http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/issue/feed PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2018-12-16T22:03:27+02:00 Klimovskyi Stanislav klimovskyiss@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 6-12 times a year.</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/412 REFLECTION AS A FACTOR OF PROFESSIONAL AND INDIVIDUAL PROVISION OF SOCIAL WORK PROFESSIONALS 2018-12-16T15:53:15+02:00 Valentyna Balakhtar v.balakhtar@chnu.edu.ua <p>Nowadays, Social Work is required a special attention as a new type of professional activity, and the formation of a specialist’s personality in the field of Social Work presents a variety of different requirements for his/her personality and professional qualities. Reflection acts as one of the professional and personality factor, which provides the ability to evaluate activity from the perspective of success prospects, self-monitoring, analysis of the process and its results, find new resources; adjust the professional activity according to different norms, be responsible for the supposed results, predict its consequences for oneself and others, promote self-development and development of reflection in clients of social services, etc.<br>The results of the empirical research were given, which showed the expediency of using A. Karpov’s methodology for considering the reflection as a professional and personal neoplasm in the formation of the personality of a Social Work specialist. The indicators and levels of employees' reflexivity have been investigated. The low and average level of reflexivity have been stated, which are the characteristics for Social Work specialists, the significant difficulties are encountered in the formation of reflexive abilities, ability to reflect, and this testifies to existing problems concerning self-control of specialist's behavior in actual situations, self-examination of professional activity, forecasting, etc. According to the results of the dispersion analysis, statistically significant differences were found regarding the reflexivity of Social Work specialists, depending on gender, age and stages of professional development. In particular, the indicator of reflexivity, in general, is constantly growing at all stages of the professional development of the personality of Social Work specialists, which is conditioned by the peculiarities of personal and professional formation, acquisition of professional experience, satisfaction of the needs for self-development, self-improvement and self-realization of the personality of a specialist as a professional, socio-economic factors, because professional formation involves the acquisition of age-old qualitative peculiarity and maturity. Regarding the features of the reflexivity of specialists, depending on gender and age, in women, it constantly grows throughout the formation, and due to men, the features of the reflexivity tend to the variability of periods of growth and decrease, but generally increase. Consequently, the reflection in the process of becoming a personality of Social Work specialist contributes to the formation of skills to manage their own actions, to independently evaluate their own capabilities, to determine professional tasks, plans for their decisions, to analyze the results, to reflect on their own professional activities, that is, the development of reflection as a professional-personal neoplasm undergoes the constant influence of biological, psychological and social factors and accompanies the whole process of becoming a personality of Social Work specialist, stimulates the self-realization as a professional.</p> 2018-09-27T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/413 THEORETICAL MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT OF REFLECTIVE THINKING OF FUTURE PSYCHOLOGIST PRACTITIONER 2018-12-16T22:03:21+02:00 Dmeterko Natalia dmeterkonatalia@ukr.net <p>На основі теоретичних положень психодинамічного підходу розроблено модель розвитку рефлексивного мислення майбутніх психологів-практиків. Модель містить чинники, психологічні умови, механізми розвитку рефлексивного мислення особи. Чинником розвитку рефлексивного мислення психолога-практика розглянуто глибинну психокорекцію, що здійснюється у відповідності із основними положеннями психодинамічного підходу, що розробляється у дослідженнях академіка НАПН України Т.С.&nbsp;Яценко. Розвиток рефлексивного мислення розглянуто як процес його самоорганізації. Визначено психологічні умови для розвитку рефлексивного мислення особи, які забезпечуються принципами організації та методами глибинної психокорекції (візуалізована репрезентація, діалог, інтерпретація). Психологічними умовами розвитку рефлексивного мислення є: об'єктивація, дезінтеграція, разототожнення та самодистанціювання, реінтеграція. <br>На основі аналізу емпіричного матеріалу визначено якісні зміни рефлексивного мислення, зумовлені проходженням майбутніми психологами-практиками глибинної психокорекції. Основним напрямом у розвитку рефлексивного мислення особи є розширення сфери самоусвідомлення та рефлексії, зростання реалістичності у відображенні дійсності. </p> 2018-09-27T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/414 PSYCHOLOGY OF LIFE-SENSE EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE OF MODERN STUDENT YOUTH 2018-12-16T22:03:21+02:00 Halian Ihor halyan@ukr.net Halian Оlena halyane@ukr.net <p>The article presents the results of theoretical and empirical study of the depth of the life-sense emotional experience of youth in modern transformational society. Agent’s subjective experience of the integrity and meaningfulness of one’s own being is denoted by the term “psychological well-being”. It is pointed to its integrative essence which expresses the degree of a person’s orientation to the implementation of personality growth, self-acceptance, life goals, positive relationships with the environment, as well as the degree of realization of this orientation expressed through the feeling of happiness and satisfaction both with yourself and your own life. It is noted that the fundamental values ​​for psychological well-being are fulfilled personality values, whose structure is invariant under different conditions. It is stated that it is life goals that have the potential to stimulate a person to specific actions that will give sense to life.<br>There has been proved the possibility of diagnostics of value-sense formations. On the one hand, sense of life is rarely directly objectified in behaviour, and therefore, judging by the actions of the personality in a particular situation we can state only the “final links” of the mechanism of life-sense regulation. On the other hand, regulatory structures and processes objectified in actions are “derivatives” of life sense, available for empirical registration.<br>It is shown that the choice of certain values ​​as sources of life sense substantially determines the general level of life awareness and personal vulnerability to life-sense crises. The key factor in the emergence of a life-sense crisis is the inadequate depth of life awareness. The obtained empirical results have shown a not too high level of existential fulfilment of young people. However, they have not been diagnosed with crisis of life sense. Insufficiently high indicators of depth of life sense indicate a qualitatively peculiar picture of their internal emotional experiences together with low existential fulfilment as to their own lives.<br>The emphasis is placed on the optimality of the spiritual life sense, for which self-transcendental values ​​are fundamental. There has been confirmed the influence of psychological well-being (existential fulfilment) on the manifestation of a high level of psychological activity.</p> 2018-09-27T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/415 THERAPEUTIC CAPACITIES OF HUMOR WHEN DEALING WITH CHILDREN IN THE NEGATIVE PSYCHIC STATE OF MIND 2018-12-16T22:03:22+02:00 Gordiienko-Mytrofanova Iia ikavgm@gmail.com Kobzieva Iuliia yu.kobzeva88@gmail.com <p>The article is devoted to the development of the conceptual foundation for the technique of therapeutic humor, which is intended to harmonize the relationships between parents and their children (pre-school students) who experience negative psychic states of mind.<br>The theoretical reasoning behind the therapeutic potential of the “positive reinterpretation” method and Pollyanna principles, which are especially important for securing children’s mental health, together with the systematization of psychological approaches to the development of humor in children, and the psycholinguistic experiment whose aim was to define the semantic clusters of the stimulus-word “humor”- all these enabled us to outline the conceptual underpinning for the technique of therapeutic humor, which involves the following:<br>- method of “positive reinterpretation” that focuses, in the first place, on the parents’ ability to understand the “positive” aspects of deviations, i.e. the child’s ability to react to particular situations and conflicts displaying particular symptomatic behavior, and secondly, it means parents’ direct involvement into the process of correcting their child’s behavior, i.e. helping the child to give up unhealthy relationships with oneself and the rest of the world and take up more healthy and adaptive formats;<br>- Pollyanna’s “Glad game”, whose aim is to reduce the child’s level of emotional suffering and enhance the feeling of well-being via developing a more positive attitude to life;<br>- “prevention of humor misunderstanding”, which is aimed at teaching parents to feel their child on the basis of recollecting their own childhood memories connected with traumatic humor misunderstanding. This helps to better understand the child’s emotions;<br>- reading and discussing children’s humoristic literature together with the child. This activity helps to establish closer relationships between parents and children, building the atmosphere of trust and friendship;<br>- children’s psychotherapy is performed through the psychotherapy of their parents.<br>The main goal of the therapeutic humor technique is to help children to deal with their symptomatic behavior via direct involvement of their parents into the process of correcting their child’s behavior.</p> 2018-09-27T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://apsijournal.com/index.php/psyjournal/article/view/417 DETERMINANTS OF PSYCHOGENIC INFERTILITY: AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT THE PROBLEM 2018-12-16T22:03:22+02:00 Korolovich Oksana info.korolovych@gmail.com <p>Infertility is one of the most complex theoretical problems of modern medicine, as well as perinatal, medical psychology and family psychology. We emphasize that the problem of psychogenic infertility should be considered from the point of view of women's psychological maturity. Psychological maturity is the highest degree of human self-development, mental integrity, inner harmony, effective self-disclosure in every sphere of life: family, spiritual, professional, etc. And, most simply, in explaining the psychological maturity of a woman, her self-realization, to manipulate metaphors of archetypes.<br> Female archetypes, according to J. Bohlen, are represented by the following species: a group of virgins - Athena, Artemis, Hestia; a group of vulnerable - Hera, Demetra, Persephone and the alchemical group is represented by Aphrodite.<br> Psychogenic infertility from the point of view of the metaphor of archetypes arises as a gag and an extreme point of self-manifestation in any one incarnation of one goddess, be it Athena, Artemis, Hestia or Persephone. Occultation in one architipic context generates the blocking of others. Athena will not give birth to a child, because she is emotionally and mentally more a man, Artemis does not want to give the hostile world a new generation, and especially to give offspring to her husband and men in general, Hestion - does not want to give anything to anyone, she is confined only to her spiritual needs, like Persephone on her own pleasure.<br>Such a destruction of the parent dominant occurs for many reasons. So, many of these causes originate from the adverse perinatal and biographical experiences of women, but archetypal space is a subconscious context of human activity, and female archetypes do not belong to the individual experience of a woman; they belong to a collective metaphorical stratum. Athena in the modern world is most in demand and active. Women in the overwhelming majority are aimed at competition with men, self-realization in purely male domains, they seek success and power. Therefore, the overwhelming activity of Athens (especially of it), Artemis, Hestia and Persephone in the modern world, is directly related to the growth of statistics of psychogenic infertility.<br> In this article, we just pointed out the problem. In further research, we intend to raise the transpersonal stratum of psychogenic infertility in more detail and describe the psychotherapeutic ways of overcoming it, which have already been tested and confirmed by our experience.</p> 2018-09-27T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##