PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 6-12 times a year.</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> Інститут психології імені Г. С. Костюка Національної академії педагогічних наук України en-US PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2414-0023 <p><strong>Copyright Notice</strong></p> <p>Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -&nbsp;</p> CHILDHOOD FEARS PROBLEM IN WORKS OF NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL RESEARCHERS <p>It was emphasized that the relevance of the study has been caused by its major role in child’s life. The fear might exist on a conscious level of personality as well as on a subconscious one having impact on all aspects of life. When the fear becomes a phobia it is able to decrease the quantity of an individual’s life, bounds one’s vital activity and social cooperation, negatively affects socialization development, which is very important in a preschool age. Accordingly, the fear actualization, its compulsive nature, disturbs the child’s personality formation process, causes destructive changes in the communication with adults and children of the same age. It also may cause a misperception of substantive environment depending on the object of fear. Theoretical analysis of “fear” conception has been accomplished; its nature has been determined by different approaches in psychology. The views of national and international scientists regarding the fear problem have been presented. Scientists’ points of view on the fear and anxiety differentiation have been enlightened. The place of “fear” conception in psychological categories has been determined. Special aspects of fear origin among the children of preschool age have been analyzed. Most common kinds of fear among children have been determined as well as the stages of their transitions into phobias. The influence of child’s surrounding community on the creation of obsessive fears has been displayed. Ways and forms of preschool age children’s fear correction have been pointed. The psychological defense mechanisms’ role in a leveling of child’s own fears has been discovered. The necessity of psychological support service for children who struggle from obsessive fears and phobias have been brought into focus. It is discovered that the fear is determined as a reaction to the specific outer menace, instinct, a fundamental emotion, a mental state, an elaborated anxiety and danger signal. The fear is always directed toward the object and the anxiety might appear regardless of the motive. The anxiety is a reaction to imaginary, non-existent danger, but the fear – on a contrary – is a reaction to concrete one. As a compound structure, the fear itself includes physiological, behavioral and cognitive aspects and can be determined as a negative emotional state, which is connected to the reflection of a certain danger for individual’s life and prosperity in consciousness. It appears in anticipation and prediction of a danger. It is underlined that the preschool age is a sensitive period for fear uprising, which can take on vary types and forms. It includes psychological defense mechanisms switching-on such as runaway and denial which are widespread among the children of this age. It is proved that the corrective work, which is focused on actualized fears overcoming, provides for the use of psychological support not only for a child, but for immediate environment also.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: fear, phobia, anxiety, emotions, preschool age.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Olga Kaminska Nataliia Hromyk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-16 2018-05-16 14 4 86 104 10.31108/2018vol14iss4pp86-104 MECHANISMS OF PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL METHODS OF REGULATION OF FUNCTIONAL STATES AMONG POLICE OFFICERS <p>The article examines the results of the study of the effect of a complex of individually selected breathing techniques in conjunction with phytoarhomics and acupressure and mechanisms of their impact on the psychophysiological indicators of the functional conditions of police officers. In the group where the studies were carried out with the individual form of the classes, the number of people with signs of emotional tension, aggressiveness and anxiety decreased reliably. The indicators of the states increased: well-being, activity and mood. Confidence of the improvement in their indices of the reserves of the cardiovascular system and the adaptive potential was confirmed.</p> <p>The results of the study convincingly state that the potential capabilities of individually-matched respiratory techniques in combination with phytoharmaceuticals and acupressure in a short time (up to 10 minutes) allow normalizing psychophysiological potential and vegetative balance among police officers.</p> <p>The obtained data testify to the important role of the training of police officers in the field of psychophysiological self-regulation of functional states after stress for their normalization and prevention of posttraumatic and psychosomatic disorders. The complex method of psychophysiological regulation (CMPR) of the functional states of police officers set forth in the article is based on the psychophysiological mechanisms of the individual personality approach (IPA), psychological and biological feedback (BOS). The technique of this method consists of the stages: express diagnosis (self-diagnosis), express - analysis (self-analysis) of information received about psycho-physiological indicators of functional states, individual selection of methods of regulation, performance of techniques regulation (self-regulation) and control diagnostics of psychophysiological indicators after applying a complex method of regulation.</p> <p>The results of the use of CMPR are statistically reliable. The method has a number of patents and is confirmed by acts of implementation.</p> <p><strong><em>Key words:</em></strong> antistress respiratory fitoaroma regulation, acupressure, individual-personal approach, psychological and biological feedback, independent psychophysiological normalization of functional states.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Tetiana Kodlubovskaya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-16 2018-05-16 14 4 105 120 10.31108/2018vol14iss4pp105-120 THE WAYS OF IMPROVEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING OF UKRAINIAN NATIONAL POLICE OFFICERS <p>The article is dedicated to discussion of some questions connected with improvement of professional psychological training of Ukrainian National police officers. The authors analyze Ukrainian and foreign experience of arrangement and realization of psychological training of police officers with the purpose of formation of high level of motivation, ability to resist to stresses, conflicts and other factors of risk,&nbsp; development of important professional qualities. The authors also suggest to supplement the present system of official police officer’s training with new direction − specific professional psychological training.</p> <p>The result of this training is confined in forming of special state of personality – psychological readiness for professional activity. Psychological readiness is complex formation that consists of several components: cognitive (a system of knowledge, necessary for successful professional activity); conative (a system of motives for stimulation of professional activity); operational (system of psychological skills) and personal (system of professionally important personal qualities). It is shown that professional psychological training is long process, that begins from elementary stage of professional training and continues during all professional activity of police officer. Professional psychological training implemented with the help of different educational methods such as role plays, psychodrama, case studies, brainstorming etc. The training foresees participating of practical psychologists and conducting of police service in extremal conditions. An important task of training process is to provide police officers with special training complexes with the purpose of development of required professional, behavioral and communicative skills and readiness to act in different police service situations.</p> <p>The authors underline that investigation of international experience and methods of police professional psychological training is an essential component of this work. They strongly recommend in the article to create Complex program of arrangement and realization of professional psychological training of police officers of National police of Ukraine. The program might be established by appropriate order of Ministry of internal affairs of Ukraine.</p> <p><strong><em>Key words: </em></strong>National police of Ukraine, professional psychological training, psychological readiness, motivation, stress.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Vadim Ivanivich Barko Vladimir Petrovich Ostapovich Vadim Vadimovich Barko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-19 2018-04-19 14 4 9 18 10.31108/2018vol14iss4pp9-18 CLIP CHAOTICNESS AS A MEANS OF ABSURDIZATION AND MANIPULATIVE TECHNOLOGY <p>The article is deals with the theoretical analysis of scientific literature in reference to using of clip chaoticness in order to actualize the absurdity of the content of information on the territory of cyberspace as the latest manipulative technology of goal-oriented influence on the individual and mass consciousness. Such concepts as clip chaoticness of cyberspace, logic of absurdity, absurdization, clip culture, clip thinking, conceptual thinking, etc. are revealed. The newest informational-communicative technologies, which can lead to fatal dangerous consequences for our society, are described.</p> <p>It is stated that the clip chaoticness of cyberspace as a means of absurdization and the manipulative technology of social and psychological influence in the information space primarily focus on the partial or complete "disbalance" of the harmonious correlation between the conceptual and the clip levels of thinking. This, by turns, tells that the information flows of various political, social, economic, religious, and spiritual institutions are fighting for the corresponding symbolic capital, the right and the opportunity to transform it relative to the main goals of their social projects, using the latest technologies of the modern scientific world to create the clip chaoticness in the areas of cyberspace.</p> <p>Creating chaos using absurdism testifies that the growth of clip culture in the information space can lead to uncontrollability of informational-communicative flows (absurdity grows into the process of absurdization, clip chaoticness – in clips chaotization). This is explained by the fact that information flows at the present stage already can work with different intensity of the submission of information, and the "necessary" intensity is difficult to maintain in a competitive conditions (depending on the intensity and saturation of the information flow the influence on the society may change), especially there is no guarantee that one or the other flow will not amenable to information attack. Only this already indicates that chaoticness of clip in the areas of the informational space is difficult to control for today. And in fact it becomes impossible to control artificially created chaoticness in the information flow, for example, on such two parallels as clip and explanation of absurd actions by creation of controlled or organized chaos. In final result, it will not be the clip chaoticness, but the clip chaotization (a constant increasing and growth of chaos), which in fact at all is already impossible to control and constrain at the present stage of formation of technological progress. Relevant existing institutions of information security will not be able to stop widespread chaoticness, that’s why the creation of algorithms for timely prediction of such catastrophic flows at the stage of their formation is the urgent need. It is substantiated that technological progress has led to a change in the informational-communicative means and to the formation of the latest varieties of human intellectual activity.</p> <p>It is concluded that the evolutionary period of change in human consciousness is in full swing, the personality has not yet reached the level of development, in order as a result of the chaoticness of informational-communicative flows (marathons) be able to transform her cognitive-strategic potential and have time to engage in effective information processing for a short period of time at an adequate level. And this, at the same time, provides the opportunity to apply manipulative technologies of the influence on individual and social consciousness.</p> <p><strong><em>Key words: </em></strong>clip chaoticness of cyberspace, logic of absurd, reduction to absurdity, clip culture, clip thinking, conceptual thinking.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Yan Chaplak Igor Zvarych ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-19 2018-04-19 14 4 19 36 10.31108/2018vol14iss4pp19-36 THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATIONAL-COMMUNICATIVE TECHNOLOGIES ON THE FORMATION OF CLIP OF INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS <p>The article is deals with the theoretical analysis of the specifics of the influence of informational-communicative technologies on the formation of the clip consciousness (individual and social) and clip thinking as its component, which became the purpose of our investigation.</p> <p>It is noted that the high level of intensity of informatization of society and modern technological progress in the information environment led to the development of the situation when virtual-network communications become an integral part of cybersociety and a new kind of culture – virtual-network is created, the component of which is the clip culture.</p> <p>It is stated that, although the discussion of the problem of clip thinking (as a component of the clip culture) intensified, from the 20th century, information in the clip format (which gradually began to displace the text culture of society), we received long before that time.</p> <p>It is shown that the progress in the formation of the network society requires the appropriate new predispositions in the personality for the rapid perception, comprehension and processing of a sufficiently large volume of information flows, mastering of innovative means and technological tools of work.</p> <p>The views of scientists on the definition of the concept of "informational society" and its characteristic features, the main of which is using of the informational-communicative technologies for optimal functioning of information in society, which can have both positive and negative consequences were analyzed.</p> <p>It is noted that in order to transmit as much information as possible to the society, informational-communicative marathons use the clips of informational flows as a kind of informational-communicative technologies, and the technological progress of cyberspace with using of clip chaoticness of information that disclose to us an infinite number of methods of purposeful influence not only on the internal state of the individual and society as a whole, but on their perception of one or another situation; that the clip nature of the informational environment allows to use a lot of manipulative technologies of goal-directed social and psychological influence, overburdening the mosaic structure of informational-communicative marathons in order to impose the "necessary" meaning of the perception of informational context; that it is precisely with the help of information and communication flows, which are based on clip chaoticness of the transmitted information, the public opinion is forming much easier, the process of making social, economic and social decisions in the society is taking place.</p> <p>The role of clip chaoticness in the presentation of information in the media and the Internet in the formation of clip thinking, as a component of the clip consciousness, and the psychological peculiarities of its manifestation are determined.</p> <p>It is concluded that the growing and rapid flow of information, in which it is necessary to find the needed, puts the modern person the requirement to adapt to a situation, developing not only the speed of perception of information, but also the ability to distinguish in a continuously changing flow an important things; that clip thinking has already become part of the information space and modern life and world view of man, and clip culture has emerged under the influence of informational-communicative technologies in cyberspace in order to reporting to the society as much information as possible and is an integral part of the process of informatization of the modern information and network society.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>Key words: </em></strong>clip thinking, informational and network communication, social influence, information technology, cyberspace, clip chaoticness.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Halyna Chuyko Yan Chaplak ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-19 2018-04-19 14 4 37 53 10.31108/2018vol14iss4pp37-53