PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 6-12 times a year.</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> en-US <p><strong>Copyright Notice</strong></p> <p>Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -&nbsp;https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</p> klimovskyiss@gmail.com (Klimovskyi Stanislav) klimovskyiss@gmail.com (Klimovskyi Stanislav) Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 THE INTERCONNECTION BETWEEN STUDENTS’ HUMOR STYLES AND THEIR CONFLICT BEHAVIOR PECULIARITIES http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/391 <p>The&nbsp; article considers the results of an empirical study on the&nbsp; connection between students’ humor styles and the peculiarities of their conflict behavior. It is established that most students aged 21-23 use self-enhancing and affiliative humor, which influence interpersonal relations positively. The most common types of students’ conflict behavior are compromise and cooperation; about 25% of students choose avoiding behavior.</p> <p>It is revealed that each type of conflict behavior is associated with a certain&nbsp; humor styles combination, which is mostly applied. These combinations are following: cooperation, compromise, mixed types of conflict behavior associated with affiliative and self-enhancing humor; conflict behavior of accommodation - with self-enhancing and affiliative humor; conflict behavior of avoidance − with self-enhancing and aggressive humor; conflict behavior of competition − with aggressive and self-enhancing humor. Thereby students with&nbsp; conflict behavior types which are focused on integration and mutual understanding between the opponents (compromise, cooperation), and students with type of accommodation, which also makes possible taking into account the interests of the opponent, as a rule use positive humor styles (affiliative and self-enhancing humor). Meantime the students with behavioral types of competing and avoidance more often use aggressive humor with a negative effect for interpersonal relations.</p> <p>The most active use of humor occurs during the escape strategy, with which there are four significant correlations, the weak use of humor revealed in relation to the strategy of struggle (one significant correlation). Students practically do not use any of the humor styles regarding dialogue strategy of conflict behavior.</p> <p>It is shown the gender differences of connections between the students’ humor styles and peculiarities of their conflict behavior. Girls mainly use aggressive humor, younkers as a rule use affiliative, self-enhancing, self-defeating humor.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Tetiana Dutkevych ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/391 Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0300 THE PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS ̓ PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING AND HARDINESS http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/392 <p>The study is devoted to the problem of optimal functioning of the psychology students. It is known nowadays that the high level of social development is not enough for subjective wellbeing of the individual person. The economic, political and social crisis in modern Ukraine make people feel unsafe, unstable and unsure about the future. One of the most undefended part of the population is youth, as far as they are at the stage of personality and professional becoming. At the same time youth (especially students) is the society`s important intellectual and social potential. So, the students` wellbeing and hardiness is an actual and important issue of the psychology.</p> <p>The psychology students` wellbeing presents to be a problem of special importance as far as the own personality of a psychologist is regarded by researchers to be a professional instrument for him. So, the psychological wellbeing and hardiness are required for psychology students for effective mastering the profession. At the same time, there exist an opinion that young people with low psychological wellbeing use to choose the specialty of psychologist, because they hope to resolve their own problems in that way (Kozmina). And some researches show that many of psychology students have low levels of psychological wellbeing (Kozmina, Usynina).</p> <p>The goal of the paper is to examine the psychological wellbeing and hardiness indexes of the psychology students and to compare it with the indexes of the students of other specialties.</p> <p>The wellbeing is understood in eudemonic approach after C. Ryff as the complex of six dimensions: positive relationships with other people, autonomy, personal growth, self-acceptance, management of environment, goals in life. The model is based on the humanistic and existential approaches to the positive functioning of the personality (G. Allport, A.Maslow, C. Rogers, M. Yahoda et al.). The concept of hardiness is developed by S. Maddi and is understood as a pattern of personality`s dispositions which help to stand to difficulties of life and to accept them as a way for self-development. Hardiness includes three dimensions: commitment, control and challenge.</p> <p>The students of psychology, history, physics-energetics and laboratory diagnostics faculties took part in the research. The C. Ryff`s Psychological Well-being Scale and S. Maddi`s Hardiness Survey Test were used. The middle indexes of the psychological wellbeing and hardiness of the students correspond to the moderate levels. The comparison of the groups with the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney methods showed that psychology students have significantly higher levels of general psychological wellbeing, personal growth, self-acceptance, positive relationships with other people, goals in life and challenge, than students of other specialties do.</p> <p>The conclusion is made that the young people mostly choose the profession of the psychologist not because of low personal functioning, but due to the high motivation of personal growth and high self-acceptance and interest for other people. The further studies if the dynamics of the wellbeing during the study is needed to confirm this conclusion.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Natalia Grankina-Sazonova ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/392 Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0300 FORMATION OF INTERCULTURAL VALUES ​​ORIENTATIONS OF SENIOR PUPILS BY MEANS OF STUDYING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/396 <p>The article presents the results of the study of development of intercultural values orientation of senior pupils by means of studying at foreign language. The formation of intercultural values was evaluated according to such criteria as: the availability of knowledge about the culture of the country of language practice, sufficient for establishing relations with its representatives; tolerance to the representatives of the culture of the country of language practice, orientation towards cooperation with them; ability to select adequate situations of communication behaviour model.</p> <p>To study the state of development of intercultural values of senior pupils we used a set of psychodiagnostic techniques that are relevant to the isolated criteria. 51 senior pupils (n = 51) of secondary schools were involved to the experiment, which lasted for two academic years.</p> <p>Establishment of the initial level of development of intercultural values orientations in senior pupils influenced creation of methodical and psychological measures for their development. The basis of the developmental program were English classes, tasks creation, training, work on the Internet, etc. During the implementation of the study program there was a combination of the gradual formation of intercultural value orientations of senior pupils and the structure of the intercultural educational situation, which is the environment for the implementation of this process. The nature of tasks and exercises was determined according to the following stages of formation of the intercultural values of pupils: the acquisition of cultural values of the country of language practice; personal transformations based on personal values; planning further personal development.</p> <p>On the basis of certain criteria of the formation of intercultural values orientations and their level of manifestation, the types of levels of formation of intercultural values orientations are determined, namely: knowledge (low); situational-effective (average) and practical (high). It is stated that the process of mastering the language should be considered as an integral component of the formation of values of culture of the personality of pupils.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ihor Halian ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/396 Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0300 INVESTIGATION OF VALUE-SEMANTIC SPHERE OF ENTERPRISES WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF PERSONAL RELIABILITY http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/397 <p>The article is devoted to consideration of the problem of development of personal reliability of entrepreneurs. Application of methods: “Personality Questionnaire on Moral and Legal Reliability of the Person” (E.Yu. Strizhov); “Expert Assessment of the Employee’s Personality” (B. G. Bovin); “General Test Ability (GET TEST)”; “Life-Purpose Orientations (LPO)” D.O. Leontiev (modification of&nbsp; “Purpose-in-Life” methodology by J. Krambo, L. Maholik); “Career Anchors” (E. Schein, translated and adapted by V. A. Chiker, V. E. Vinokurova), “Diagnosis of Self-Actualization of Personality” (A. V. Lazukin,&nbsp; adapted by N. F. Kalina) the methodology is adapted version of the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) by E. Shostrom allowed to investigate the content of the value-semantic sphere of the entrepreneur's personality with different levels of personal reliability. It was determined the existence of business goals, the degree of satisfaction with the essence of their own life and self-realization, the feeling of having the opportunity to choose their own destiny and to manage it, value orientations in the career and to investigate the indicators of development of personal potential, realization of their own opportunities, degree and direction of self-actualization of entrepreneurs.</p> <p>The author came to the conclusion:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Investigation of value orientations in the career among business entities with different level of personal reliability made it possible to determine that the entrepreneurs of group 1 are oriented towards the benefit of people, group 2 have an orientation to integrate the efforts of other people, group 3 consider success to overcome insurmountable obstacles.</li> <li class="show">Application of the sensory-life orientations test allowed to follow the specific features of the semantic sphere of the subjects with different levels of personal reliability. Thus, the investigated of group 1 believe in their own ability to control their lives; the investigated of group 2 are mostly dissatisfied with their lives today, group 3 are contingent with fatalism.</li> <li class="show">Study of indicators of self-actualization of entrepreneurs gave an opportunity to determine the features of value-semantic sphere in the subjects with different levels of personal reliability. Thus, most entrepreneurs of groups 1 and 2 are oriented on personal communication, are not inclined to falsifications or manipulations, do not mix self-disclosure of personality with self-presentation − the strategy and tactics of managing false impressions. Entrepreneurs of group 3 can be described as rigorous.</li> </ol> <p>The study will enable in practical sense to optimize the activity of entrepreneurs and make their entry into the European market civilized and well-considered.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Igor Lantukh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/397 Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0300 PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF IMAGE FORMATION OF UKRAINE’S SECURITY SECTOR EXPERTS IN STUDENTS’ ENVIRONMENT http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/398 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em>The article highlights the issue of psychology of security agencies’ institutionary image. On the basis of psycho diagnostic methods (“The portrait of values” by Sh. Shwarz, “The level of a personal trust or distrust in other individuals” by A. Kupreichenko and methods of an associative experiment created by M. Kozliakovsky) the author studied the level of formation of an image of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, State Emergency Service of Ukraine, Armed Forces of Ukraine, National Police of Ukraine, National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine. The experiment was conducted within the students’ environment in six regions of Ukraine – Kyiv, Kharkiv, Luhansk, Donetsk (on the territories placed under control), Transcarpathia and Chernivtsi oblasts.</p> <p>The data collected in various areas demonstrate essential differences in students’ attitude toward security and defense sector of Ukraine institutions that is caused by various levels of experience gained by regional representatives in the field of interaction with the aforesaid agencies in 2014-2018. Thus, the State Emergency Service of Ukraine is steadily rated at the highest position as it is considered to be an instrument of assistance to the population under complicated circumstances. Simultaneously, the difference in the points received among other security sector institutions is minimal.&nbsp;</p> <p>On the basis of A. Kupreichenko questionnaire the author proved that there would exist differences in criteria of credibility and incredulity to three categories of an individual: non-familiar, close and familiar one. The level of credibility to a security agency representative was compared to the one that concerns above mentioned persons. There have been defined symmetrical criteria of credibility and incredulity to an unfamiliar person: tidiness-untidiness, impulsiveness, selfishness, reticence, different interests, religion. The author found out that the formation of trust in security sector specialists according to aforesaid criteria would promote the shift of their perception from the category of unfamiliar individuals to the category of familiar ones.</p> <p>According to Sh. Shwarz methods the author pointed out values that students consider as the most significant ones for security sector experts, that is universalism, safety and benevolence. The research proves that any security agency image should be based upon trust in the following objects: a) organization itself, b) organization’s systems of values, c) social parts played by the organization representatives.</p> <p>By means of an associative experiment the author restored the image and counter image of experts of Ukraine’s security and defense sector (their associative profiles).</p> <p>It was concluded that the activities that concern image formation within Ukraine’s security and defense sector institutions should be aimed at reaching the following goals: promotion of an image in informational space of Ukraine that has credibility; its attraction renewal. The image of Ukraine’s security and defense sector institutions has to become the one of dedication on the basis of credibility to the institution itself, the system of its values and social parts played by its representatives.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mariia Machykova ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/398 Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0300