PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 12 times a year (from 2019).</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> Інститут психології імені Г. С. Костюка Національної академії педагогічних наук України en-US PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2414-0023 <p><strong>Copyright Notice</strong></p> <p>Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -&nbsp;https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</p> DEPENDENCE OF THE SPECIFICITY OF INTERNET TEXT UNDERSTANDING ON DEVELOPMENT OF THINKING-SPEECH ABILITIES http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/671 <p>The article presents the empirical study of the influence of thinking and speech development on the results of Internet texts understanding. Different&nbsp;theoretical methods and techniques were used&nbsp;for this purpose: deductive&nbsp;and&nbsp;inductive methods, analysis and synthesis, generalization, systematization.&nbsp; The following empirical methods were used&nbsp;for this purpose:&nbsp; experiment (semantic and receptive), the method of semantic and pragmatic interpretations, content analysis, and the subjective scaling procedure. The following mathematical methods were used: primary statistics, checks on the data distribution normality, the statistical output, taking into account statistical mode and variation. Some&nbsp;interpretive methods&nbsp;based on specific principles of the systemic, activity, cognitive and organizational approaches were used also.</p> <p>The empirical research involved 716 respondents from different regions of Ukraine, ant it revealed that thinking and speech development influences most significantly on the understanding process at the reception stage; here users' activities are guided and their expectation accuracy is determined. The results achieved by readers with highly developed thinking-speech abilities are better by 18-22% at this stage. At the stage of interpretation, the adequacy and completeness of Internet text interpretations are improved by almost 10% with the experience accumulation. At the stage of emotional identification, there is a direct correlation between the understanding adequacy and thinking-speech development, but it is much weaker (only 6%). Instead, there is a clear dependence between emotional attitude awareness and thinking-speech development at this stage, this correlation is 17%. The users with highly developed thinking-speech abilities evaluate Internet texts more homogeneously, they are better and more consistently understand their own attitudes to Internet texts. However, like inexperienced readers, they underestimate the complexity of Internet texts in more than half of the cases, they are also inclined to divide texts on approved and criticised.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nataliia Akimova ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 5 9 9 27 10.31108/1.2019.5.9.1 THE SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF PROFESSIONAL PATH ELABORATION AS A PROFESSIONAL-PERSONAL FORMATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/672 <p>Nowadays, a special attention is required for training of social workers as persons choosing a new type of professional work, which requires the proper professional training and involves changes of a social status, emergence of new social functions, types of work, inclusion into various social relations and professional work. Particular attention in formation of a social work specialist should be paid to the period of university training, when students acquire experience in social life, are included into the professional community, form sometimes qualitatively new social ties related to professional work. This is the period of a person’s professional formation or primary professional adaptation, when students, as future specialists, goes from developed professional interests to mastering of professional knowledge and skills; they become aware on the content and goals of their professional work, form the position of a specialist-professional, make a personal life decision in general. Only an active specialist is able to take responsibility for everything that is happening his/her life, want to change him/herself and is able to successfully elaborate his/her life path as a system of a future specialist’s potential capabilities.</p> <p>The article reveals the socio-psychological features of professional path elaboration as a professional-personal formation of social workers. It substantiates that life elaboration accompanies personality formation throughout all life path; as a results, an ideal self-image as a future specialist, a professional, an active agent of professional work in the field of social services is being modelled and improved. The article presents the empirical study on the social and psychological features of professional path elaboration by social workers, namely they are characterized by the below average level. A small number of the studied specialists showed the high level: they are focused on career path creation, have intrinsic motivation for professional work in the field of social services and values corresponding to wok in social services, they show emotional-value attitudes to professional path elaboration and development of themselves as social workers, they&nbsp; identify themselves&nbsp; with the profession of a social worker, have the desire to know themselves, to understand and to make adjustments in their own development. More than half of the surveyed social workers showed the low level of reflection over their professional work. A low level of internal locus of control was noted also. At the stage of social workers’ professional adaptation, the most characteristic level was the below average one.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Valentyna Balakhtar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 5 9 27 44 10.31108/1.2019.5.9.2 PERSUASION AS A MEANS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL INFLUENCE IN THE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL HEADMASTERS http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/673 <p>This article generalizes scientifically the theoretical knowledge about management and its peculiarities, represents psychological mechanisms which an administrator uses to influence the staff, discovers the essence of psychological influence and its role in management activities, reveals the results of theoretical and empiric investigation of the means of psychological influence as an inseparable part of administrator’s psychological competence. It shows the peculiarities of persuasion as one of the most effective and widely used means of psychological influence applied in management activities of the secondary school headmasters.</p> <p>An effective management is not possible without the use of psychological mechanisms of influence. They are inseparable and the most important factors in the structure of an administrative work. The problem of a manager’s influence on the staff is now very important, for management means interactions between those who directs and those who are directed. That is why it is evident that at interactions different forms of influence are applied constantly. It is important that the influence should be conscious and purposeful. For the effective influence on staff’s activities, a contemporary manager should have a profound understanding of the psychological bases of management, the ability to provide conditions which stimulate an effective collective work in an organization.&nbsp;</p> <p>There are a lot of different classifications of the means of psychological influence. But the results of theoretic&nbsp; and empiric investigation show that the most effective means of psychological influence are persuasion, suggestion, contagion, commitment and request, regardless of the age, social status and education differences.</p> <p>The main attention in the article is paid to one of the most wide spread means of psychological influence – persuasion, which is revealed through process of argumentation. That is why the main focus of our study is laid upon the notion of argumentation as a basic instrument in persuasion formation applied during communicative interactions. The results of investigation represent the argumentation structure, mechanisms and techniques of its achievement.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ivan Zhebchuk Olha Vasylchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 5 9 45 56 10.31108/1.2019.5.9.3 UKRAINAIN ADAPTATION OF THE SHORT FIVE FACTOR PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE TIPI (TIPI-UKR) http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/674 <p>This research aim is to translate into Ukrainian, adapt and validate TIPI (Ten-Item Personality Inventory proposed by S.Gosling, P. Rentfrow, and W. Swann). Adaptation of this extremely brief measure, which is developed on the basis of the recognized theory of personality, provides methodological support for studies of a whole range of problems (multiple repeated measurements in the longitudinal study, large-scale surveys, pre-screening packet etc.). TIPI is translated into more than twenty languages, which confirms that it is being in demand.&nbsp; The psychometric properties of the adapted versions demonstrate its diagnostic capacity, which opens new perspectives for cross-cultural studies.</p> <p>The article analyses the methodological framework of the TIPI, discusses the methodological problems of the inventory adaptation, and proposes the process of its adaptation and the ways to deal with the potential challenges. The inventory adaptation was done in several steps. At the first step, the inventory was translated by three independent translators, the unified translated version was agreed, the back-translation was done, and the reliability (internal consistency) was checked (with the sample of 233 undergraduate students). At the second step, the list of descriptors was expanded to improve the reliability and validity of the measure. The difficulties of the translation procedure resulted mainly from the difficulty of choosing such an ideal match for adjective descriptors that would express the content accurately and would be unambiguously interpreted. At the same time it is necessary to minimize intersections of the semantic fields for the selected descriptors. This new adapted version was examined with the sample of 405 participants. Internal reliability was checked with Cronbach’s alpha. Also test–retest reliability and the construct validity were verified by analysis of correlations between TIPI-UKR scales and corresponding scales of the existing five-factor multi-item scales (The Big Five Locator (adaptation of L.Burlachuk, D.Koroliov) and Five Factor Personality Questionnaire (adaptation of A.Hromov).</p> <p>The psychometric characteristics of internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha for Extraversion - 0,6, Agreeableness - 0,6, Conscientiousness - 0,73, Emotional Stability - 0,44, and Openness to Experience - 0,74), test–retest reliability and the construct validity were examined. They confirmed that the adapted inventory has the adequate psychometric properties. The inventory blank is attached.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Maryna Klimanska Inna Haletska ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 5 9 57 76 10.31108/1.2019.5.9.4 THE TENDENCY TO SELF-CHANGE AS A RESOURCE FOR ADVENTUROUSNESS http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/675 <p>The article presents the study on psychological resources and factors of adventurousness as a stable personal trait. At the present stage of the study, we argue that disposition to self-change can become an adventurousness resource. The indicators of disposition to self-changes (self-changeability) and adventurousness are interrelated, and the fervent wish for self-changes can support, and even provoke, manifestations of adventurousness. We can assume that the tendency to self-change is not only a predictor, a source of adventurousness, but also its psychological resource, the quality that optimizes certain activities (for example, adventurous ones), increases their effectiveness as well as psychological personal potential and skills and supports them from inside. The concept of adventurousness (disposition to adventurous behaviour) and disposition to self-changes are discussed.</p> <p>The original psychological diagnostic method “Adventure Tendency Questionnaire” (AVANT-1) and the Self-Change Tendency Questionnaire were used at the performed empirical study. Statistical data processing was done with SPSS 21.0 for Windows. Quantitative (correlative) and qualitative (ace method and profile method) data analyzes were used. Significant correlations were determined between adventurousness and the self-change tendency. The psychological characteristics of adventurous persons with high and low tendencies to self-change are descriptive. Comparison of the adventurous features of persons with different forces of the desire to change themselves shows that the thirst for luck, easy and fast success in the presence of an ultimate goal without taking into account an individual’s own capabilities and ways of problem solving are more characteristic for people inclined to self-changes. The article proves that the disposition to self-change influences manifestations of adventurousness, determines its specificity, and thus, become a resource function in relation to this phenomenon.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Olga Sannikova Natalia Melenchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 5 9 75 86 10.31108/1.2019.5.9.5