence and the abilities of the teacher, which are the part of cognitive competence, are presented at the micro-level of social intelligence, prognostic competence and empathy are on the middle level, while the mechanisms of anticipation, decentralization, intellectual initiation, decision making, planning, control and self-control, reflection, etc., which in a great deal ensure the functioning of social intelligence are displayed at the macro-level of the intelligence.</p> <p>The results of the empirical research of the level of the development of social intelligence of teachers of primary school in the contemporary Ukrainian system of education were analyzed. In this research were participated 99 teachers of primary schools of different regions of Ukraine. It was proved that the level of the development of social intelligence of primary school teachers was sufficiently high (more than average). Such results of high level of social intelligence we’ve to explain, first of all, by the development of respondents’ communicative competence, the ability to plan the course of their own professional activity and to predict its consequences and results, intellectual and personal reflection as well as empathy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Eduard Ivashkevych ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/441 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0200 SPECIFICITY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS FOR CHANGES AND PERSONAL COMPETENCE IN THE EMPLOYEES OF THE STATE CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE SERVICE OF UKRAINE http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/442 <p>The article presents the results of a study of the specifics of psychological readiness to change and personal competence, as well as the relationships between them, among employees of the State Criminal - Executive Service of Ukraine. The relevance of studying this phenomenon in the context of professional activities of employees of the penitentiary service in the context of its reform is substantiated. The content of the concept of “psychological readiness for change” is disclosed and its significance within the framework of the formation of competence is indicated.</p> <p>The PCRS (Change Personal Readiness Survey) method created by A. Rolnic, S. Heather, M. Gold, C. Hull (translation and adaptation by N. A. Bazhanova and G. L. Bardier) and the general questionnaire of the general competence (O.S. Shtepa). were applied to solve empirical problems.&nbsp; The subjects were employees of the State Criminal - Executive Service of Ukraine, who were divided into groups according to the level of psychological readiness for change. The first group consisted of subjects with a high level of readiness for change, the second&nbsp; - with a low level.</p> <p>Based on a correlation analysis, it is proved that groups of employees of the Criminal - Executive Service with different levels of psychological readiness for change demonstrate differences in the structure of the relationship between the components of psychological readiness for change and the components of personal competence. It was established that the representatives of these groups differ both in the content of the identified significant interrelations, and in the number of significant interrelations of different modalities. In the group of employees of the Criminal - Executive Service with a high level of readiness for change, there are twenty-two significant relationships, all are positive, whereas in the group of employees of the Criminal - Executive Service with a low level of readiness for change, only eleven significant correlations are found, six of which have a positive and five is negative. This indicates that, in general, in the first group, along with the improvement of personal competence, there is an increase in psychological readiness for change, while these phenomena are actively interacting with each other. In the second group, this interaction has a limited and contradictory nature, which can act as a destructive factor in the functioning of both psychological readiness for changes and personal competence.</p> <p>The prospect of further work is to continue research in the chosen direction and to study the relationship of psychological readiness to change with a wider range of personality variables, in particular, such as psychological resource and personal maturity. This will allow not only to improve the scientific understanding of the psychological content of the phenomenon of psychological readiness for change, but also to obtain empirical results that will become the basis for developing programs of psychological support for the professional activities of the staff of the Criminal - Executive Service at the stage of its reform.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Oxana Mitroshkina ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/442 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0200 PROFESSIOGRAM OF THE HEAD OF THE DIVISION OF DISTRICT OFFICERS OF THE NATIONAL POLICE OF UKRAINE http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/443 <p>The article is devoted to the problem of developing of theoretical foundations and methodological tools for conducting professional graphic research in the National Police of Ukraine. The theoretical foundations and the internal structure of the process of professional graphic research are presented, and the possibilities of using of some methods and means of professional research to develop a professiogram for the head of the division of district police officers are revealed. On the basis of an experimental study conducted in twenty-five regions of Ukraine with coverage of more than three hundred respondents, the author has developed a professiogram for the head of the division of district police officers. The professiogram contains information about normatively secured title of the professional activity, work functions of specialists, conditions of professional activity, main characteristics and negative factors of activity, requirements for professional competencies, rights and duties of police officers. An important component of professiogram is a psychogram of the profession, which presents the recommended psychological indicators for performance of work. Among such indicators are features of psychomotor and cognitive processes, professional motivation, temperamental and characterological qualities, general and special abilities of the heads of police departments. Psychological contraindications to professional activity were also revealed - a weak type of nervous system and a low level of lability; insufficient speed of visual motor reaction; low level of intellectual potential, development of special professional and communication skills; unfavorable temperament properties; low level of self-actualization and achievement motivation, character accentuations; negative emotional and volitional qualities, etc. The article shows that a professional study of various types of professional policing is a prerequisite for solving problems related to the efficiency of using personnel potential, optimizing the selection of the most suitable candidates for police service, training and retraining personnel, rationalizing laborand reducing injuries. Prospects for further research in this direction lie in the further development of the methodology and the improvement of professional graphic tools for studying of law enforcement activity, the optimization of psycho-diagnostic methods.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Volodymir Ostapovich ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/443 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0200