PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 6-12 times a year.</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> en-US <p><strong>Copyright Notice</strong></p> <p>Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -&nbsp;https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</p> klimovskyiss@gmail.com (Klimovskyi Stanislav) klimovskyiss@gmail.com (Klimovskyi Stanislav) Thu, 28 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF CONFLICT BEHAVIOR IN YOUNG ADULT AGE http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/481 <p>The paper deals with theoretical review and empirical study of the peculiarities of conflict behavior in young adult age during their professional training. The process of professional becoming and intrapsychic controversies, arising during professional becoming and critical periods of the given stage are analyzed. Taking the theoretical review of psychological literature as the basis of our study, we can define the process of professional becoming as “the formation of professional orientation, competency, integration of socially meaningful and professionally important qualities, readiness&nbsp; to professional advancement, search for optimal means of qualitative and creative professional activity in accordance with person’s individual-psychological qualities” (Zeer Ye.)</p> <p>Critical stages of professional training can be divided into two groups: crisis of learning-professional orientation on the stage of optation and the crisis of the professional choice on the stage of professional training. The first crisis has the naive professional choice, situational choice of the higher educational institution, lack of individual-psychological features consideration as its’ agents. The second crisis is characterized by dissatisfaction with one’s professional education, changes in social-economical life conditions, changes in personality’s leading activity (Zeer Ye., Symanyuk Ye., Shchotka O.).</p> <p>The peculiarities of the conflict behavior of the students’ youth under conditions of learning activities are the subject of the empirical study. According to the hypothesis the peculiar features of the current teaching process’ organization, and especially ECTS system can be an external agent resulting in interpersonal conflict in academic groups and the choice of the conflict behavior strategy. Comparative analysis of data taken in the experimental and the control group gave the grounds to analyze behavioral strategy, its impact on the personality and group interactions. The results of the empirical study proved that ECTS system of training organization does not determine conflicts in academic groups, but rather demonstrates the wast specter of problems pertain to the process of organizing learning and training students’ with mainly external learning motivation activity. Our evidence suggests that students enrolled in the university mainly have conflicts through rating and scholarships, and these conflicts can lead to negative consequences.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Yaroslava Andrieieva, Nina Lytovchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/481 Thu, 28 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0200 PSYCHOLOGICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF IMPROVING THE PROFESSIONAL SELECTION OF PERSONNEL OF THE NATIONAL POLICE OF UKRAINE http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/482 <p>The article is devoted to the problems of searching for psychological and legal opportunities to optimize the implementation of the professional selection of personnel of the National Police of Ukraine. The authors analyze the foreign and domestic experience of psychological selection of police officers, consider the typical psychodiagnostic tools, which are used in this regard as well as the connection of the scales of the main psychodiagnostic methods with the success of the police professional activity. It is concluded that the existing regulatory framework for the selection and appointment of police officers in the state requires improvement in the direction of optimizing its psychological component - developing a scientifically based set of psychodiagnostic methods, determining the psychological requirements of a profession for a policeman, establishing indicators of psychological fitness for a police law enforcement officer’s activities. Based on a systems approach, the theory of traits and the theory of leading trends, the article substantiates the expediency of introducing a three-component system of psychological selection of police officers, which provides psychodiagnostics of direction, abilities and characterological sphere of candidates for police officers, offers an optimal set of psychodiagnostic methods for determining professional suitability. On the basis of a wide experimental study of the characteristics of professional activities of patrol police officers and district police officers from twenty-five regions of the state, the article provides qualitative and quantitative psychological indicators of the police professional qualifications for service, i.e. the psychogram of police profession. The psychogram includes a complete description of the actual psychological characteristics and professionally important personal qualities of a specialist, determines the qualitative and quantitative psychological and psychophysiological indicators recommended for professional activity, as well as psychological and psychophysiological contraindications to mastering the professional activities of a policeman. It is concluded that it is advisable to build a conceptual scheme of psychological diagnostics and prediction of professional suitability on the basis of the concept of leading trends; the optimal set of psychodiagnostic methods for the selection of policemen is complementary and includes tests for determining the orientation of the personality; subjective characterological questionnaires, as well as tests to study the general abilities of candidates for posts.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Vadym Barko; Volodymir Kryvolapchuk; Volodymir Ostapovich ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/482 Thu, 28 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0200 THE PROBLEM OF LIFE CRISES OF PERSONALITY IN PSYCHOLOGY http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/483 <p>The article is deals with the theoretical analysis of the understanding of the concept of a life crisis in psychological science, which became the purpose of this work.</p> <p>It is stated that in psychology there are various definitions of the concept of a life crisis, its features, forms and stages of its experience and overcoming; its different types and even names, so that the most essential common to them, according to D. McDonald's an exact statement, is that a person feels absorbed by it and oppressed in the state of a life crisis.</p> <p>It is noted that in the essence the life crisis is a constant accompanying of human life, a source of its development and self-improvement, self-realization; that, as an example of an existential crisis (which is one of the types of life crisis), is a crisis of the meaning of life, which is abnormal, difficult, long lasting with mainly destructive consequences for the personality and her life; it is a sharp feeling of despair and hopelessness from the real impossibility to satisfy their most important existential needs (in particular, the realization of the meaning of life) and existential values.</p> <p>It is emphasized on the necessity to differentiate the concept of the actual age crisis and the crisis of life’s meaning and the irrelevance of their association or identification; that only the results of this crisis, that is, actually, the situation of overcoming it, can be considered relatively positive, and the "development" of such a crisis for the person who is experiencing it is not "constructive", perceived as a catastrophe, a tragedy or even a collapse, and not just a revision of her priorities, values and life sense.</p> <p>It is concluded that the life crisis is a profound person's experience the state of inability to continue the usual life linked with the necessity to re-evaluate the former values ​​of life and its meaning, changing of the self-perception and finding an acceptable way out of the situation that has happened; however, the process of its experience, as well as its completion, is not always constructive or optimal for a person. The reason for the crisis is a difficult life situation (caused both by external factors and internal situational changes), which makes impossible to continue the life path of personality (the realization of her goals, values ​​and meaning) in the usual way.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Halyna Chuyko, Mariya Komisaryk ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/483 Thu, 28 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0200 PSYCHOLOGY OF INDIVIDUAL AND SPIRITUAL LEADER GROWTH http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/484 <p>The article is devoted to the psychology of personal and spiritual growth of the leader. The object of this study is the process of personal and spiritual formation of student youth. Subject of research: psychological patterns and mechanisms of personal and spiritual growth of personality in adolescence. The purpose of the study is to establish the psychological patterns and mechanisms of personality and spiritual formation of the leader.</p> <p>The scientific novelty of the research is: in the development and testing of the model of personality spirituality; in distinguishing the criteria, levels and indicators of spirituality of the personality in adolescence; in revealing the psychological patterns of the spiritual formation of the personality in the period of youth; in the development and experimental testing of the spiritual development of the student's personality; in the development and testing within the limits of the specified program of the complex diagnostic-correction system.</p> <p>In the article for the purpose of personal and spiritual formation of the personality of the leader proposed: the concept of "spiritual personality of the leader"; presented the author's psychological structure of the personality of the leader; author's model of the spiritual formation of the leader's personality. The system of psychological and pedagogical disciplines for forming the spirituality of the personality of the leader and the training program for the development of spirituality of the personality are presented. The authors proposed a thematic plan for the special course "Psychology of the spiritual formation and realization of the personality of the leader". The criteria for the formation of the leader's spirituality are singled out. The indicated sources of spiritual personality formation.</p> <p>On the basis of the results of the psychological study, it was concluded that the future leader is at the stage of spiritual formation when he: first, sees the meaning of what corresponds to the spiritual ideals and to what at the same time he has the opportunity; and secondly, it has developed the appropriate features of the character, knowledge and skills that make it possible to achieve the goal, to realize itself in its leadership formation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Natalija Zhyhajlo, Rоksolana Karpinska ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/484 Thu, 28 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0200 NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF CEREBRAL DYSFUNCTIONS IN PERSONS WITH OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/485 <p>The article is devoted to the problem of connection between biological substrate of obsessive-compulsive disorder and its typical psychological features. The main attention is paid to disfunction of cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical loops and basal ganglia as the reason of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is differentiated from anxiety disorders spectrum. Etiology of compulsive handwashing and compulsive checking is compared. Data of cognitive researches of this theme are interpreted, include response inhibition test. Assumptions about nature of obsessive thoughts “trap” are made.</p> <p>According to the results of the study, despite the fact that the psychological manifestations of OCD reminds those in anxiety disorders, it’s etiology is significantly different from them. OCD forms its own group of disorders characterized by intrusive thoughts and actions. This spectrum includes dysmorphophobia, compulsive hoarding, trichotillomania, excoriation, drug-induced obsessive-compulsive disorder, and indeterminate obsessive-compulsive disorder. OCD has a clearly defined neuroanatomical substrate: orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and basal ganglia, which are part of the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical loops. The key to the development of OCD is the pathological functional connection between these structures. Symptoms of the disorder arises because of the predominance of the direct pathway of the basal ganglia over the indirect. The anterior cingulate cortex is associated with compulsive cheking, whereas areas of the prefrontal and temporal cortex and their connection with the cerebellum are associated with compulsive handwashing. Since obsessive-compulsive behavior and OCD loop mutually reinforce each other, a vicious circle is formed between psychological symptoms and neurological disorders.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Karine Malysheva, Vladyslava Keller ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/485 Thu, 28 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0200